Theory: uses

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FUTURE TENSES:

Future tenses • There are four “future tenses” in English: o Future simple o Future continuous o Future perfect simple o Future perfect continuous

Future tenses • But there are other verb forms and tenses we use to talk about the future: o Be going to o Present simple o Present continuous o Might/ May

Future simple : uses I think he’ll fail the exam.

Why are we using the future simple here?

Future simple : uses FUTURE PREDICTIONS WITHOUT EVIDENCE

Future simple : uses I’ll go to bed now.

I’ll pay you back tomorrow.

I’ll give you a hand with the washing-up.

Why are we using the future simple here?

Future simple : uses FUTURE INTENTION/DECISION MADE AT THE MOMENT OF SPEAKING.

So it’s used with: - promises: I’ll pay you back tomorrow.

- offers: I’ll give you a hand with the washing-up.

Shall I help you?

- suggestions: Shall we go to the cinema tonight?

- requests: Will you marry me?

- refusals: I won’t tell you anything.

Future simple : uses The sun will rise at 6.30 tomorrow.

Christmas day will fall on Tuesday this year.

Why are we using the future simple here?

Future simple : uses FUTURE FACTS The present simple is also possible: The sun rises at 6.30 tomorrow.

Christmas day falls on Tuesday this year.

Future simple : uses If I pass this exam, I’ll have a party.

Why are we using the future simple here?

Future simple : uses IN FIRST CONDITIONAL CLAUSES (in the main clause)

Future continuous

: uses Come round in the morning. I’ll be painting the kitchen.

Why are we using the future continuous here?

Future continuous

: uses ACTIVITIES WHICH WILL BE IN PROGRESS IN THE FUTURE

Future continuous

: uses Come round whenever you like. I’ll be looking after the kids all day.

Why are we using the future continuous here?

Future continuous

: uses UNPLANNED ACTIVITIES WHICH WILL BE IN PROGRESS IN THE FUTURE (the activity is normally done so it’s predicted to be happening in the future)

Future perfect simple : uses

By

next Christmas we’ll have been here for 8 years.

The builders will have finished the roof

by

Saturday.

Why are we using the future perfect here?

Future perfect simple : use ACTIVITIES THAT WILL HAVE (NOT) FINISHED BEFORE A FUTURE TIME

Future perfect continuous

: use

By

the end of next month I’ll have been living here

for ten years

.

Why are we using the future perfect continuous here?

Future perfect continuous

:use ACTIVITIES THAT WILL HAVE (NOT) FINISHED BEFORE A FUTURE TIME (= future perfect, but there is emphasis on how long the activity will have been going on) By the end of next month I’ll have been living here

for ten years

.

Future tenses • There are other verb forms and tenses we use to talk about the future: o Be going to o Present simple o Present continuous o Might/ May

Be going to

: uses Sandra’s going to have another baby in June.

Look at the sky. It’s going to rain.

Why are we using the be going to form here?

Be going to

: uses FUTURE PREDICTIONS WITH EVIDENCE

Be going to

: uses A: What are you going to do when you finish school?

B: I’m going to work for my father.

Why are we using the be going to form here?

Be going to

: uses PREMEDITATED FUTURE INTENTION/DECISION

Present simple : uses The plane leaves at 5.00.

The sun rises at 5.20 tomorrow.

Why are we using the present simple here?

Present simple : uses IN FUTURE FIXED EVENTS ON A TIMETABLE, CALENDAR, ETC.

Present simple : uses When you arrive, phone me.

If I pass this exam, I’ll have a party.

Why are we using the present simple here?

Present simple : uses TO REFER TO FUTURE TIME: - IN TIME CLAUSES - IN FIRST CONDITIONALS

Present continuous

: uses I’m meeting Bill at 4.30.

We’re staying in a small hotel for a week.

Why are we using the present continuous here?

Present continuous

: uses FUTURE PERSONAL PLANS (=

be going to

for premeditated intentions)

MAY/ MIGHT : uses Take your umbrella. It may/might rain. Why are we using may/might here?

MAY/ MIGHT : uses FUTURE POSSIBILITY

FUTURE TENSES

Created by: Carmen Luisa Pérez Amaro

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