Aaneland_Challenges

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Conference; Cold Climate Technology (ICCCT) in Narvik,
27 – 28 May 2014
«Regional specific challenges in the
Barents Sea»
Knut Aaneland
North Energy ASA
Presentation
• Overall perspectives
• Security of supplies
• Effective use of resources
• The arctic Barents Sea
• Where is it and what is special?
• Is a new mind set required ?
• Safety and risk
• Installations and personnel
• Economy
• Regularity and cost
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North Energy ASA, Markveien 38B, P O Box 1243, NO-9504, Norway.
Phone: +47 78 60 79 50 · Fax: +47 78 60 83 50 · E-mail: [email protected] · www.northenergy.no
Barents Sea - geopolitical importance
• Security of supply for Europe
• Gas must replace coal
• Norwegian gas to replace Russian gas
• Oil is the econimic driver (as gas infrastructure is missing)
• Norways best geoplitical cards
•
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Competence and technology
Infrastructure and capacity
Sustainable development
Environmental awareness
• Exercise of sovereignty
• Through political frames and requirements
• Through active utilization, not by conservation (fredning)
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North Energy ASA, Markveien 38B, P O Box 1243, NO-9504, Norway.
Phone: +47 78 60 79 50 · Fax: +47 78 60 83 50 · E-mail: [email protected] · www.northenergy.no
Activity pattern; The Norwegian Barents Sea
Commercial
Driving forces
?
Hoop
Political driving
forces
Johan
Castberg
Oil Terminal Veidnes
North Energy ASA, Markveien 38B, P O Box 1243, NO-9504, Norway.
Phone: +47 78 60 79 50 · Fax: +47 78 60 83 50 · E-mail: [email protected] · www.northenergy.no
The Ice ridge is moving.
The most challenging arctic area.
5
North Energy ASA, Markveien 38B, P O Box 1243, NO-9504, Norway.
Phone: +47 78 60 79 50 · Fax: +47 78 60 83 50 · E-mail: [email protected] · www.northenergy.no
6
Petroleum Safety Authority – Petroleumstilsynet.
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Barents Sea – coastal and arctic – different solutions
New arctic solutions
(new thinking)
Winterization
(existing solutions)
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Perseevsky Rosneft/Statoil
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Barents Sea climate challenges
• Acknowledge the difference:
• Coastal areas - «Winterization»
• Arctic areas require new solutions «Arktisk tilrettelegging»
• What is so special about the Arctic ?
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•
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•
•
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•
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Arctic storms og polar lows
Long lasting icing periods
Long lasting heavy snow fall (tråg)
Ice bergs and «growlers»
Total darkness for three months (Bear Island)
Thick fog for long periods during summer
Enormous distances
Almost non existing communications
10
North Energy ASA, Markveien 38B, P O Box 1243, NO-9504, Norway.
Phone: +47 78 60 79 50 · Fax: +47 78 60 83 50 · E-mail: [email protected] · www.northenergy.no
Emergency response and communications
Communications
• Today, poor satellite coverage when passing 72°N
and for practical purposes, non-existing from 75°N
• Real time is a prerequisite for communications,
accurate navigation, effective SAR (safety and
rescue) operations and accurate drilling
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North Energy ASA, Markveien 38B, P O Box 1243, NO-9504, Norway.
Phone: +47 78 60 79 50 · Fax: +47 78 60 83 50 · E-mail: [email protected] · www.northenergy.no
North Energy ASA, Markveien 38B, P O Box 1243, NO-9504, Norway.
Phone: +47 78 60 79 50 · Fax: +47 78 60 83 50 · E-mail: [email protected] · www.northenergy.no
Operational challenges in the Arctic
• Distinguish between exploration and operation
• Drilling when possible during summer (temporary)
• Production facilities are «stuck» with arctic conditions
• «Ice Management»
• Continous surveillance of ice bergs and ice front(moving)
• Ice breakers, handling of ice bergs
• Maritime safety
• Technology, operations and environmental risk
• Polar Code, Norsok N-003 and EER
• Economy will depend on
• Regularity and risk of production stop
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North Energy ASA, Markveien 38B, P O Box 1243, NO-9504, Norway.
