Module C Powerpoint

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Gender Analysis
and Frameworks
Module C
Review of the BIG IDEAS from
previous sections.
Learning Objectives
 Understand the concepts of gender mainstreaming and gender analysis.
 Identify when gender analysis can be used in program stages.
 Understand the value of gender analysis frameworks and when they can
be used.
 Identify TAF’s key areas of concern regarding gender that should be
considered in a good gender analysis (i.e. power, access, control,
constraints, opportunities).
 Understand how to apply the hybrid framework developed for the case
study.
What is Gender Mainstreaming?
Gender mainstreaming is:
A strategy for considering women’s and men’s concerns
and needs in programming to ensure that women and
men benefit equally and inequality is not perpetuated.
Why do we mainstream gender?
Human
Rights
Sustainable
Development
for All
Good
governance
Economic
Growth
Effective
Programming
Gender mainstreaming is a big-picture strategy to
incorporate (or “mainstream”) gender concerns to
achieve gender equality.
Gender analysis is a process to identify, analyze, and
inform action to address gender inequalities.
What is gender analysis?
 Gender analysis involves the collection and analysis
of sex-disaggregated data.
 Understanding the different experiences, knowledge,
Sex-disaggregated
data is
and
needs of men
and women allows programs and
data that, when collected,
policies
to include
differentiates
between those needs.
men and women.
Gender Analysis in Practice
Gender analysis can be used in Project Design,
Implementation, and Monitoring and Evaluation.
Project Design Example
Conduct a baseline survey to understand the project context including
gender roles, stereotypes, and power dynamics.
Implementation Example
Create same-sex groups for trainings and workshops and
utilize female facilitators.
Monitoring and Evaluation Example
Conduct evaluation and collect sex-disaggregated data to see how the
project impacted men and women differently.
Gender Analysis Frameworks
Gender analysis frameworks are a
useful tool with which to
understand gender dynamics
within a project or a context.
When and how to use the frameworks
Use a
gender
analysis
framework
Design
Evaluation
Use a
gender
analysis
framework
Inception
Implement
Use a
gender
analysis
framework
Ongoing M&E
Ongoing M&E
Use a gender
analysis
framework
Because TAF has a specific approach, we
need a particular framework to capture
our priorities.
TAF’s Political Economy Approach
 All development contexts are inherently political and
involve competing interests.
 TAF’s political economy approach incorporates
political and power dynamics of a local context in
program design.
 This approach allows TAF’s programs to identify
political actors on all sides and determine how to
best make change.
TAF Hybrid Framework
 Step One: Problem Identification
 Step Two: Identify causes of the problem and their
impact on men and women.
 Step Three: Conduct gender analysis based on needs
and goals. Consider what role men and women can
play to address these.
Step One: Problem Identification
What is the core problem we are trying to
address?
Step Two: Causes and Effects
Key Considerations in TAF’s Framework:
Access and Control
 Consider who controls access to resources. Access
simply means ability to use a resource (tangible or
intangible).
 Consider power relations. Inequality in power
relations can lead to imbalanced control over
resources.
Key Ideas in TAF’s Framework:
Opportunities and Constraints
 Gender-based opportunities are gender relations
that facilitate men’s or women’s access to resources
or opportunities of any type.
 Gender-based constraints are gender relations
that inhibit either men’s or women’s access to
resources or opportunities of any type.
Source:
http://www.igwg.org/igwg_media/GenderSafeMothrhd/intro-gendr-analysis-present.pdf
Step Three: Gender Analysis
Gender Analysis Activity
 Review the case study
 Identify the problem
 Apply the TAF Hybrid framework
Follow-up Questions

1. Refer back to Module B in which you identified areas of
gender equality/inequality in Wonderland. After working
through the gender analysis framework, do you think these
issues are critical to consider?

2. Do the potential interventions you identified in the
framework address these gender inequalities?

3. Look at the possible interventions you just developed.
Considering those interventions, provide two detailed
descriptions of how you have mainstreamed gender into the
implementation of this project.

4. What might be some obstacles to conducting a rigorous
gender analysis in this context?
What are the BIG IDEAS from this
section?
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