# Lesson 4 - International Time Zones

```Key Terms &amp; Points to Remember:
Prime Meridian – the 0ο° line of longitude that passes through Greenwich in London. It
runs from the North Pole to the South Pole and is called the Greenwich Meridian.
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) – What is it?
When the sun is directly over the prime meridian, the time is 12 noon GMT. All other
time zones are measured from this.
Time Zones – the Earth is divided into time zones and each zone has a difference
of approx 1 hour from Greenwich.
International Date Line - the 180ο° line of longitude that runs from the North Pole
to the South Pole on the opposite side of the globe to the Greenwich Meridian.
What is the significance of the International Date Line?
When travelling east, if you cross the International Date Line, you move into a new
time zone and into the previous day on the calendar.
It takes 24 hours for the earth to complete one full rotation of 360ο°
360
Therefore, every 15ο° = approx 1 hr ( 24 = 15)
The Earth travels from West to East therefore West is behind East.
When calculating the GMT:
Add 1 hour for each time zone East of Greenwich
Subtract 1 hour for each time zone West of Greenwich.
To calculate time in different time zones you need to know the Coordinated
Universal Time (UTC) or GMT adjustment for each zone.
There is a formula that can be followed when calculating the times in different
zones.
ππππ ππ π§πππ π΅ = ππππ ππ π§πππ π΄ − πΊπππ΄ + πΊπππ΅
It is also important to use 24-hour times in your calculations.
To find the correct time zone for a particular city/country, you need to refer to a
World Time Zone Map.
This is an example of a World Time Zone Map sourced from
The GMT/UTC is recorded at the bottom of each time zone for reference.
Example A:
If it is 4.30pm in Wellington, New Zealand , what time is it in Brisbane?
ππππ ππ π§πππ π΅ = ππππ ππ π§πππ π΄ − πΊπππ΄ + πΊπππ΅
ππππ ππ π΅πππ ππππ = ππππππππ‘ππ π‘πππ − πΊπππ + πΊπππ΅πππ
= 16: 30 − +12: 00 + +10: 00
= 4.30 + 10: 00
= 14:30 = 2.30pm
∴ πβππ ππ‘ ππ  4.30 ππ ππ ππππππππ‘ππ, ππ‘ ππ  2.30 ππ ππ π΅πππ ππππ
Let’s try another example:
If it is 3.30PM in San Francisco on Sunday , what time is it in Brisbane?
ππππ ππ π§πππ π΅ = ππππ ππ π§πππ π΄ − πΊπππ΄ + πΊπππ΅
ππππ ππ π΅πππ ππππ = πππ πΉπππ π‘πππ − πΊπππππ πΉπππ + πΊπππ΅πππ
= 15: 30 − −8: 00 + +10: 00
= 23: 30 + 10: 00
= 33:30 = 1 day + 09:30 hrs
∴ πβππ ππ‘ ππ  3.30 ππ ππ πππ πΉππππππ ππ ππ ππ’ππππ¦, ππ‘ ππ  9.30 ππ ππ π΅πππ ππππ ππ ππππππ¦
It is Monday in Brisbane because we have crossed the international date line.
This concludes our lesson on International Time Zones
Now try the worksheet, using the link to the Time Zone Map to work out the
GMT values you will need in your calculations.
These can then be checked by accessing the Time Converter Link Provided on the
wiki page.
```