The Dark Side of the 1920s • Intolerance: Unwillingness or refusal to respect contrary opinions or beliefs, persons of different races or backgrounds, etc. Examples of Intolerance • • • • • • • Fear of communism (Red Scare) Execution of Sacco and Vanzetti Quota system (limits on immigration) Prohibition (making alcohol illegal) Organized crime Rise of the KKK The Scopes (Monkey) Trial POLITICAL SPECTRUM DEMOCRATS REPUBLICANS LEFT WING RIGHT WING LIBERAL RADICAL CONSERVATIVE MODERATE RADICAL REVOLUTIONARY: REACTIONARY: Wants drastic change and believes it requires drastic action (revolution) Wants to go back to the way things were RUSSIAN REVOLUTION Vladimir Lenin Vladimir Lenin leads the Bolsheviks in a revolution against Czar Nicholas II. The czar’s family is killed and the Bolsheviks establish the first communist country in the world. Joseph Stalin ANARCHISM The belief that there should be NO government. Sacco and Vanzetti RED SCARE Sacco and Vanzetti Two Italian immigrants and anarchists who were accused of murder and put to death. Fear of communism and anarchism in the United States after the Russian Revolution of 1917, especially with regards to European immigrants to the United States. Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer Led raids to round up anarchists , socialists, and communists for the purpose of deporting them. Sacco and Vanzetti • Who were they and what happened to them? • What is an “anarchist”? • How is their story an example of intolerance in the 1920s? The Red Scare and Palmer Raids • Who was A. Mitchell Palmer? What did he do? • What’s so scary about “red”? • How is the “Red Scare and the Palmer Raids” an example of intolerance in the 1920s? The Quota System • What is a “quota”? • What was the “quota system” and what issue did it address? • How was the quota system an example of intolerance in the 1920s? The Quota System PROHIBITON Speakeasy The 18th Amendment to the Constitution is passed, which makes illegal the sales and distribution of alcoholic beverages. Al Capone It created a market for illegal alcohol (bootleggers, speakeasies, and organized crime) Prohibition and Organized Crime • What was Prohibition? • What constitutional amendment created it? • How was Prohibition an example of intolerance in the 1920s? The Reemergence of the KKK • Why did the KKK all of sudden become popular again in the 1920s? • How was the new KKK different than the old KKK? • How was the KKK an example of intolerance in the 1920s? Northern Response to the Great Migration • How did whites in the North respond to the influx of blacks to Northern cities? • How was this an example of intolerance in the 1920s?