Maslow’s Hierarchy of Human Needs Abraham Harold Maslow “According to Maslow's theory, all needs have a certain priority. Needs of one level must at least partially fulfilled before a person can realize higher needs.” (Ryder/Decker, 391) What are Maslow’s Human Needs? Can you guess what Maslow’s levels of needs are? Self-actualization Esteem Needs Love and Acceptance Needs Safety and Security Needs Physical Needs Physical needs What did Maslow mean by physical needs? Food Water Air Shelter Clothing What physical needs do every person have? These items are essential for good health and wellbeing, and for continuation of life. Physical needs In your learning log, consider these questions? Write your answers in complete sentences. Are you meeting these needs for your well being and good health? Who provides these needs for you? Could you provide these needs for a baby? Safety and Security Needs Staying well, avoiding being ill How do these Avoiding danger safety and security needs relate to you? Safe circumstances Stability Protection Structure, for order, some limits Safety and Security Needs In the ordinary American adult, this set of needs manifests itself in the form of our urges to have a home in a safe neighborhood, a little job security and a nest egg, a good retirement plan and a bit of insurance, and so on. Which of these are met for you? Which of these needs could you provide for a baby? Love and Acceptance Needs Friends, sweetheart, children, affectionate relationships in general, even a sense of community What are some examples of love and acceptance you see in your life? The Esteem needs Self-esteem The need for the respect of others, the need for status, fame, glory, recognition, attention, reputation, appreciation, dignity, even dominance. Self-respect Confidence, competence, achievement, mastery, independence, and freedom Self-actualization According to Maslow, only a small percentage of the world’s population is truly, predominantly, self-actualizing. Can you think of people who fit into the self-actualization category? Self-actualization Knowledge and appreciation of beauty, goodness, freedom and a realistic view and acceptance of self and others. Reality-centered, differentiate what is fake and dishonest from what is real and genuine. Problem-centered, treating life’s difficulties as problems demanding solutions, not as personal troubles to be railed at or surrendered to. Different perception of means and ends, felt that the ends don’t necessarily justify the means, that the means could be ends themselves, and that the means -- the journey -- was often more important than the ends.