Using Great Expectations by Charles Dickens Please think about an answer to this question during announcements: Why do authors employ dialects in their writing? To make characters realistic To make a narrative historically accurate To indicate the social, economic and educational level of a character To indicate the age, culture or geographic background of a character To create humor To educate his or her readers What is the definition for dialect? Dialect is a way of expressing a variation in pronunciation, meaning or usage from standard language whose origin may be attributed to geography, class or culture. How do you pronounce the beverage that most humans drink everyday? Some say waaahter Others say worter Can you think of some other examples of variations in pronunciation? Gas pronounced as Syrup pronounced as Coffee pronounced as Tomato pronounced as geahs (NJ) or gaz (Philadelphia) Searup (NJ and?) or Sirrup (Somewhere in New England through the Midwest) Cawfee (NJ) or Cahfee (Midwest) Tomahtos (UK) or tomaytos (northern US) A class is a group or cohort of people who share a common background Social Economic Age or generation Educational A word for your mother’s sister A word for a vessel to hold flowers Ahnt or Annt Vayz or Vahz What if your friend said, “Hey let’s go get a sandwich at a deli?” What would you expect to eat? Hoagie, bomber sub/submarine, grinder, torpedo, hero, baguette Bap or Panini What do you call the space inside your house immediately inside the front door? Hallway Foyer Entryway Living room? What do you pour on your spaghetti? Some people say sauce Some Italians say gravy What do you say to your family when asking them to come back for Thanksgiving next year? “See you again!” “See you next time!” “You should make sure to come back next year.” “You all come back next year.” “Y’all come back now, ya hear?” To show regional and geographic differences between characters To show different educational levels and social classes between characters To further social and political criticism To show different ages of his characters To create humor Look for patterns and clues in the language Change and add letters if you notice a pattern For example: look for apostrophes and try adding on common word endings (-ed and – ing) Consult a dictionary and look up the word, words or expressions that are unfamiliar to you Do some research. If you are reading a text centered in a culture, region or time period different from your own, research that culture, region or time period Miss Havisham might sound something like this… The convict might sound similar to this… Joe might sound something like this… What do you understand about some of the characters you’ve met so far in the novel, Great Expectations?