Innovative Extension Methodologies

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Innovative Extension Methodologies –
A successful model for
Transfer of Technologies to Tribal Farmers
Dr. Lakshmana Kella
Programme Coordinator
KVK::Rastakuntubai
Visit us at : www.kvkrastakuntubai-angrau.org
Vizianagaram dt
OPERATIONAL AREA
K
V
K
KVK
District falls under Two Agro climatic Zones
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•
Plain coastal Areas zone
High Altitude and tribal Zone
Variation in Socio economic, educational,
cultural, climatic, situational, soils
and topography etc.,
High altitude and tribal area zone
•
•
•
•
•
Dominated by the tribal population
With low socio economic status
Most of the tribal hamlets are very small
Dispersed, remote and do not have adequate
transport facilities
Many other cultural, social, communication
barriers for TOT
•
Tribal are conservative
•
They are traditional and
•
Social restrictions and problems restrict
them to not interact freely
•
Very meagre communication and
infrastructure facilities
•
Their major entertainment restricted to
weekly shandy
Major tribes in the district
Savara
Kammara
Jatapu
Khonds
Gadaba
Mali
SOCIO ECONOMIC STATUS OF DIFFERENT TRIBES
Tribe
Savara
Jatapus
Konda
Dora
Gadaba
Population
Social Literac OCCUPATION
Status y
62,979 PTG
34.50 Small farmers, Shifting
cultivation, terrace farming,
collection of forest produce
48,613
38.90 Medium to big farmers
46,381
16,078
Kammara
15,010
Khonds
15,324
Goudu
7,749
Mali
2,513
shifting cultivation and
settled cultivation
36.63 Cultivate Ragi, Red gram,
Niger in their Podu lands
35.09
PTG
39.68
17.81
26.14
PTG
26.48
CARPENTARY
Agriculture
shifting cultivation and cattle
rearing
Agriculture
Opportunities for Different / Innovative
Extension methodologies
•
Potential literate group among the tribal is the youth
•
Adoption of improved technologies is less compared
to plains
•
Besides there is lot of variation in their customs,
habits, culture
Hence after a preliminary data
collection and experience in working with
tribal farmers the KVK thought of
implementing different innovative extension
methodologies exclusively for the tribal
farmers for dissemination of the technologies
Farm Science clubs for Transfer of Technology
Tribal youth Network programme
Convergence Village Approach
Publication of literature in local dialects
School Nutrition garden
FARM SCIENCE CLUBS in Tribal
Schools and Colleges
FARM SCIENCE CLUBS
Concept of farm science clubs :
Learning - Sharing – Dissemination
Student members selection criteria :
1. Secondary and junior collegiate level
2. Voluntary participation
3. Interest in helping the farmers
Total of three clubs were formed to fasten the
process of TOT and to know impact of these clubs
Year of initiation - 2011
FARM SCIENCE CLUBS
The main objective of initiating Science club is for transfer
of technology using the students as media to disseminate
information to the farmers/parents who are living far away from
the cosmopolite society.
The Objectives are
1. To disseminate the technical information to more people with
less time and infrastructure in remote areas.
2. To interact with the students and motivate towards scientific
learning & create interest in research activities among tribal
students.
3. To motivate / attract the tribal youth towards agriculture
The process involves - 4 Is Model
Initiation -Information-Interaction-Intervention
Initiation
Initiation
Interaction
KVK
Interventions
For TOT
Field Visit
Training
OFT
FLD
Technology
Capacity
building
Information
Tribal
students
Interaction
Tribal
farmers
Awareness
Knowledge
Skills
Adoption
Adoption
FARM SCIENCE CLUBS
Brief list of activities of science clubs
Fortnightly interaction sessions on agricultural technologies
Field visit by the Science club members to KVK
Information centre at Science club
Distribution of information material
Organization of guest lectures
Organization of other activities like quiz competitions, essay
writing competitions etc
Participation in NSS activities of the College – Training
programme
Farm Science club activities
1. Dr. N Sudhakar, ZPD and Dr. P G
Reddy, Director of Extension
interacting with Science club
members
2. DDE, Convening the science club
Meeting in KVK
3. ADR, RARS, Chintapalle interacting
with science club members
4. Science Club Meeting at
G.J.College, Kurupam
Science club activities
1,2,3 Science club members on their visit to KVK
Ambedkar Jayanthi
organised at school
Agricultural Information centre in
Farm science club
Pre and Post Evaluation
Topics covered : Cashew orchard management, Soil testing
and its importance, IPM in redgram, Cultivation aspects of millets,
drum seeder technology paddy etc.,
Awareness : On improved crop technologies
Knowledge Test
On an average 12% marks scored by the respondents on
the subjects before training and 34 % after exposure by lecture
supplemented by information material
47 % after exposure by lecture supplemented by
information material and field visit
Role of Farm science clubs in TOT
The members of science clubs
interacting with their parents, youth
and other farmers in the villages
 pasted the information material to
the walls of their houses
 giving the contact numbers of the
KVK scientists to the farmers with a
advice to contact for information on
improved technologies etc
Students distributing information
material to the parents
Feed back and Follow up of Farm
Science clubs
23 farmers called back during pre
kharif 2013
Youth clubs from villages
Raimanuguda and G Kothaguda
villages approached the KVK
Farmers of Raimanuguda organised
an awareness programme and
invited the KVK scientists as resource
persons
Feed back and Follow up of Farm
Science clubs
Farmers of G K Guda organised an
awareness programme and invited
the KVK scientists as resource
persons
List of topics of their Training
needs as per the farmers
Cashew orchard management and
tea mosquito management
Pest and disease management in
paddy
Package of practices of Maize
Practices for higher yields in millets
and redgram
TRIBAL YOUTH NETWORK PROGRAMME
Objectives:
•
•
•
To empower the tribal youth knowledge on various farm
activities
To promote change agents for transfer of technology
between scientists and farmers in remote areas where there
is no communication and transport facilities
To share the information among the tribal youth on various
agriculture and allied enterprises to form a network of youth
– scientists - farmer
Methodology:

