OUTCOMES OF THE AFRICA DEVELOPMENT FORUM VII ON CLIMATE CHANGE WITH A FOCUS ON GENDER AND YOUTH-: THE WAY FORWARD
SANDRA ZAWEDDE June 28. 2011
Why a Pre-Africa Development Forum (ADF) on Climate Change and Vulnerability ?
Can we address vulnerability if we don’t understand the issues?
• Increased pressure from Africa’s fast growing, youthful & urbanized population • Increased disparities, decreased health, increased migration, affected livelihoods, food insecurity, & access to education etc • Climate change impacts economic and social development
• 2/3 of world’s youth lack sanitation- WHO, 2006. • App. 20 to 50% youth in African lack access to improved sanitation facilities. • In Ethiopia and Kenya respectively, children< 5 were 36 and 50 percent more likely to be malnourished • In Niger children <= 2 were 72% more likely to be stunted if born during a drought (UNDP, 2007 HDR).
• Food insecurity, decreased livelihoods. women own less than 10% of agricultural land • Increased migration • Dropout rates of school age girls • Increased early marriages • Increased sexual violence in emergency camps
Now that ADF is over: Way forward on the general ADF Outcomes
• Inputs in relevant international previous processes like Cancun and Rio+20 • Africa’s common negotiating position in other fora e.g. COP 17 • Basis for the preparation of an Action Plan on Climate Change
What steps are being taken / could be taken to reduce the vulnerability of women and youth?
• Support to the ClimDev-Africa Programme • Allocate climate change funds through the Africa Green Fund.
• Mainstream climate change concerns into NDPs led by the, COMEF.
• Gender and child-centered, ecosystem-based approach in climate change adaptation and mitigation • Joint secretariat to strengthen Africa’s participation in International negotiations and enhance capacity
Some Progress and Actions taken thus far
• Continental climate-change programmes and initiatives endorsed by AU Summit: – ClimDev-Africa Programme – Great Green Wall of the Sahel and Sahara – African Monitoring of the Environment for Sustainable Development (AMESD) Programme; • The Africa Climate Policy Centre (ACPC) to support effective implementation of Clim-Dev Africa Programme.
• The Africa Green Fund
Look out for the major achievements and gaps and challenges in ensuring adequate attention to gender perspectives in these climate change efforts
• Economic challenges • Financing climate change • Governance and leadership: • Participation: Representation is inadequate
What are the critical issues for youth and women in financing or addressing financing of climate change at national and local levels?
What steps are being taken / could be taken to increase the participation of youth and women in decision-making on climate change at different levels ? What good practice examples can be provided?
• Implement existing commitments • Mainstream Climate change into HSD • Strengthen population dynamics and programming in climate change responses • Research and Capacity Building, South to south- UNECA/ACGS research to-date
What steps are being taken / could be taken to mainstream gender perspectives? What good practice examples can be provided?
Look at opportunities presented • Innovation e.g. Agriculture- fertilizers, genetic engineering, dri-water, hydroponics.
• Green economy- green jobs • Opportunity to reform education systems • Solving Africa’s energy problems • International cooperation • Policy Integration- as a way of efficient resource mobilization and utilization.
Context is crucial and critical thinking is necessary.