readmission agreements and travel documents

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READMISSION AGREEMENTS AND TRAVEL DOCUMENTS
SISEKAITSEAKADEEMIA
14.5.2014
MIKKO SIVOLA
HELSINKI POLICE
FUNDED BY EU RETURN FUND
READMISSION AGREMENTS AND TRVAEL DOCUMENTS
• EU has 14 Readmission Agreements valid with third countries.
• Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Georgia, Hong Kong, Kap Verde,
Macao, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Pakistan, Serbia, Sri
Lanka, Ukraine and Russina Federation (signed also with Armenia,
Azerbaijan and Turkey).
• Includes certain standard clauses. Details and certain procedures
varyes.
• Responsibility for readmission is mutual. Related to own and third
country citizens.
• Agreements includes also regulations for transit.
READMISSION AGREEMENTS AND TRAVEL DOCUMENTS
• 2012 – 03/2013 approx 31 % of asylum seekers arrived
from the country which EU has readmission agreement
with (2007 approx 27 %, 2009 approx 20%).*
• In 2009 40 % of repatriated persons from EU members
states were returned to country which EU has
readmission agreement with. Effective tools for return and
awareness of those reduces illegal immigration?
• Visa relief is related to readmission agreements with
some countries.
• * Eurostat
READMISSION AGREEMENTS AND TRAVEL DOCUMENTS
Asylum seekers to EU member states*
• Albania
• Bosnia & Herzegovina
• Georgia
• Macedonia
• Pakistan
• Serbia
• Sri Lanka
• Russia
9695
6780
13140
10885
24010
22405
9035
32715
FX flight
FX flight
FX flight
FX flight
FX flight
FX flight
128665 asylum seekers from above mentioned countries, which is approx 30%
of all the asylum seekers. If Turkey and Armenia included the amount is 34 %.
*EU 2012 – March 2013 (total 420920 asylum seekers)
Eurostat)
READMISSION AGREEMENTS AND TRAVEL DOCUMENTS
Asylum seekers
• Albania
69
• Bosnia
101
• Georgia
44
• Macedonia
44
• Montenegro
19
• Pakistan
54
• Serbia
136
• Sri Lanka
35
• Ukraine
21
• Russia
472
negative / positive decisions**
37 /1
84 /1
8 /1
33
25
15 / 15
107 / 3
35 / 7
18
359 /220
* total 995 applicants from am. countries, which is approx 15 % of all asylum seekers
arrived to Finland 2012 – 2013 (www.migri.fi)
** Finland 2012 – 2013 Does not include Dublin –cases (www.migri.fi).
READMISSION AGREEMENTS AND TRAVEL DOCUMENTS
• Readmission agreement between EU and Russian
Federation came in to effect on 2007.
• Agreement requires bilatereal implemention protocol.
Signed between Finland and Russia and came in to eccet
on 11.3.2013
READMISSION AGREEMENTS AND TRAVEL DOCUMENTS
• Binds both parties.
• Exchance of information between authorities. Does not
•
•
•
•
require the returnee to be involved with the procedure.
Will of the returnee does not affect.
Predictable time limits.
Requirements for establishing nationality is agreed.
Competent authorities in Finland: Police, Border Guards,
finnish Immigration Service.
In Russia: Federal Migration Service.
READMISSION AGREEMENTS AND TRAVEL DOCUMENTS
• Application must be lodged within 180 days after the decision is final.
• Application send to Finnish Embassy In Moscow. From there
•
•
•
•
•
delivered to FMS. FMS has 25 days to make the decision. Can be
extended.
Answer from the FMS is first delivered to Finnish Embassy in Moscow
and Russian Embassy in Helsinki.
After positive decision, FMS has to be accurately informed about the
planned transfer (place, time etc.). Once the FMS has accepted the
place and the time Embassy will issue the document.
Transfer to Russia has to be done within 180 days from the positive
decision of the FMS.
After this request has to be renewed, if the persons is not yet
removed.
Travel document is valid for 30 days. Embassy will issue new
document if needed.
READMISSION AGREEMENTS AND TRAVEL DOCUMENTS
• Transfer to Russia has to be done within 180 days from
•
•
•
•
•
the positive decision of the FMS.
After this request has to be renewed.
Travle document is valid for 30 days. Embassy will issue
new document if expired.
With out evidence of nationality competent Finnish
authority may ask the russian embassy to inteview the
person.
interview will be held at the Embassy.
used three times with out further succes.
READMISSION AGREEMENTS AND TRAVEL DOCUMENTS
OTHER COUNTRIES:
• Application is delivered to the Embassy which will send is
to local competent authorities.
• Application may also be send directly to the competent
authoroties via e-mail (Georgia, Macedonia, Montenegro,
Serbia also with out implementation protocol).
• After positive answer Embassy will issue travel document.
READMISSION AGREEMENTS AND TRAVEL DOCUMENTS
PROBLEMS
• Undocumented persons
• False identity
• Children born abroad
READMISSION AGREEMENTS AND TRAVEL DOCUMENTS
READMISSION AGREEMENTS NUMBERS
2012 -2013
Applications
Accepted
Rejected
Albania
0
0
0
Bosnia & Herzegovina
23
23
0
Georgia
9
9
0
Macedonia
3
3
0
Moldova
1
1
0
Montenegro
3
3
0
Pakistan
2
0
2
Serbia
24
24
0
Sri Lanka
15
14
1
Ukraine
2
1
1
Russia
91
78
13
THANK YOU!!!
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