Maintaining Legal and Social Framework

Maintaining Legal and Social
• Example:
– Create laws and provide courts
– Provide information and services to help
the economy function better
– Establish a monetary system
– Define & enforce property rights
Providing Public Goods and
• Example:
– Provide goods & services that markets are
unable or unwilling to provide
• Such as:
– National defense
– National park system
Maintaining Competition
• Example:
– Create and enforce antitrust laws
– Regulate natural monopolies
Redistributing Income
• Example:
– Higher income tax rates for rich than for
– Provide Social Security
– Aid dependent children with programs such
as Medicare and Medicaid
Correcting for Externalities
• Example:
– Money to encourage positive externalities
• Such as education
– Taxes to reduce negative externalities
• Such as environmental pollution
Stabilizing the Economy
• Example:
– Use government budgets and/or the
money supply to promote economic
growth, control inflation, & reduce