Phone: +47 78 60 79 50 · Fax: +47 78 60 83 50 · E-mail: [email protected] · www.northenergy.no
Economical challenges in the Arctic
• High Capex og Opex will require
• A large resource base
• «Coordinated area development» (NPD)
• Disrupted exploration drilling
• Icing/ice crowlers/sea ice
• Offshore offloading
• Low regularity due to climate conditions
• The captain on board decides the regularity
• Loss of production (low regularity) and cost for extra escorting
vessels may exceed cost of routing the well stream to shore for
processing
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North Energy ASA, Markveien 38B, P O Box 1243, NO-9504, Norway.
Phone: +47 78 60 79 50 · Fax: +47 78 60 83 50 · E-mail: [email protected] · www.northenergy.no
Maritime safety in the Arctic
• Crew rotation and crew change
• Weather restrictions may impose serious delays
• Helicopter versus maritime vessels ?
• Evacuation and rescue
• New thinking, new life boat concepts
• New standards for rescue vessels
Operations and technology
• Offshore offloading in periods with icing
• Sea ice; collision risk. No sight and non sufficient radar technology
• Accident handling, risk of oil releases to sea. SAR.
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North Energy ASA, Markveien 38B, P O Box 1243, NO-9504, Norway.
Phone: +47 78 60 79 50 · Fax: +47 78 60 83 50 · E-mail: [email protected] · www.northenergy.no
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Maritime emergency preparedness and response
Existing technologies/best practice:
1. Evacuation Craft used for evacuation from oil fields in the Beaufort
and Caspian seas (ARKTOS)
3. Offshore Service Vessel design
tested by MARINTEK (STXosv)
2. Totally Enclosed Motor Propelled
Survival Craft (Canadian CoastGuard)
4. Icebreaking multipurpose emergency and rescue
vessel delivered to Russian Emergency Service 2014
(Arctech)
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Example, ongoing R&D
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North Energy ASA, Markveien 38B, P O Box 1243, NO-9504, Norway.
Phone: +47 78 60 79 50 · Fax: +47 78 60 83 50 · E-mail: [email protected] · www.northenergy.no
Example, ongoing R&D
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North Energy ASA, Markveien 38B, P O Box 1243, NO-9504, Norway.
Phone: +47 78 60 79 50 · Fax: +47 78 60 83 50 · E-mail: [email protected] · www.northenergy.no
Consept for the arctic Barents Sea
• Large, robust field centres
• Junction point for subsea process plants and future tie-backs
• Prepared for future discoveries/field developments
(Coordinated Area Development)
• Robust for modifications and extentions
• Centre for energy supply, emergency preparedness
• All oil and gas to shore. Offshore loading is risky and costly
• Norway has to prepare for the Barents Sea North
• Concrete again ? GBS is robust
• The Russians are exploring their part
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North Energy ASA, Markveien 38B, P O Box 1243, NO-9504, Norway.
Phone: +47 78 60 79 50 · Fax: +47 78 60 83 50 · E-mail: [email protected] · www.northenergy.no
ExxonMobil Hebron platform
Production due in 2017
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Perseevsky Rosneft/Statoil
North Energy ASA, Markveien 38B, P O Box 1243, NO-9504, Norway.
Phone: +47 78 60 79 50 · Fax: +47 78 60 83 50 · E-mail: [email protected] · www.northenergy.no
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North Energy ASA, Markedsgata 3, Alta, Norway.
Phone: (+47) 78 60 79 50 · Fax: (+47) 78 60 83 50 · E-Mail: [email protected] · www.northenergy.no
Emergency response and communications
Multipurpose hubs - floating or
land based units with support
functions such as:
-
-
Emergency operations
/coordination
Weather surveillance
Hospitals/medical facilities
Firefighting equipment
Oil spill recovery
equipment
Additional systems and
equipment for SAR
Communication facilities
Helicopter base
Etc.
