GCSE Product Design
Name Emma Bichard
Candidate Number
Candidate Centre 38155
Introduction Design Brief and Task Analysis
Hand bags, shoulder
bags, purses, college
bag, or school bag,
beach bags and
evening bags.
I have been asked to design a range of products
for a sustainable Internet company. They have
requested that I look at fabrics from a sustainable
source or use recycled fabrics in the product. The
product needs to link into a range of household
Action plan for home
To make a mood board;
Also research existing
products and draw up
Why use recycled
fabrics and not new?
Who am I going to
design a product for?
What type of denim is
on the market?
Who makes denim and
why is it so popular?
It is a good idea to help
the environment by using
old fabrics. I will find out
all about the environment.
I will look up
companies that make
denim fabric and
Teenagers like denim. So do
young kids. I also think that
older people will like to use
products made from this
What types of products
are fashionable in today’s
I think that people that
know denim and the types
of products it can make
will like to buy a recycled
denim product.
Where is the product
going to be sold from and
what type of Internet
Action plan for school
Do lots of research on the Internet at home and during
Try out lots of techniques using old fabrics, see if I can
locate some from charity shops and from family relatives
Look at old denim products and take it apart, by
disassembling, record this information to help make my
own outcome.
Plan to research some of the books in the Textile room
Work out the cost and bring in some money for bits and
Mood board
I am putting this sheet together because, I need to show some
CAD-CAM in my work.
You can see the products in 3D and you can rotate the design
and view it from all angles on some software. CAD-CAM also
helps you make changes and modifications quickly and easily. On
It allows you to experiment with different patterns; textures
and colour ways. To develop basic or standardised designs.
CAD-CAM can improve the quality of the design and also use
simulations to test the design.
Instructions on how to use the CAD-CAM embroidery machine
After trialling out several types of CAD programmes in the ICT suite and the textiles
room I now have an idea about how good CAD and CAM can be.
I have decided I’m not going to use CAD in my project as many of the designs did not
link into my work.
The Janome 300E machine has a good range of existing programmed designs, which can
link into many projects.
But the sizes are limited and don’t allow you to scale them up or down to a great extent.
Therefore, I will not use this embroidery system as part of my work.
What I did when trialling out the CAD-CAM embroidery machine:
Thread up the machine with the correct embroidery threads;
Use interfacing for the back bobbin thread;
Place fabric and backing into the frame;
Fit into the machine slots
Set the design pattern;
Keep changing the treads according to the pattern design;
QC check the outcome.
Because I am going to use fabrics that have been recycled in my
project, I have decided to put together a sheet of information that
discusses the issues that can cause problems for the environment.
The sheet will also have research that looks at why we should
The Flower is the symbol of the
European Eco-label – your guide
to greener products and services.
This sheet is two pieces of information
that looks at fair trade and designers’ that
make organic products. I did this so that I
know what to do and why I am making a
product from recycled fabrics.
Bird textile
Bird is a range of luxury eco products for those who appreciate quality and style, and care
about the planet in which they live. Designed by Rachel Bending, Birds’ exquisite collections of
fabrics are all hand printed using water based dyes at her Byron Bay studio. All products in the
range are manufactured using 100% renewable solar power, and Bird was recognised as
Australia's first climate neutral business 4 years ago.
This sheet is two pieces of information that looks at fair trade and designers’ that make
organic products. I did this so that I know what to do and why I am making a product from
recycled fabrics.
What is Fair Trade?
Fair trade is an alternative approach to trade, particularly international trade that has arisen
from grave inequities in the mainstream free trade model. These inequities enable developed
countries to continue to progress and prosper while essentially limiting or debilitating the trade
opportunities of those most in need of development.
Analysing my research
The analysis of my research
My mood board
My mood board is lots of images for magazines and Sundays papers. I chose to take pictures that have bright and fancy colours
on it and have cheerful things on it. I really like the way that my mood board can help me does my design and give me some
good ideas.
My environmental sheets
I wanted to know about the things that the textiles industry does. Because I have been asked to think
about using recycled fabrics, I will use this to help me understand what is wrong with the textiles
industry and why I need to use old fabrics instead of throwing them away.
My disassembling of an existing product
This was a bag made by a previous student. I wanted to see how it had been made they say that designers
do this to see if they can copy or make the pattern better. This was useful because I could see what
they had done with the fabrics.
The internet research of some design products made from old denim
This was useful because I found many sites that sell products that have lots of denim and other products
made from old fabrics and components. The sheet is some images that I have looked at. I think it is
useful because I could use the quality of what they had made.
