The Articles of Confederation

advertisement
Chapter #9
Creating a Nation
NOTES
The Articles of
Confederation
In reference to the
Articles of
Confederation:
The Articles are “a
shadow without
substance”—George
Washington
Chapter #9
Creating a Nation
NOTES
Systems of Government
System
The Articles of
Confederation
What level has
power?
Shared (National
Federal System
and State)
Page 1
Unitary System
National
Confederate
System
State
Chapter #9
Creating a Nation
NOTES
The Articles of
Confederation
Page 2
Setting up a Government
-As war in the colonies began, the “new”
nation had to find a way to organize itself
-John Dickinson was the primary author of
the Articles of Confederation
-The A.O.C. established a weak national
government, where states had sovereignty
-States held elections every year—as a way
to avoid abuses of power
What the Articles Did
-Created a loose alliance of states
-This national Congress had the power to:
1. Declare War
2. Raise an Army and Navy
3. Make Treaties
Chapter #9
Creating a Nation
NOTES
The Articles of
Confederation
Page 3
(continued)
4. Borrow Money
5. Establish Post Office
6. Conduct business with Native
Americans
The Weaknesses of the Articles
-The Continental Congress had no power
over individuals or state governments
-The Articles lacked a court system to handle
disputes amongst states
-States had one vote in congress, meaning
that larger states had less representation in
congress than did smaller states
-The C.C. had no power to collect taxes,
leaving them broke and powerless
Chapter #9
Creating a Nation
NOTES
The Articles of
Confederation
Page 4
The Articles Create Problems
-Needed 9 of 13 votes to pass a law (~70%)
-Needed 13 of 13 votes to amend the A.O.C.
-National laws had to be enforced by states
-The national government had a vast debt
-States argued over boundaries, currency and
trade
-Overseas the reputation of the U.S. suffered
-Britain still had troops in U.S. territory
Chapter
Chapter#9
Creating a Nation
NOTES
The Articles of
Confederation
Page 5
The Land Ordinance of 1785
-The Land Ordinance
of 1785 was passed to
help deal with the
surveying, sale and
settling of the
Northwest Territories
-The Northwest
Ordinance (1787)
made provisions for
governing the new
territories
Chapter
Chapter#9
Creating a Nation
NOTES
The Articles of
Confederation
The Land Ordinance of 1785 (CONT.)
-Prior to 1783, settlers merely claimed land
in the West
-Disputes (often violent) became common
amongst settlers
-As a result, and to raise money, the United
States Congress passed the Land
Ordinance of 1785
-It stated:
1. Land would be surveyed and divided into
townships
2. Each township would be 6 miles square
Page 6
Chapter
Chapter#9
Creating a Nation
NOTES
The Articles of
Confederation
The Land Ordinance of 1785 (CONT.)
3. Each township would contain 36 sections
4. Each section would be 1 mile square,
containing 640 acres
5. Congress stipulated that land would be
sold at auction for a minimum of $1.00
per acre
6. The revenue from the sale of one section in
each township would be used to fund the
creation of a public school
Page 7
-To attract land speculators, Congress
required speculators purchase one whole
section, dividing it for sale later
Chapter
Chapter#9
Creating a Nation
NOTES
The Articles of
Confederation
Page 8
Taylor County
Chapter
Chapter#9
Creating a Nation
NOTES
The Articles of
Confederation
Page 9
Range and Township
-Every “cell” (township) in the grid is
identified by a township and range
-The range number identifies how many
cells the property is to the east or west of a
starting point or principal meridian
Chapter
Chapter#9
Creating a Nation
NOTES
The Articles of
Confederation
Page 10
Chapter
Chapter#9
Creating a Nation
NOTES
The Articles of
Confederation
Range and Township
-The legal description of range is “R18E”
-The township (or tier) number identifies
how many cells the property is north or south
of a starting point or the baseline
-Only northern
townships/tiers can
exist in Wisconsin as
the baseline is the
southern boundary of
the state
Page 11
-The legal description
of township is
“T32N”
Chapter
Chapter#9
Creating a Nation
NOTES
The Articles of
Confederation
Range and Township (CONT.)
-Where range and township/tier intersect
creates a “cell” or a township
-Sections (1 of 36) are arranged in a
boustrophedonic manor “as the cow plows”
-This was done for ease of surveying
Page 12
Chapter
Chapter#9
Further Division
Creating a Nation
NOTES
The Articles of
Confederation
-Each section is divided into quarters
(quadrants), classified by the four principal
directions (Southwest—SW)
-Quarters are ½ mile by ½ mile or 160
acres
Page 13
Chapter
Chapter#9
Further Division (CONT.)
Creating a Nation
NOTES
The Articles of
Confederation
-Each quarter is divided into quarterquarter sections, classified by the four
principal directions (Southwest—SW)
-Quarter-quarters are ¼ mile by 1/4 mile or
40 acres
Page 14
Chapter
Chapter#9
Further Division (CONT.)
Creating a Nation
NOTES
The Articles of
Confederation
Page 15
-Each quarter-quarter is divided into half
sections, classified by either North or South
-Half quarter-quarter sections are ¼ mile
by 1/8 mile or 20 acres
Chapter
Chapter#9
Creating a Nation
NOTES
The Articles of
Confederation
Page 16
Legal Description
-Descriptions are stated and read from
smallest parcel to largest, however best
interpreted from largest to smallest (the last
descriptor to the first)
Download
Related flashcards

History of India

20 cards

History of Japan

20 cards

History

17 cards

History of Israel

21 cards

History of Jerusalem

18 cards

Create Flashcards