Seedling planting

Important Points for Your Musangu Tree Nursery and Seedlings
The objective of planting Musangu in your farm fields is to provide a free and reliable source of nitrogen
for maintaining high yields of crops. By successfully planting Musangu trees, it is possible to gain over
K1,200,000 in additional crop yield per lima per year with normal rainfall once trees reach a suitable
height in about 5 years. Such results depend on: 1) well-managed tree nursery, 2) proper seedling
planting, and 3) follow-up care of the seedling.
Tree nursery management – seedlings take about 2 months to develop
Ensure soils used for growing seeds in polybags are rich, loose, healthy soils to allow rapid root growth. It is
recommended you use 3 parts agricultural soil, 1 part compost, and 1 part sand. This will enable the seedling
to absorb more moisture and will promote good growth.
Make sure your nursery is near your home to allow you to manage it more carefully and is protected from
livestock or animals. Make sure there is a reliable supply of water nearby for watering. Planting soil should be
moist. Light watering twice a day is recommended.
Make sure seedlings get sunlight, but about 50% shading is recommended and not full, direct sunlight
throughout the day. With too much shade, the seedling will be weak. As the seedlings grow, more sunlight is
recommended to prepare the seedlings for the harsher conditions when transplanted.
Seedling planting – at the beginning of the rainy season
It is recommended that Musangu seedlings are not planted in maize fields, as the tall maize stalks will block
out sunlight and increase mortality of seedlings. Preferably grow in a field of groundnuts or cowpeas or
When digging hole, place subsoil on top; pot should be 5-10cm below surrounding ground level. Planting
stations are 5 meters apart and 10 meters between rows.
Place pot/seedling in the middle of the hole, remove bag by cutting bottom first and then lengthwise with a
knife – but do not expose the roots to sunlight. Keep the plastic on while planting
Backfill soil, THEN pull plastic bag out.
Eliminate air pockets by pressing soil around seedling.
Leave a slight depression around the seedling to create a micro-catchment for rainwater
Plant during early morning or late afternoon when cool, preferably in the late afternoon.
Place an ample amount of mulch around the base of the seedlings and remove all weeds if any at time
of planting
Caring for seedling once planted
• It is important that roots are NOT exposed to direct sunlight during planting
• Water the seedlings as needed to ensure they do not dry out
• Keep the base of the seedlings free of weeds and keep the ground covered with mulch
Important Points for Your Gliricidia Tree Nursery and Seedlings
Gliricidia is an excellent nitrogen fixer and grows fast, but the seeds are often hard to find, unlike Musangu
seeds. Requirements for tree nursery are similar to Musangu, except the size of the polythene potting bag
is smaller. Because of the larger number of seedlings that need to be planted in-between maize rows, the
nursery will be much larger than that for Musangu. As for Musangu, it is necessary to keep the seedlings
protected from livestock, including chickens.
Seedling plantings are 60-90 cm apart and rows of seedlings are spaced 3-4 meters apart. Gliricidia needs
6-8 weeks before transplanting and should not be more than 8 weeks old or the seedlings become difficult
to transplant.
In the last two weeks before they are transplanted, the seedlings should be watered less frequently and
exposed to full sunlight.
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