Breaking Down the Argument

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Breaking Down the Argument
Step 1: Identify the conclusion
Step 2: Identify the given premises
Step 3: Identify the implied premises
Breaking Down the Argument
Step 1: Identify the conclusion.
• Words like hence, thus, so, and therefore signal the
conclusion.
• Words like because or since signal premises.
No reptiles have fur, and since all snakes are reptiles
it follows that no snakes have fur
Conclusion=
Eat your peas because they are good for you.
Conclusion=
Breaking Down the Argument
Step 1: Identify the conclusion.
• Words like hence, thus, so, and therefore signal the
conclusion.
• Words like because or since signal premises.
No reptiles have fur, and since all snakes are reptiles
it follows that no snakes have fur
Conclusion= No snakes have fur
Eat your peas because they are good for you.
Conclusion= You should eat your peas.
Step 1: Identify the Conclusion
The student did not do the homework, therefore he is lazy.
Conclusion=
Bill must be a basketball player because he is tall.
Conclusion=
You’re a vegetarian? You do realize that Hitler was a
vegetarian, too?
Conclusion=
Dan White ate a lot of Twinkies and then killed the
Mayor of San Francisco. If I were a mayor, I’d ban
Twinkies so no one would kill me.
Conclusion=
Step 1: Identify the Conclusion
The student did not do the homework, therefore he is lazy.
Conclusion= He is lazy
Bill must be a basketball player because he is tall.
Conclusion= Basketball players are tall
You’re a vegetarian? You do realize that Hitler was a
vegetarian, too?
Conclusion= You shouldn’t be a vegetarian
Dan White ate a lot of Twinkies and then killed the
Mayor of San Francisco. If I were a mayor, I’d ban
Twinkies so no one would kill me.
Conclusion= Twinkies cause people to commit murder.
Identify the Conclusion
M
A
Men are statistically more aggressive than
I
women. Therefore, I, a male, must be more
aggressive than you, a female.
Argument Form
Major premise:
Minor premise:
Conclusion:
Syllogism
Fill in the Argument Form and Syllogism
M
A
Men are statistically more aggressive than
I
women. Therefore, I, a male, must be more
aggressive than you, a female.
Argument Form
Syllogism
Major premise:
Minor premise:
Conclusion:
I is A
Therefore, I, a male, must be more
aggressive than you, a female.
Breaking Down the Argument
Step 1: Identify the conclusion
Step 2: Identify the Major and
Minor premises
Step 3: Identify the implied premises
Step 2: Identify the premises.
• The major premise is the claim that contains the
predicate of the conclusion (the verb and ending)
M
A
Men are statistically more aggressive than women. Therefore,
I
I, a male, must be more aggressive than you, a female
Argument Form
Major premise:
Syllogism
Men are statistically more aggressive
than women
Minor premise:
Conclusion:
Therefore; I
is A
Therefore, I, a male, must be more
aggressive than you, a female.
Step 2: Identify the premises.
• The minor premise is the claim that contains the
subject of the conclusion (the “doer” of the verb)
M
A
Men are statistically more aggressive than women. Therefore,
I
I, a male, must be more aggressive than you, a female.
Argument Form
Syllogism
Major premise: M is A
Men are statistically more aggressive
than women
Minor premise:
I am a man
Conclusion:
Therefore; I
is A
Therefore, I, a male, must be more
aggressive than you, a female.
Fill in the Argument Form and Syllogism
M
A
Men are statistically more aggressive than
I
women. Therefore, I, a male, must be more
aggressive than you, a female.
Argument Form
Syllogism
Major premise: M is A
Men are statistically more aggressive
than women
Minor premise: I is M
I am a male
Conclusion:
Therefore, I, a male, must be more
aggressive than you, a female.
Therefore; I
is A
What’s the conclusion?
If those protesters really loved their country,
then they wouldn’t question their government.
Argument Form
Major premise:
Minor premise:
Conclusion:
Syllogism
What’s the Major Premise?
P
L
If those protesters really loved their country,
they wouldn’t question their government.
Q
Argument Form
Syllogism
Major premise:
Minor premise:
Conclusion:
Those protesters do not love their
country
What’s the Minor Premise?
P
L
If those protesters really loved their country,
they wouldn’t question their government.
Q
Argument Form
Major premise: If L then
not Q
Syllogism
If you loved your government you
would not question it.
Minor premise:
Conclusion:
Therefore, P Those protesters do not love their
do not L
country
P
L
If those protesters really loved their country,
they wouldn’t question their government.
Q
Argument Form
Major premise: If L then
not Q
If you loved your government you
would not question it.
Minor premise: P is Q
Those protestors are questioning their
government
Conclusion:
Therefore, P Those protesters do not love their
is not L
country
Complete the Chart Below
Coal does not exist in infinite supply because it
is a non-renewable resource.
Argument Form
Major premise:
Minor premise:
Conclusion:
Syllogism
Fill in the Argument Form and Syllogism
C
E
Coal does not exist in infinite supply because it
is a non-renewable resource.
N
Argument Form
Syllogism
Major premise:
Minor premise:
Conclusion:
therefore all Coal does not exist in infinite
C does not E supply
Fill in the Argument Form and Syllogism
C
E
Coal does not exist in infinite supply because it
is a non-renewable resource.
N
Argument Form
Syllogism
Major premise: N do not E
All non-renewable resources do not
exist in infinite supply
Minor premise: C is N
Coal is a non-renewable resource
Conclusion:
therefore all Coal does not exist in infinite supply
C does not E
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