FNMI Statistics

FNMI Statistics
Created by Sharon Meyer
May 22, 2014
FNMI Population in Canada
• http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fniahspnia/pubs/aborig-autoch/2009-stats-profilvol3/index-eng.php#fig1
FNMI Age Population in Canada
• http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhsenm/2011/as-sa/99-011-x/2011001/tbl/tbl04eng.cfm
• How does the FNMI population increase affect you?
• Who contributes to our Canadian society?
• What other questions do we need to ask ourselves
when viewing the statistical information?
FNMI Population in Saskatchewan
• http://www.stats.gov.sk.ca/stats/population/C
Growth rate from 1961-2011
Diabetes – Type 1
• Type 1 or insulin-dependent diabetes
• These cells – called “islets” (pronounced EYE-lets) – are the ones
that sense glucose in the blood and, in response, produce the
necessary amount of insulin to normalize blood sugars.
• Insulin serves as a “key” to open your cells, to allow the glucose to
enter -- and allow you to use the glucose for energy.
• Without insulin, there is no “key.” So, the sugar stays -- and builds
up-- in the blood. The result: the body’s cells starve from the lack of
• And, if left untreated, the high level of “blood sugar” can damage
eyes, kidneys, nerves, and the heart, and can also lead to coma and
Diabetes – Type 2
• Type 2, or non-insulin dependent diabetes.
• This is also called “adult onset” diabetes, since it typically develops
after age 35. However, a growing number of younger people are
now developing type 2 diabetes.
• People with type 2 are able to produce some of their own insulin.
Often, it’s not enough. And sometimes, the insulin will try to serve
as the “key” to open the body’s cells, to allow the glucose to enter.
But the key won’t work. The cells won’t open. This is called insulin
• Often, type 2 is tied to people who are overweight, with a
sedentary lifestyle.
• Treatment focuses on diet and exercise. If blood sugar levels are still
high, oral medications are used to help the body use its own insulin
more efficiently. In some cases, insulin injections are necessary
Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes means diabetes that develops for the first time during
pregnancy. According to the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada
gestational diabetes affects between 3.7 and 18 per cent of Canadian pregnancies.
Diabetes happens when your body can't produce enough of a hormone called
insulin. Insulin is made by your pancreas, and it does two jobs: regulating the
amount of sugar available in your blood for energy
enabling any sugar that isn't needed to be stored
During pregnancy your body has to produce extra insulin to meet your baby's
needs, especially from mid-pregnancy onwards. If your body can't manage this,
you will have too much sugar in your blood. It's then that you may develop
gestational diabetes.
Gestational diabetes usually goes away after your baby is born. It's unlike other
types of diabetes, which are lifelong conditions.
FNMI Diabetes in Canada
• http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/cdmc/publications/diabetes-diabete/factsfigures-faits-chiffres-2011/chap6-eng.php
FNMI Diabetes in Canada
• http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fniahspnia/pubs/aborig-autoch/2009-stats-profilvol3/index-eng.php#fig6
Diabetes in Canada 25 yrs and over
• http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fniahspnia/pubs/aborig-autoch/2009-stats-profilvol3/index-eng.php#a1
FNMI Education in Canada
FNMI Employment In Canada
• http://www.mcscs.jus.gov.on.ca/english/DeathInvestig
2002 - 2003
Incarceration of FNMI
< Saskatchewan 2006
vAlberta 2006