Stage play - Verona School District

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DRAMA
WHAT IS DRAMA?
 Drama is different from other forms of literature because it is
written to be performed.
• When you read drama, you should imagine that you see and hear the
actions of a performance.
 The term comes from a Greek word meaning "action"
 Like other forms of literature drama includes:
• Characters people who take part in the action
• Conflict the problem between two characters or forces
• Theme the message or insight about life
ELEMENTS OF DRAMA
 Although a drama is written for actors to perform, scripts can still
be read or read in the form of a written version of a literary work.
 A script is different from a short story or novel because a script is
made up of dialogue and stage directions
KEY TERMS
 Acts- often divided into parts called scenes
 Dialogue- the term given to the words said by the characters. The
characters lines are printed in the form of a play, called a script.
 Protagonist- The main character, usually the ‘good guy’
 Antagonist- The anti-protagonist, the one who causes the problems for
the main characters
 Cue - The words or actions at which an actor is expected to deliver a line
or a crew member is expected to perform some task.
KEY TERMS (CONT.)
 Stage Directions- are sets of bracketed information that tell what the stage looks
like and how the characters should move and speak.
 Set- is the construction on stage that suggest the time and place of the action
 Props- the moveable items. Objects like a book suitcase or flashlights that the actors
use to make their actions look realistic.
 Fourth Wall- The imaginary fourth wall that is removed from box set to enable the
audience to see the action on stage.
MORE KEY TERMS
 Monologue– an extended speech by one character.
 Soliloquy– an extended speech by one character, alone on stage.
• Soliloquies are used to express the private thoughts of one character.
 Aside- refers to a speech or comment made by an actor directly to
the audience about the action of the play or another character.
• The other characters are unaware of this action.
AFTER REVIEWING THE 5
ELEMENTS OF DRAMA
 Why do you think stage directions are necessary in drama and not
in stories or novels?
• Stories and novels develop by including descriptions and details.
These are elements which are not usually part of a drama.
• Stage directions describe how the setting will be displayed, props
which are used and tell how actors look, move and speak
TYPES OF DRAMA
 Drama describes a play that addresses a serious subject
 Comedy is a form of drama with a happy ending. The humor often
comes out of a characters’ dialogue and situation. Comedies can be
written purely for entertainment but can also address a serious issue.
 Tragedy is a form of drama in which events lead to the downfall of
the main character. This character is often a person of great significance,
like a king or a heroic figure
FORMAT
 Screenplays scripts that produce movies
 Teleplays are types of screenplays written for television.
Both include camera angles and require more variety of scene changes than a
stage play.
 Radio plays the written format of a radio broadcasts. They can include
sound effects , but not lighting or staging instructions.
 Stage play a drama written for a stage performance which includes all
element of drama
 Musical a play based on music
FORMATS?
 The Hunger Games: Team
• Screenplay
 Disney Icarly
• Teleplay
 It is the 1940’s and there is no television! Your family tunes into “Radio 300
am” you are listening to a dramatized, purely acoustic performance, broadcast
on radio
• Radio Plays
 Romeo and Juliet
• Stage Play
 Disney on Ice
• Musical or Stage Play on Ice
FORESHADOWING
 Foreshadowing is a literary device in which a writer gives an
advance hint of what is to come later in the story.
 Foreshadowing often appears at the beginning of a story or a
chapter and helps the reader develop expectations about the coming
events in a story.
• Ex. The Outsiders - The Socs jump Ponyboy while he walks home
alone, previewing their later attack on him and Johnny; Johnny
threatens to kill anybody who jumps him again, foreshadowing his
murder of Bob.
WHAT DO YOU KNOW
ABOUT DRAMA?
 Characters are involved in every literary work and most literary
works involve conflict. Why is conflict an important part of drama?
•
Conflict is an important element because it drives the action.
 What examples of drama have you read, seen or have been part
of ?
• Was it comedy or tragedy?
• What was the conflict?
• What was the theme?
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