Integrated Pest Management


Incorporating an IPM Approach

VelRey Lozano, IPM Coordinator, EPA Region 8


Common sense approach to managing pests and pest control

It ’ s a safer and more cost effective solution to pest control

Useful in all situations; schools, homes, working establishments

Children spend up to 80% of their time in schools.

IPM is important because it looks for the best way to manage pest problems with the least possible damage to the environment, people and even property.

IPM programs take advantage of all pest management strategies, including judicious careful use of pesticides when necessary.

Head lice








Potentially bed bugs

70-93% use pesticide indoors, outdoor in-house, contract routine, calendar applications or as-needed applications

What is the pest?

Where is it coming from?

Why is it coming?

◦ Food

◦ Water

◦ Shelter

Visual inspections

Sticky traps

German Cockroach vs. Oriental Cockroach

Pharaoh Ant vs. Pavement Ant

European Paper Wasp vs. Yellow Jackets

Identification is necessary for deciding how you are going to manage your pest problem

Part of an IPM program is setting pest threshold levels or tolerance levels.

◦ Vectors

◦ Nuisance

Building repairs

◦ Installing door sweeps

◦ Screening

◦ Caulking

Cultural changes

◦ Using storage containers

◦ Trash handling

◦ Modifying food access

◦ Minimizing materials


◦ Mowing heights

◦ Watering regimen

◦ Fertilizer selection

◦ Rock and mulch barriers

◦ Plant selection and maintenance

Ask them how they treat pest problems.

◦ They need to identify the pest

Ask them about the products they use

◦ They should provide MSDS info on chemicals used

Don ’ t expect a PCO to ” do it all.

◦ Pest management in your school depends on all school staff

Depends on how you are measuring costs?





Effectiveness of program, safety in pesticide reduction, reduction in illness

Time, materials costs, routine monitoring

The future of School IPM

◦ 5 year plan to implement “ Verifiable ” School

Integrated Pest Management Programs

◦ EPA is developing national standards for IPM so understanding of the program expands and is consistent

◦ R8 – Support and expand the number of schools who are implementing “ verifiable IPM ”

Bleach - - Ammonia - - Acetone

VelRey Lozano, IPM Coordinator

EPA Region 8 (8P-P3T)

1595 Wynkoop Street

Denver, CO 80202-1129



How to identify bed bugs


How to solve problem/What to do


“ Only “ dirty people ” get bed bugs.

“ Bed bugs are only found in places like apartments where people are crowded together ”

“ Bed bugs are only a problem for low – income people.

Adult bed bugs are visible to the naked eye

They are brown and about ¼ – 3/8 ” long when full - grown.

In the nymph stages, bed bugs are whitish and smaller, but they are still often visible.

They don't fly, but they are adept crawlers, and they move FAST! –They scatter quickly if they ’ re disturbed

Your school needs to decide upon and develop a bed bug awareness program.

Providing identification information is the best info to provide.

The biggest issue with bed bugs in schools is ostracizing students if they are suspected of having bed bugs.


Heat treatment

Steam treatment