The Use of Time

Richard Lewis:
When Cultures
Collide: Leading
across Cultures
4. The Use of Time
5. Bridging the
Communication Gap
7. Status, Leadership and
The Use of Time
How does the author describe the difference
between linear and multi-active use of time?
Give examples of problems that may occur in
business meetings when participants view
time differently.
Which individual cultures are the most
concerned with “time-keeping”? How does
Mr. Lewis describe the American concept of
The Use of Time
 Explain
the concept of cyclic time.
 Describe
the way the Chinese view time.
Why does the author refer to this as “a
double standard”?
 How
 Do
do the Japanese relate to time?
you think cultures generally will have a
more linear-oriented concept of time in
the future? Why/ why not?
Bridging the Communication Gap
 Language
is a powerful tool. According to
Mr Lewis, how do the French and the
English use their languages? Do you
accept this view?
 How
does he describe the Spanish/ Italian
use of language as compared to German
communication style?
 How
are the Scandinavians seen as similar
– and different – in their use of language?
Bridging the Communication Gap
 How
does the author contrast American
and British use of language? (See Comp.
pages 39-40, 49-50)
 How
does the Japanese language differ
from most other languages?
 Mr.
Lewis emphasizes that different
cultures “use different speech styles,
wielding their language in the national
manner...”. What effect does this have
when people of different nationalities use
English as a lingua franca then?
Communication Patterns
 Compare
the French and German
communication patterns used at
meetings (Comp. p. 43)How different
are they?
 How
do English and Swedish
communication patterns differ?
 Compare
UK, US and Japanese
listening habits. Which cultures would
be the better match?
The Language of Management
 How
would you compare the German
and the Japanese languages of
 According
to Mr. Lewis, the Arabic and
Russian languages also have some key
characteristics that we should know
about. Which?
Status, Leadership and Organization
 Sum
up the author’s view of the
intercultural competence of ”the Big Five”
and the challenges he sees in the 21st
 Summarize
the main differences between
the German, French, and British concepts
of leadership.
 To
what extent does the Swedish concept
of leadership differ from the American
Status, Leadership and Organization
 What
is a crucial element of leadership in
 How
has Confucianism influenced the
concept of leadership in Asia?
 According
to the author, is the Asian
”family model” efficient, and will it be
adopted in the West? Why/ why not?
 Closing