Self-Concept and Self-Esteem in Human Relations

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Chapter 2
1
Learning Objectives

Define Self-Concept
Identify the four areas of Self-Concept
Describe the real and ideal selves
Explain the importance of pleasing yourself and others
Define Self-Esteem
Discuss the relationship between the self-esteem and work performance
Distinguish among different types of self-esteem
Explain the origins of your self-esteem
2
What is Self-Concept?

 the way you see yourself
3
The Four Parts of Self-Concept

Ideal Self
LookingGlass
Self
Real Self
Self-Image
4
Ideal Self

 Your vision of your
future self.
 Realistic
 Attainable
5
Looking-Glass Self

 How you assume
others see you
6
Self-Image

 The way you truly feel
about yourself
7
Real-Self

 How you really are
when nobody is around
8
Focusing on the Real & Ideal Selves

 Carl Rogers (psychologist) said
 Ideal self comes from messages your receive from
your environment about what you SHOULD be like
 The Ideal self may be different than the Real self
 People feel bad about themselves
 Pay more attention to your Real self and adjust your
Ideal self to fit reality
9
Pleasing Yourself and
Pleasing Others

 Many people like to please others.
 women more than men
 Girls grow up with media messages that they are
valued for their physical appearance.
 Having a healthy self-concept means not allowing
yourself to be a slave to other people’s opinions.
10
What is Self-Esteem?

 what an individual believes himself or herself to be
capable, sufficient and worthy of
11

Exploring Your
Self-Esteem
Activity
12
Is Self-Esteem and Work
Performance Attached?

 Business success depends greatly on one’s level of
self-esteem
13
Is Self-Esteem and Work
Performance Attached?

 A person with lower
self-esteem experiences:





Anxiety
Depression
Irritability
Aggression
Feelings of resentment
 A person with a healthy
self-esteem is:
 Open and ready for
new experiences
 Useful and adaptable
at work
 Objective and
constructive in
problem tackling
 A valuable and
satisfied employee
14
Two Types of SelfEsteem

Self-Worth
 Positive or negative
feelings
Self-Efficacy
 Confidence an
individual has in their
ability to deal with
problems when they
occur
15
Where does Self-Esteem
Come From?

Starts from early childhood messages
Evolves through experiences and people that influence you
•Parents, Teachers, Coaches, Friends, Classmates, Siblings, Neighbors
16
Where does Self-Esteem
Come From?

Unconditional Positive
Regard
 Acceptance of
individuals as worthy
and valuable regardless
of their behavior
Conditional Positive
Regard
 Acceptance of
individuals as worthy
only when they behave
in a certain way
17
Strategies for Success

1. Take steps toward achieving a higher self-esteem
2. Take steps toward combating low self-esteem by
defeating the pathological critic
18
Steps toward achieving
a higher self-esteem

Learn to
accept
yourself
Read
biographies
of people
you admire
Develop a
winning
skill
Develop an
internal
locus of
control
Study
confident
people
Make a list
of your
greatest
talents
19

Testing Your
Locus of
Control Activity
20
Steps toward achieving
a higher self-esteem

Avoid surface
analysis of
yourself and
others
Stop
procrastinating
Find a mentor
Don’t forget
the needs of
others
Use positive
self-talk
21
Steps toward combating low selfesteem by defeating the pathological
critic

22
Summary

 Self-concept is the foundation of all thoughts, including
one’s self-esteem.
 Self-concept is divided into four parts: the self-image, real
self, looking-glass self, and ideal self.
 Self-esteem is defined as the extent to which an individual
believes oneself to be capable, sufficient, and worthy.
 The two types of self esteem are self-worth and selfefficacy.
 With a healthy self-concept and high self-esteem you can
become an effective manager of other people, and become
someone whom others listen to and respect.
23
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