Building Scripts in LoadRunner

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Building Scripts
For HP LoadRunner
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Building Scripts
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Introducing the Virtual User Generator (VuGen)
The VuGen Window at a Glance
Developing a Vuser Script
Example- HP WebTours Website
Tree View and Script View
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Introducing the Virtual User Generator (VuGen)
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HP’s tool for creating Vuser scripts is the Virtual User Generator,
VuGen.
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During recording VuGen monitors the client end of the database and
traces all the requests sent by the user and received from the user, to
the server.
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During playback, Vuser scripts communicate directly with the server by
executing calls to the server API.
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When a Vuser communicates directly with a server, system resources
are not required for the client interface. This allows a large number of
Vusers to run simultaneously on a single workstation, and few testing
machines are required to emulate large server loads.
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The VuGen Window at a Glance
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Developing a Vuser script
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Recording Options
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HTML based: Records script for
every user action that is
performed during recording
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URL based: Records each and
every browser request to the
server and resources received
from the server.
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HTML mode is recommended
for browser applications while
URL mode is recommended for
non-browser applications.
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Start Recording
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Application Type:
 Internet Application type for
web based applications e.g.
Web/Oracle NCA.
 Win32 Application type for
non-Internet Applications
e.g. Windows Socket.
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Program to record: Select the
browser or Internet application
to record.
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URL Address: Specify the
application URL address.
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Start Recording
Script consists of 3 sections…
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Vuser_init( ): Login to server
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Actions: Clients activities
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Vuser_end( ): Logoff
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User Actions
Logon
(recording
optional)
vuser_init.c
User Actions
(Business Processes)
Action1.c, Action2.c, etc.
(e.g., Create Order, Ship Order)
Logoff
(recording
optional)
vuser_end.c
This section may be iterated (repeated)
during one test run
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Recording Script
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Provide the URL of the
application and navigate
through the scenario that is to
be tested.
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The script is automatically
recorded in VuGen.
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Example- HP Web Tours Website
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Open the Start Recording dialog
box.
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In the URL address box, type
http://localhost:1080/WebTours.
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In the Record into Action box,
select Action.
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Click OK.
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Example- HP Web Tours Website
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Log on to the HP Web Tours
Website.
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For the User Name enter “jojo”
and for the Password enter
“bean”. Click Login.
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A welcome page opens.
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Example- HP Web Tours Website
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Click Flights and provide the
following information:
 Departure City: Denver
(default)
 Departure Date: Keep the
default, current date
 Arrival City: Los Angeles
 Return Date: Keep the
default, tomorrow’s date
 Seating Preference: Aisle
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Keep the rest of the default
settings and click Continue.
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Example- HP Web Tours Website
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The Search Results page
opens.
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Select a flight:
 Click Continue to accept the
default flight selections. The
Payment Details page
opens.
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Example- HP Web Tours Website
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Enter payment information and
book flight:
 Enter 12345678 in the
Credit Card box and type
06/10 in the Exp Date box.
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Click Continue.
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Example- HP Web Tours Website
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The Invoice page opens,
displaying your invoice.
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Check the itinerary:
 Click Itinerary in the left
pane.
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Example- HP Web Tours Website
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The Itinerary page opens.
Click Sign Off in the left pane.
Click Stop on the floating
toolbar to stop the recording
process.
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Example- HP Web Tours Website
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The Code Generation pop up
window opens while the Vuser
script is generated and recording
summary is displayed.
The recording summary includes
the protocol information and a list of
the actions created during the
session. For each step you
performed during recording, VuGen
generated a snapshot, a picture of
the window during recording.
Select File > Save or click the Save
button.
Type basic_tutorial in the File name
box and click Save.
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Viewing the script – Script View
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Script view is a text-based view
that lists the actions of the
Vuser as API functions.
To view the script in Script view
select View > Script View or
click the Script View button.
In Script view, VuGen shows the
script in an editor with color
coded functions and their
argument values.
You can type C or LoadRunner
API functions, as well as control
flow statements, directly into
this window.
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Questions - To Review Your Skills
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Create script for HP WebTours application using HTML based recording
mode.
Create script for HP WebTours application using URL based recording
modes.
How does Protocol Advisor works? Analyze WebTours application using
Protocol advisor?
Create script for HP WebTours application using different actions for
login, transactions and logout.
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Thank You
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