Unit 15 Planning and Management of Major Incidents Lesson Three (P3, M2) Introduction Hi everyone ............. Today we are going to look at what the effects are of major incidents on people and places. A disaster effects lots of people in all kinds of ways. Major Incident in York Right Now!!! http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-19725625 Today's Lesson!!! Effects of Major Incidents on People, Places and Communities!!! Major Incidents Whenever you have a major incident there are lots of people affected by it. Two types: Directly Affected: (At the time) - Individuals - Rescue Workers - Communities - Environment Major Incidents Also people can be indirectly affected by a major incident: -Local communities can be destroyed. -Loss of tourism, trade and business. -Long Term Changes to Environments. -Changes in Politics -Discrimination -War and Conflicts. The Direct Effects of a Major Incident 1. Individuals The first people who are effected by a major incident are the individuals involved within the incident. People can be killed, injured, lose their homes, businesses, the environment can be polluted and contaminated. Boscastle Floods 2004 Boscastle Floods in 2004. The floods happened in Cornwall. Flash Floods!!! In the flash floods at Boscastle the flooding caused direct damage to those Individuals whose houses or businesses were ruined by flood water. Tourism in the area was massively affected and shops and businesses destroyed. In Pictures......... Boscastle Floods 2004 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZjOEdeAAyA4 Sum Up for the Floods http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yt8dix5j6pY The Rescue Operation. So who was DIRECTLY INVOLVED???? Boscastle 2004: Indirectly Affected Local Town Local Town Boscastle The Sea So in Boscastle ...... Properties within the town were destroyed. Trees were uprooted and farmland destroyed. Bridges collapsed and cars and buildings were washed into the sea. Environmental damage from cars and sewage. Write down the individuals who were affected in this Major Incident? Class Work 9/11 The Attack on the Twin Towers What have been the Direct and Indirect impacts of 9/11? The Effects of 9/11 Direct: Casualties, Impacts on the Rescue Workers, Damage to the City, Environmental damage caused by the destruction of the towers. Indirect: Conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, Security Changes, Social Changes, Redesign of Planes and Buildings, Discrimination, Fear, Secret War on Terrorism. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t2O92H7MRuY Direct Affects of a Major Incident 2. Effects on Rescue Workers In many major incidents there are many different rescue workers involved. Many people In Major Incidents can be dead, badly injured, burned or trapped under wreckage. Casualties include Men, women and children. Rescue Workers Rescue workers have not only got to witness these terrible scenes but also try and help these casualties. Frustration of loosing people. Little time is given to how the Rescue workers are feeling and many experience trauma or PTSD as a result. Many can become unfit for duty. In Pictures ....... How do these images make you feel? Direct Affects of a Major Incident Loss of Law and Order With any major incident there is so much strain placed on the UPS. Also lots of resources are needed and so as a result there can be a breakdown in law and order. Increases in theft and looting. Direct Affects of a Major Incident Loss of Power and Utilities In many major incidents, gas, electric and water supplies can be cut off or damaged. This creates further problems as the rescue operation is slowed. Further disasters can also be created. Disease The final major impact of major incidents on communities is the increased spread of disease. Disease is spread quickly by unclean areas and areas who have lost power and clean water. Floods also spill huge amounts of waste into the environment. Typhoid becomes more common. Pakistan!! Foot and Mouth 2001 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1PtSTo0Sb-o Watch this video and think about the affects of this major incident on communities, individuals and rescue workers. Create a table to show this. To sum up!! Direct Impacts: such as loss of homes, businesses, farmland, environment, loss of life or casualties. Indirect Impacts: Businesses may be forced to go out of business and so loose jobs elsewhere, tourism impacts, environmental damage, long term changes to areas or societies, indirect wars or conflicts, changes in politics.