Urban Decay & Urban Sprawl Rapid city growth means rapid movt from city to suburbs… creates zones of decay in inner city & urban sprawl in suburbs. Inner city: Decay: Derelict buildings, poor housing & closure of industries, lack of open space Old people remained as young couples left. Re-housed in multi storey buildings… poorly maintained or moved entire cmty to suburbs. High crime rate, umemploy. & poor physical environ… social problems. Lack of employ in factories as most have moved. Urban Sprawl: Takes over agric. land Car ownership… allows people to live away from work & facilities… adds to city expansion. Access to work… daily commute…. Expansion had merged suburbs & cities as demand for housing increases. Industry…. Large scale ind. move to edge of city in ind. estates with access & space… attracts other settlement. Absence of communities: Entire inner city cmtys rehoused E.g. Ballymun… separated families, friends & generations… created insecurity.