The Swedish national system

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The new schoolsystem in Sweden
GY 2011
BROBY GRAFISKA UTBILDNING – COLLEGE OF CROSS MEDIA
The Swedish Education System
18 national programs or
programs approved by The
Swedish National Agency for
Education
– Twelve (12) Vocational programmes
– Six (6) programmes for preparatory for higher education
Before July 2011
– Seventeen (17) national programmes
Two exams
1. Qualifications for higher education
2. Qualifications for different professions
– Possibility to obtain Basic Qualifications for higher studies by
studying a few extra courses
Before July 2011
–
Basic qualification for higher education
Higher qualifications for Upper
Secondary School
Vocational programme
– Swedish or Swedish 2
– English
– Maths
– At least five (5) more subjects
Before July 2011:
– Swedish/Swedish 2
– Math and
– English
Programme preparatory for
higher education.
– Swedish or Swedish 2
– English
– Maths
– At least nine (9) more
subjects
Before July 2011:
–
–
–
Swedish/Swedish 2
Math and
English
Programme structure
– Examobjectives describe the programme and aim for the
planning of the studies.
– Field of study, In-Depth programme, professional outputs and
possible varations will be linked to the exam objectives.
– The Swedish National Agency for Education and the National
Council for Industry drawn up proposals for the 12 vocational
programs
– More professional subjects
– Exam goal for each programme as a red line through the whole
programme
– 200 plans with 800 courses
Five Introduction programs
(before July 2011: one
1. programme)
Preparatory year
– Possibility to have a quick jurisdiction
– Programme-oriented individual choice
– Preparation for a vocational programme
2. Introduction to a profession
– Preparation for work or vocational programme
3. Individual option
– Specialized for each individual
4. Language introduction
– Preparation for immigrants
New rating scale with more
grades
OLD system
NEW system
IG = 0 = not approved
G =10 = approved
VG = 15 =more than approved
MVG = 20 = much more than
approved
F=0
not approved
E = 10
approved. Criteria available
D = 12,5
C = 15
more than approved. Criteria
available
B = 17,5
A = 20
much more than approved. Criteria
available
Swedish Education Act
new July 1st 2011
– Education shall be adapted to each pupil´s preconditions and
needs.
– Availability of School Doctor and Nurse, Psychologist,
Counselor and Study and Career help.
– Availability of School Library
– Higher possibility to appeal decisions
– More possibilities to take diciplinary actions for Teachers and
Head master, to prevent insecurity for students
– In singel occasions the school can charge for activities
– Head of school can delegate internal work to another employee
– More strict sanction, from the Swedish National Agency of
Education, to schools that don´t follow the rules
Workplace-based learning
(APL)
15 weeks during the 3 years
– The school board has the responsability to acquire
places
– One week workplace = 23 teaching time
– Head master decides over which courses has to be
on the workplaces
– Quality requirements of the workplace
– Supervisor training mandatory
– Local board with delegate from the industry,
community, pupils and school representatives
Apprenticeship education
At least half of the teaching time being places at one or more
workplaces
–
–
–
–
It can begin the first, second or third year
The school board has the responsability to acquire places
One week workplace = 23 teaching time
Head master decides over which courses has to be on the
workplaces
– Quality requirements of the workplace
– Supervisor training mandatory
– Local board with delegate from the industry, community,
pupils and school representatives
Enterprise in education
– Enterprise in school is not only setting up and running a
company. The Swedish school system call it Entrepreneurial
learning which involves 'learning by doing'.
– It is an educational approach
Local council/Nationell
council
– Nationell work together with
the Swedish National Agency
for Education
– Representatives from trade
union, industries, authorities as
employment agency
– Good knowledge about
Education and outcome
– Local council work together
the school
– Representatives from local
authorities as job center, the
community, local industries
– Develop Workplace learning
– Assess and formulate the exam
Industrial Engineering
Programme
(a vocational programme)
Product and mechanical engineering
– Machine operator or
– Product work with design ( originalare)
What is included in the programme?
– Industrial technology an production
– Practise dealing with equipment, material and processes
– Work organisation, product economics
– Quality assurance
– How methods and technology affect society and environment
Industrial Engineering
Programme
Programme organisation
– General upper secondary subjects at Vocational prog.
– English, History, Sports and Health, Maths, Natural Science, Religious
Knowledge, Social Studies, Swedish or Swedish as a Secondary
language.
– Before July 2011: English, Estetics, Sports and Health, Math, Natural
Science, Social Studies, Swedish/Swedish 2 and religious.
– General programme subjects
– Industrial processes, Human being in industry, Production and
Production equipment
– In-Depth Programme
– Ability to further specialise and broaden the knowledge.
Industrial Engineering
Programme
– Project
– At the end of the programme a project within the job field
– Learning through work placement
– At least15 weeks APL (Workplace Learning)
– Apprenticeships
– Same level of knowledge is gained but at least half of the time at
workplaces
Summary for changes to a
new school system
– Students subjects knowledge is poorer than reported 1992 and
1995
– The result is tougher requirements and higher standards in the
Upper Secondary School
– Higher requirements for starting studies at all programmes
– Higher requirements in courses related to before
– Eg Maths
– Qualifications requirements in 2015, certification is obligate
– Clearer outcome specific professions or qualification for higher
studies
– More inspections from the Agency
– Disciplinary actions possible for teachers
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