Relief *In-the

Unit 5
3 -Dimensional Forms
Slab Construction into Practice:
Thematic Ceramic Series
Classifications of Sculpture
*In-the –round
(*Relief and In-the-Round are the two main classifications of sculpture. )
sculpture attached to a background and mainly viewed from one side.
High Relief: the forms stand far out from the background. Under-carving.
Ara Pacis Augustae, Rome, Italy
BAS RELIEF: a sculpture technique in which figures and/or other design
elements barely stick out (overall flat) background. Also known as LOW RELIEF.
*In – the – Round
Sculpture that is fully three- dimensional and intended to be viewed from all sides.
***negative space is just as important as the positive space.
The Victory (Nike), Temple of Athena,
Ancient Greek
The Discus Thrower, Myron, Ancient Greek
Baboon and Young, Picasso, 1951
art that moves, a sculpture with a series of moving parts
(when blown by the wind or activated by electricity)
Alexander Caulder – Mobile
Rouge Triomphant
Wall sculpture created by
Clayton Boyer
This sculpture in motion
sculpture that incorporates a portion of the earth or
natural surroundings into its design.
Andrew Goldsworthy
often indoors and uses the entire space of the viewing area as
part of the design. Typically documented by photograph.
Fox Games
consists of making artistic compositions by putting together, or assembling, found objects.
Picasso, Tête de Taureau
Joe Pogan
Meret Oppenheim, Fur Cup
Other techniques to familiarize
yourself with these METHODS of
creating sculpture …
• *Additive Method – add medium to the sculpture
• *Subtractive Method – take away medium (ie carving)
• Casting and Molding - take a impression (mold) of an
sculpture or object so you have a negative image and
fill it with another material that is usually difficult to
sculpt on its own (metal, plaster, slip, plastic, fiberglass
etc). To make multiples…or for manufacturing.
• Modeling – an additive process that using your hands
to form and develop (manipulate) the material
Unit 5
Ceramic Slab Projects
Project 1 – Sgraffito: Small, simple vessel, one
color (2-4 days)
Project 2 – Relief Tile: No bigger than 10x10
(2-4 days)
Project 3 – Birdhouses: Relief and carving (1
Theme Choices:
Natural/ Realistic or Stylized
Nature – landscape, foliage, sea
Cultural – based on a specific heritage
Classical- based on Greek or Roman
Elemental Design – Abstract Design (like Zen designs)
Stay away from hobbies, sports, tv/movies, hearts & peace signs….etc.
Realistic or Natural
To give something particular flair or
artistic style
Project 1
Sgraffito Vessel
What is Sgraffito?
A decoration technique: a technique used to decorate ceramics, in which the
top layer (glaze in our case) has patterns scratched into it, revealing the
different-colored layer.
Project I
Sgraffito Vessel
Great example…
• Vessel is neat and seamless
• Work is clean and crisp
• Substantial use of line, of varying
Not good…
The base isn’t clean and even.
Seams show
Sgriffito isn’t obvious…prob because too
thin lines, where glaze melted into
Brainstorm ideas
Find references
Develop STYLIZED motifs (sketchbook V)
Decide which is best to apply to a three
dimensional object. (personal connections are
Day 1
– take turns making a slab (approx ¾ inch thick) in which you will cut out a rectangle.
– You will create your cylinder vessel. No less than 6 but more than 8 inches in height If you do
not get it done in class you will have to come in during your lunch.
– Create a base for vessel (same thickness –use scrap slab)
– You will place your vessel into the bin. I will try to get it leather hard.
- Develop and plan for the relief project (Sketchbook IV- due tomorrow)
Day 2
– Glaze only the outside, not the base. (one color – two thin coats)
– While waiting approx 10 minutes until glaze is dry, develop, research and plan for Sgraffito
design (sketchbook V – due day 3)
– Sgraffito
Day 3 & 4
Place Sgraffio Vessel on the appropriate drying rack
Roll out tile and place in bin to dry to leather hard
Work on birdhouse design.
– Ms. Strattan will bisque fire (you can still touch up areas of underglaze)
Project II: Relief Tile
Natural or Stylized representation of Mythology, Nature, Historical/
Cultural motifs.
Project II
Relief Tile
Procedure: Create a Bas – Relief, High Relief or Combo
**Composition should go “off the page”
or create complimentary border or combo
High relief
Use this method to create Vessel
Use this method for Relief and Birdhouse
Reminder: Marking Period 2 Final
Exam Coming up week of 27th
• The exam is cumulative – which means EVERYTHING
from Day 1 until end of Marking period 2
• Study all quizzes, handouts, sketchbooks.
• Review Project Presentations
• Review Art History – know most important
characteristics and be able to identify from Prehistoric
to Realism (11 more movements to go!)
• Smile…if you do well, you’re on your way to
AWESOME Regent’s Exam grade!
Unit 5 Sketchbook Assignments
Sketchbook VI: Relief Sculpture Sketches -
decide which thematic motif you would like to
develop. Find references to use and re-create in each of 6 evenly spaced and sized boxes in your
sketchbook. Pencil Only. Each should look like it took much effort and be highly developed- DUE
TOMORROW – you will work on Relief sculpture as your vessel dries.
Sketchbook V : Exploring Motif and Texture for Sgraffito Vessel decide which thematic motif
you would like to develop. Find references to use and re-create in each of 6 evenly spaced
RECTANGLE boxes that are sized 2” x4” (to replicate the slab we will be sgraffito) in your
sketchbook. Pencil Only. Each should look like it took much effort and be highly developed- DUE
the day you will start sgraffito – after glazing.
Sketchbook VII: Slab Construction Birdhouse minimum 6 thumbnails to develop a minimum of 2
different ideas. Do thumbnails ahead of time if you value my opinion. After deciding final idea that best fulfills
the assignment, render Front, side and rear view to fill at least 2 pages. Value implies form.
Sketchbook VII: Types of Sculpture Visual Vocabulary
In-The-Round * Kinetic * Installation * Environmental * Assemblage * Relief
Find references of each type of sculpture, print, cut, and paste into sketchbook.
Each artwork must include a credit line (artist, date, medium, title, etc.) written small, under the image .
Label each type of sculpture and characteristics….use this powerpoint for defs.
Decorate it…use INTERESTING font style…color , etc…make it fun to look at!
5 points for exemplary visual appeal and content