Dark Side of the 1920s

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The Dark Side of the 1920s
• Intolerance: Unwillingness or refusal to
respect contrary opinions or beliefs,
persons of different races or
backgrounds, etc.
Examples of Intolerance
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Fear of communism (Red Scare)
Execution of Sacco and Vanzetti
Quota system (limits on immigration)
Prohibition (making alcohol illegal)
Organized crime
Rise of the KKK
The Scopes (Monkey) Trial
POLITICAL SPECTRUM
DEMOCRATS
REPUBLICANS
LEFT WING
RIGHT WING
LIBERAL
RADICAL
CONSERVATIVE
MODERATE
RADICAL
REVOLUTIONARY:
REACTIONARY:
Wants drastic change
and believes it requires
drastic action (revolution)
Wants to go back
to the way things
were
RUSSIAN REVOLUTION
Vladimir Lenin
Vladimir Lenin leads the
Bolsheviks in a revolution against
Czar Nicholas II. The czar’s family
is killed and the Bolsheviks
establish the first communist
country in the world.
Joseph Stalin
ANARCHISM
The belief that there should
be NO government.
Sacco and Vanzetti
RED SCARE
Sacco and Vanzetti
Two Italian
immigrants and
anarchists who
were accused
of murder and
put to death.
Fear of communism and
anarchism in the United
States after the Russian
Revolution of 1917, especially
with regards to European
immigrants to the United
States.
Attorney General
A. Mitchell Palmer
Led raids to
round up
anarchists ,
socialists, and
communists for
the purpose of
deporting
them.
Sacco and Vanzetti
• Who were they and what
happened to them?
• What is an “anarchist”?
• How is their story an
example of intolerance
in the 1920s?
The Red Scare and Palmer Raids
• Who was A. Mitchell Palmer?
What did he do?
• What’s so scary about “red”?
• How is the “Red Scare and the
Palmer Raids” an example of
intolerance in the 1920s?
The Quota System
• What is a “quota”?
• What was the “quota
system” and what
issue did it address?
• How was the quota
system an example of
intolerance in the
1920s?
The Quota System
PROHIBITON
Speakeasy
The 18th Amendment to
the Constitution is passed,
which makes illegal the
sales and distribution of
alcoholic beverages.
Al Capone
It created a market for illegal alcohol (bootleggers, speakeasies, and organized crime)
Prohibition and Organized Crime
• What was Prohibition?
• What constitutional
amendment created
it?
• How was Prohibition
an example of
intolerance in the
1920s?
The Reemergence of the KKK
• Why did the KKK all of
sudden become popular
again in the 1920s?
• How was the new KKK
different than the old KKK?
• How was the KKK an example
of intolerance in the 1920s?
Northern Response to the Great
Migration
• How did whites in
the North respond to
the influx of blacks to
Northern cities?
• How was this an
example of
intolerance in the
1920s?
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