Chapter 7, Section 3 Great Britain: Strengths Had more money and resources Had a powerful military (well trained) Had largest navy in the world Great Britain: Weaknesses • Had to ship their supplies across the ocean • Had to deal with hostile citizens in America Patriots: Strengths • Many Americans supported the Revolution • Fighting for a cause they believed in Patriots: Weaknesses • The colonial army was made up of poorly trained local militia • Was fighting a very powerful country 1. What was George Washington’s first task? He had to organize and maintain more troops for the Continental Army 2. During the course of the war, more than 230,000 soldiers served in the Continental Army. 3. Many African Americans fought in battles during the American Revolution. Name two. Peter Salem Salem Poor 4. George Washington had to make a decision whether or not to allow blacks to fight in the Continental Army. What did he decide? He banned blacks from fighting Why did he make that decision? Southerners did not want blacks fighting because they were slave owners. 5. Lord Dunmore’s Proclamation was issued by the British. What did it say? It promised freedom to any enslaved person who fought for Great Britain 6. What effects did Lord Dunmore’s Proclamation have on the Continental Army? They started allowing free African Americans to fight – over 5,000 did List the other groups of people that each side received help from: GREAT BRITAIN American Indians Thayendangea and other Iroquois PATRIOTS American Indians Women like Molly Pitcher 8. Who was Thayendanegea, also known as Joseph Brant, and which side did he join? He was the Mohawk leader and he persuaded many Iroquois to join the British 9. How did women help the Patriots in the Revolutionary War? Ran farms and businesses, raised money for supplies, were spies, nurses or messengers 10. What role did Molly Pitcher have in the war? Read about her in the second paragraph and look at the picture at the top of the page. She brought water to the Patriots during the battle and when her husband was wounded, she took his place loading cannons. **Historians question this account. 11. Patriot troops went to British-controlled Canada which was known as the “fourteenth colony.” Write down if the Patriots or the British won at the battles listed below. St. John’s, Canada Who won? Patriots Quebec Who won? British • George Washington was moving his troops to New York. The Patriots had seen British ships nearing New York Bay. British General William Howe drove the Continental Army off of Long Island (which is in New York.) • The British force was larger and better equipped and Washington tried hard to save his outnumbered army. In a series of battles, Howe forced the Continental Army to keep retreating (backing away). • The Redcoats (British) captured many Patriots as well as valuable supplies. After several months they pushed Washington out of New York.