Guided Reading Activity 3-1

Guided Reading Activity 3-1
Outline Section 3-1
I. England in America
1. What were the two major reasons for the
conflict between England and Spain?
Trading rivalry and religious differences
2. What marked the end of the Spanish
control of the seas?
Defeat of the Spanish Armada
B.The Lost Colony of Roanoke
Who did Queen Elizabeth give the right to
claim any land in North America not
already owned by a Christian monarch?
Sir Walter Raleigh
C. Roanoke Settlements
Why did both attempts to settle Roanoke
A difficult winter and it took John White
three years to return with supplies
II. Jamestown Settlement
A. Introduction
What was a charter?
The right to organize a settlement in an
B. The Virginia Company
1. When did Virginia Company settlers
found Jamestown and name the James
April 1607
2. Why was Jamestown built on a
So that it could be defended from attack
3. Why did so many of the original
Jamestown colonists die within the first
year of its settlement?
Many of them were not used to hard labor;
they searched for gold and silver instaed
of growing food; disease also took its
C. Captain John Smith
How was John Smith helpful to Jamestown
in the second year of its settlement?
He forced the settlers to work and got corn
from the Powhaten people.
D. Tobacco Saves the Colony
1. How did tobacco help the Virginia
colonists survive?
Tobacco provided money for the English
2. When did relations between the settlers
and the Powhaten people improve?
After John Rolfe married Pocahontas, the
daughter of Chief Powhaten
E. Representative Government
How did Sir George Yeardley help the
Jamestown settlers?
He ended military rule and allowed the
men to elect representatives to make
local laws.
III. New Arrivals in Jamestown
1. What happened to the first Africans
brought to Jamestown in 1619?
They were sold to Virginia planters to work
in the tobacco fields.
2. Who was William Tucker?
The first African American child born in the
American colonies; he was a free man