Design Specification
• The product will be made using old and other things like old
• The design brief said this is what I should investigate
• The product will therefore be made for a home, maybe a
teenagers room or a student accommodation
• The product will be made using a range of techniques like
batik, patchwork sewing embroidery and appliqué
• The product will be interesting and have some natural images
on it
• The product will be made to a high quality and will last a lone
time once it had=s been made, meaning that the life cycle will
be fairly long
• The look will be fun and different to any other product on
the market at the moment.
Initial design ideas
My first five ideas are all
about flowers and
springtime. I wanted to use
some patchwork ideas in the
designs, because many left
over pieces of denim can get
used up. I can also use
other pieces of recycled
fabrics for the appliqué.
Overall I think my first few
ideas are quite nice
Development of the designs – batik technique – possible back view of cushion
Make the basic sketch
Draw over design with hot
Paint on dyes
Cover with resist wax and
paint another colour
Leave to dry then iron off
excess wax
Batik method of working –
Candles, at least one containing beeswax.
Double boiler for melting wax.
Good quality artist's paintbrush.
Cold water dye and fixative.
Charcoal, or pencil, for making preliminary sketch.
Old picture frame. (Batik is normally worked on a special frame on which the cloth is tacked to keep it
taut, but for beginners an old picture frame will serve just as well.)
You will also need a double boiler or a boiling ring or chafing dish (such as a fondue dish with candles
beneath) to melt the wax, and you will need access to a sink or bowl for dyeing.
Final idea and notes
The final patchwork pieces will be
designed using a wearing effect with light
and dark blue denim strips, some perhaps
redyed to put back the colour. This will be
cold water dyeing method
I have decided to design a
product that is a little bit
modern with a range of
sewing techniques and
stitch effects. The appliqué
will be done using a satin
stitch of around 3.54 by 0.7
in closeness. The colours of
threads will contrast against
the fabric pieces.
The final design has been decided
because I think the colours are
modern and would appeal to a wide
target audience.
I am going to use
several colours to trial
out the dyed new effect
on the denim. I also
want some old worn
bits to add further
The back and sides will be
strips of redyed denim
using a patchwork effect. I
will also use the satin stitch
over some of the seams.
What components do I
I will use old parts of
denims like the zips,
buttons and another
Were do I look for the denim for my product
I shall go look at the 2nd hand shops and on the
market and see what I can get.
How will I do this?
In my spear time or after school or on the
Now that I have
completed all my design
sketching I need to
plan my development
How much will the raw materials
coast me?
I think the materials will cost a very
small amount because I am using
recycled denim and other materials.
The time it takes to take them
apart and re style them will
hiowever cost in time and energy
Where will I get the materials from?
I will spend time looking at home
and in charity shops at the
weekend. Sometimes you can visit
clothing banks that the local
authority have. I will try to see if I
can find one of these also.
Techniques that I have trialled out for the product making
Technique one – weaving with old
I used strips of old denim that I cut
to equal sizes. I then laid them on
the ironing board, and weaved them
through each other. I then ironed on
a sheet of interfacing. This held the
technique in place.
Technique three–
I trialled out some stencilling by
cutting out the shape on card, then
using the craft knife I cut out the
design. I then used a range of paints
for fabrics to get down the design.
I think that the technique is good,
because of how it looks, the
weaving could be made to look quite
Technique two – I completed the batik
by using all the batik equipment:
Batik pot
Tjainting tools
Hot wax
Dyes and cotton fabric
I drew on the design then when over it
with the hot wax. I used the tjainting
tool to work the wax. I then painted the
design with the paint brushes and dyes.
I think the idea is good fun, and I think I
might use this on my product.
Technique four –
I used some fabrics to create the
design. I then sewed on the shape
using a satin stitch this was edited
on the computerised machine 3-07.
Further techniques explored
Planning and systems – also using CAD-CAM embroidery
Diary of making
1. Dye denim using colour palette
2. Cut pattern –
3. Dye surround
4. Sew patchwork pieces on reverse side – 4x4
then 4x4
5. Cut out appliqué pattern parts, interface
using iron on interfacing
6. Sew using satin stitch
7. sew surround using patchwork method
8. Sew back to front
9. Make cushion filling
Flow Diagram
Modification suggestions
Modification one – use a possible
different style patchwork
Modification four – try to change the
Modification two – try to use old
curtains rather then denim
Modification three – use several
different appliqué stitches
Manufacturing Specification
Front and Back
Denim – recycled from old clothing and products
Re-dyed denim
Thread colours
Stitching Patterns
Satin stitch 3.5 – 0.7
Straight stitch
Embroidery stitch
Denim – 50p
Threads 20p
Wadding 50p
Cotton 30p
Dyes 20p
Felts 20p
Final Summing up
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