Initial VET and NQF in Romania

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Claudia Calinescu
National Centre for Technical and Vocational Education and
Training Development
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The mission of the NCTVETD is to contribute to
the development of a qualitative and attractive
Technical and Vocational Education and
Training (TVET), offering equal chances of
personal and professional development to each
student so that to make that person able to
work and to continue its lifelong learning, to be
able to contribute as a TVET graduate to the
economic development of its community, to
consolidation of the Romanian democratic
society.
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To assure both the relevance of the TVET developments
in the perspective of the strategic, economic and social
needs of the Romanian economy and society and the
correlation between national approaches and European
and international measures
To contribute to the methodological developments
referring to: the educational supply planning, the
development of schools’ institutional capacity, the
organization and development of the teaching-learning
process, the students’ training examination and
certification and the TVET quality assurance
To promote social partnership for TVET development
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Through formal education and training,
technical and vocational education (VET),
medium- and long-term oriented, part of
ongoing training pathways
Through apprenticeship at the workplace,
short-term oriented, depending on the
needs of employers
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to serve the interests of young people and adults from
the perspective of lifelong learning by increasing the
attractiveness
to respond and, especially, to anticipate the needs and
changes on the labor market
to provide relevant qualifications for the labor market
to integrate academic and vocational training
to allow flexible entry and exit in and from the system
to enable a quality training
to integrate school learning with workplace learning
to provide professional skills that enable mobility and
labor market flexibility
to provide equal opportunities for all learners, including
those with SEN
European and National Tools:
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National Law of Education
National Qualifications Framework correlated with the
European Qualifications Framework
The European Credit system for Vocational Education and
Training (ECVET)
European Reference Framework for Quality Assurance in
Vocational Education and Training
EUROPASS documents
2020 EU Strategy
2010 Bruges Communicate
According to the law:
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High school education is focused on developing and
diversifying the skills and training of key competencies
according to the route, profile, expertise and skills.
Education and training are described as being a coherent and
continuous overall of learning activities and experiences
during the educational and formative route.
VET consists of: vocational, technical and secondary
education.
VET qualifications can be arranged for the National Register
of qualifications, regularly updated, according to labor
market needs as identified by strategic planning documents
of the regional, county and local training offer.
National Qualifications Framework is defined as a tool for
establishing qualifications, based on a set of criteria for
specified levels of learning.
Priorities:
 Knowledge-based increasing as a value generator
factor
 Developing skills in inclusive societies
Targets:
 employment rate of people aged 20-64 should
increase from the current 69% to at least 75%;
 early school leaving rate must fall below 10%
 the share of young population to have completed
tertiary education will be of at least 40%.
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education and training systems flexible, quality,
responsive to the needs of today and tomorrow
appropriate skills/competencies to meet the needs of
sectors in development and those of change and quick
adapting;
introduction of green skills;
increasing international mobility and recognition of
skills acquired in different learning contexts, including
those at international level
a transparent structure of qualifications through the
National Qualifications Framework;
involvement of social partners in education and training
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NQF correlated with EQF, based on the consensus of the main
stakeholders
EQF terminology adopted
Romania taking part in all related developments, such as: quality
assurance in all education and training systems, prior learning
validation, counselling and guidance, key competences,
ECVET/ECTS, Europass etc.
A coherent methodological framework developed (for
qualifications’ development, validation, and certification)
Responsibilities clearly defined
Legislation adapted
Institutional arrangements operational at national and sectorial
level
Full involvement of the social partners in development and
implementation of NQF ensured
A coherent National Qualification Framework (including IVET, CVT,
HE, apprenticeship at the workplace) developed
Sustainable development
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EQF Recommendation – a reference document for
Romanian NQF
National Qualifications Autority (according to
National Law of Education)
NQF based on stakeholders implication
Partnership structures
Occupational analisys (to present data on the skills,
knowledge and attitudes required by people working in an
occupation)
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Occupational standards
(include general units, key units and
specific units)
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Qualifications development - training standards
document that describes learning outcomes for a qualification)
(a
VET training programs lead to obtaining academic
and professional qualifications
Professional qualifications
Learning-based
They are described by Units of Competences (Learning
units); a unit of competences consists from a coherent
set o competences/ learning outcomes
They lay the accent on key competences training
A professional qualification can be associated with one
or more occupations
A professional qualification satisfies the possibility of a
long term
Ensure the premises of the progress in career
They can provide Continuous Professional Training
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Title of the learning unit (competences)
Level
Value of the credits
Learning outcomes (competences)
Performance criteria
Details on the applicability of performance
criteria
Assessment Tests
Key Units of LO
General Units of vocational
LO
General Units of vocational
LO
Speciali
zed
Units of
vocation
al LO
Speciali
zed
Units of
vocation
al LO
Speciali
zed
Units of
vocation
al LO
Speciali
zed
Units of
vocation
al LO
Speciali
zed
Units of
vocation
al LO
Speciali
zed
Units of
vocation
al LO
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q1
Q2
Q3
Training Domain
« commerce »
Training Domain
“tourism”
Certificate of professional qualification
(national) levels 1, 2, 3 and 3+ (equivalently
2, 3, 4 and 5 in EQF)
all competence units have been demonstrated
 entitles practicing one or more occupations
Certification Authority: Ministry of Education,
Research, Youth and Sports
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Provides career development and occupational
mobility in the training routes in the lifelong
learning perspective
IVET, CVT and HE should be based on systems
compatible or at least transparent of credits
allocation and transfer
Recognition / transferability of credits between
different learning systems are subject of:
Ensuring consensus among all stakeholders
Common principles of quality assurance in the different
learning systems
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Professional training standards and curriculum
Accreditation of training providers
Self-assessment of training providers
School inspections of training providers as external
monitoring and external evaluation
Semi-outsourced national examinations: the
participation of employers in the certification exam
committees
Monitor quality assurance during the certification
exams
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Curriculum developed on the basis of training
standards
Modular Curriculum
Curriculum in local development for adaptation to
local and regional qualifications relevant to the
labor market
Key skills units to develop employability and
interpersonal skills
Teaching methods based on student-centered
learning
Teaching methods Adapted to SEN students
Competency-based assessment and certification
Ensuring consistency of training pathways from
the perspective of the learner and its
relevance for labor market
Improve mutual trust between the different
training systems
Provision by the training systems of equal
opportunities to learners
NCTVETD headquarter in Bucharest and 12
regional offices
www.tvet.ro
[email protected]
Tel.: 004.021.311.11.62
Fax: 004.021.312.54.98
Thank you for attention!
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