Fortnightly training and interaction sessions

sharing of information among participants

Exposure Visits.
Tribal Youth Network Programme
Inaugurated by
Dr. P. Giddareddy, Director
of Extension, ANGRAU,
Dr. N. Sudhakar,
Zonal Project Director,
Zone-V, ICAR and
Dr. M. Venkunaidu,
Associate Dean & Member
of Board of Management,
ANGRAU on 06.02.2013
with 60 tribal youth
TRIBAL YOUTH NETWORK PROGRAMME
Activities:
• Organised 13 fortnightly interaction sessions so for
on
• Zero tillage maize and pest management
• Drum seeder technology in paddy
• Tea mosquito management in cashew
• Soil sampling and soil test based fertiliser
management
• Pest and disease Management in paddy
• Information sharing on marketting
Convergence village Approach for
wholistic development
Village selected – Durbilli of Kurupam mandal
Departments involved & : KVK
Organisations involved
Department of Agriculture
ATMA, Vizianagaram
ITDA, Parvathipuram
FTC, Vizianagaram
Department of Animal husbandry
Department of Horticulture
NGOs – JATTU, Parvathipuram
and GPK, Kurupam
Brief list of activities : FLDs on IFS under RKVY &
Drum seeder technology in paddy
Organic certification for Redgram
and millets (FTC)
Convergence with ITDA, ATMA
Organisation of capacity building
programme in collaboration with NGOs
Convergence of all allied
departments in the village
Durbilli (V)
Kurupam (M)
Vizianagaram dt
Publication of literature in
Savara local dialect
Information material released
by Hon’ble Vice - Chancellor
ANGRAU
Organised reading group of
savara publication
SCHOOL NUTRITION GARDEN TO EDUCATE
ILLITERATE MOTHERS
Objectives :
1)To promote knowledge about nutrition problems & its consequences
in school going children
2) To change the attitude towards healthy foods
3) To impart the practice of raising nutrition gardens to acquire
Protective foods there by to educate their illiterate mothers.
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