Explain Your Stuff

Explain Your Stuff
Flight Science Review
1: Give an Example of hot air rising to
create lift. Explain why this happens
 An example of hot air rising to create lift is a
hot air balloon
 A hot air balloon can fly because when air is
heated, it rises. The balloon traps the hot
air. Eventually, the air heats up and rises
enough that its “push” up on the balloon is
greater than the pull of gravity. It flies!
2. Which property of air is being
 A: Air has mass
 B: Air moves around
3. State Bernoulli’s Principle in your
own words.
 Bernoulli’s Principle states that faster
moving air has less pressure (or pushes
less) on an object than slower moving air.
4. Identify 2 everyday situations or products
that illustrate Bernoulli’s Principle.
1. Airplanes flying
2. Race Cars
5. Describe the 4 forces acting on
flying devices.
1. Thrust: propels the device forward
2. Drag: slows the device down as it moves
through the air
3. Lift: keeps the device in the air
4. Gravity: pull the device toward the Earth
6. How can drag be reduced when:
 A. Walking: don’t wear baggy clothes
 B. Taking part in sports: wear equipment
that is aerodynamic (air passes over easily)
 C. Flying a plane: fly with the wind, or don’t
fly when it is windy.
7. In order to fly, a plane needs
enough lift to overcome what?
 Gravity
8. Name 2 Canadians who have contributed to the
science and technology of aircraft and describe their
 William Wallace Gibson: created small
model planes that flew
 Roland Groome and Robert McCombie
made the first flight from Saskatoon to
10. Describe one safety precaution that you
practiced when learning about air and flight.
 Do not fly flight devices in the direction of
other students. Always find an open area to
test a flying device.
11. Think of 2 different types of flying
devices that you have learned about.
Hot air balloons
Passenger airplanes
Military aircraft
Utility aircraft (Water bombers, air
ambulance, etc)