Ancient Greece c. 1000- 31 bce Classical 480-323 bce Ideal Lekythos Mosaic, tesserae contrapposto Kritios Boy 480 bce Myron Riace lost wax bronze casting Polykleitos, Doryphorus, Amazon* Canon Temple of Zeus, Olympia, lapiths, centaurs c. 460 bce Acropolis Phidias, Pericles Propylaea (gateway) Parthenon, Ictinus, Kallikrates c. 447 bce Phidias Temple of Athena Nike 410 bce, Erecthium, caryatid Theatre at Epidaurus Praxiteles Lyssipus The Acropolis, Athens 450-400 bce Pericles, Phidias & Ictinus, Kallikrates & Mneskles Leo von Klenze, The Acropolis, 1846 Propylaea By Mneskles Propylaia-Mnesiklese Kallikrates, Little Temple of Athena Nike 425 bce Kallikrates, Little Temple of Athena Nike 425 bce Propylaea Looking toward the picture gallery Nike By Phidias The Parthenon, Iktinos & Kallikrates, c. 447-438 bce Diagram in exaggerated proportion of the horizontal curvature of the Parthenon. Richard G. Tansey and Fred S. Kleiner, Gardner's Art Through the Ages. 10th ed. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace College Publishers, 1996. Architectural Sculpture – Phidias Metopes, Pediment & Frieze Pedimental Sculpture by Phidias East Pediment Birth of Athena Elgin Marbles, British Museum, London Elgin Marbles, British Museum, London Dionysius Goddesses Phidian drapery West Pediment Athena & Poseidon’s Gifts (plaster cast) Parthenon Nashville Tennessee Mneskles, Erecthium, c. 430’s bce West facade North Porch Porch of the Maidens (caryatids) Tholos, Circular Temple or Shrine (Delphi) Pebble Mosaics Amphitheater at Epidaurus, 350 bce Corinthian Order Decorative Floor Mosaics Pebble mosaics Name motifs? (fm Carthage mosaic below) Alexander the Great confronts Darius III – Battle of Issos Roman copy Greek ptg from 300 BCE, Pompeii Reconstructed floor mosaic…. Parents of Alexander the Great Mother, Olympias father Phillip Alexander as Apollo, By Lysippus c. 330 bce Gold jewelry 4th century bce Ganymede Earrings, Macedonia c. 300 bce The End of Classical….on to Hellenistic!