Multipurpose hubs with helicopter facilities supporting
offshore oil & gas facilities (Source: North Energy)
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North Energy ASA, Markveien 38B, P O Box 1243, NO-9504, Norway.
Phone: +47 78 60 79 50 · Fax: +47 78 60 83 50 · E-mail: [email protected] · www.northenergy.no
• Framtidsvisjon
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Additional slides
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North Energy ASA, Markveien 38B, P O Box 1243, NO-9504, Norway.
Phone: +47 78 60 79 50 · Fax: +47 78 60 83 50 · E-mail: [email protected] · www.northenergy.no
Future Multipurpose Hubs?
Multipurpose hubs floating or land based
units with support
functions such as:
-
-
Emergency operations
/coordination
Weather surveillance
Hospitals/medical facilities
Firefighting equipment
Oil spill recovery equipment
Additional systems and
equipment for SAR
Communication facilities
Helicopter base
Maritime capabilities/ice
Multipurpose hubs with helicopter facilities supporting
management
offshore oil & gas facilities (Source: North Energy)
North Energy ASA, Markveien 38B, P O Box 1243, NO-9504, Norway.
Phone: +47 78 60 79 50 · Fax: +47 78 60 83 50 · E-mail: [email protected] · www.northenergy.no
27
Land based infrastructure
• Two pre-feasibility studies have been performed, ABB and Siemens;
El. power supply in the Arctic
Siemens feasibility draft based on AC
long distance transport (Source: Siemens)
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ABB feasibility draft based on DC
long distance transport (Source: ABB)
North Energy ASA, Markveien 38B, P O Box 1243, NO-9504, Norway.
Phone: +47 78 60 79 50 · Fax: +47 78 60 83 50 · E-mail: [email protected] · www.northenergy.no
Operasjonell rammer
• Operasjonelle rammer for arktiske forhold bør etableres
• Av hvem?
• Leteboring
• Tidsvindu sør for ……… o N
• Tidsvindu nord for ……… o N
• Avstand til iskant ……... km
(helårig ?)
(Q2 og Q3 ?)
• Oljelasting til havs
• Sør for
• Nord for
……… o N
……… o N
(helårig/ikke ising)
(ingen lasting pga. ising/tråg)
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North Energy ASA, Markveien 38B, P O Box 1243, NO-9504, Norway.
Phone: +47 78 60 79 50 · Fax: +47 78 60 83 50 · E-mail: [email protected] · www.northenergy.no
Activity Map - February 2014
North Energy ASA, Markveien 38B, P O Box 1243, NO-9504, Norway.
Phone: +47 78 60 79 50 · Fax: +47 78 60 83 50 · E-mail: [email protected] · www.northenergy.no
Det akkumulerte bildet gir oss store
utfordringer; mht. produksjon og eksport
Norges totale gasseksport
ca. 100 bcm/år
År 2020
År 2030
North Energy ASA, Markveien 38B, P O Box 1243, NO-9504, Norway.
Phone: +47 78 60 79 50 · Fax: +47 78 60 83 50 · E-mail: [email protected] · www.northenergy.no
I tillegg, store geopolitiske utfordringer i
Barentshavet
• Barentshavet/Polhavet blir i økende grad en internasjonal interesseog spenningsarena. Norges interesser må ivaretas gjennom økt
industriell aktivitet og tilstedeværelse. Norge må gjøre seg relevant
for de store aktørene
North Energy ASA, Markveien 38B, P O Box 1243, NO-9504, Norway.
Phone: +47 78 60 79 50 · Fax: +47 78 60 83 50 · E-mail: [email protected] · www.northenergy.no
Prinsippskisse; gass fra Barentshavet
- for eksport i rør med muligheter for industriell bruk
Evt. industriell bruk av gass ved
avgreininger fra eksportrøret:
- mineralforedling
- annen industriell bruk
Mulig lokalisering av
nye prosessanlegg
North Energy ASA, Markveien 38B, P O Box 1243, NO-9504, Norway.
Phone: +47 78 60 79 50 · Fax: +47 78 60 83 50 · E-mail: [email protected] · www.northenergy.no
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