Grade 7 History Review - Inquiry 1

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 Sendentarization
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Food supply = abundant
Territory = smaller
Skills = Newly developed

Farmers settled near their lands protected by high
stone walls and usually held between 150 and 200
people.

1. Flat lands
2. Fertile soil
3. Near water


Village at Mallaha
Village at Murreybet
Occupation Period
10 000 – 8000BC
8000BC
Rivers
Most likely
Most likely
Main Subsistence
Gazelle, boar, deer
Graminacae,
Building Shape
Round
Square





Located in Turkey
Home to 7000 people
Square/rectangular houses built of bricks
No streets. Houses were attached to each other.
Interior walls decorated with frescos of bulls, deer,
boars, bears and hunting scenes along with
statuettes of mother goddesses for fertility.
1.
Population Increase:
 With the abundance of food, the global population increased
considerably. Along with this increase in population, came an
increase in skilled tradesmen, creating;
2.
Social Division of Labour:
 The emergence of new skilled trades added a social division of
labour to the existing sexual division.



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
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Mining
Basketry
Pottery
Weaving
Metallurgy
Warriors
◦ Earlier on, the entire village participated in agricultural
work, but complex tasks were slowly assigned to specific
individuals.
◦ These people gave up agriculture. They are no longer
linked to perform tasks directly linked to food production.
3.
Political Power:
Models of Political organization:
◦ Strong Central Authority: A single leader advised by his close
family and friends controls the village and coordinates all major
work.
◦ Village Council: This assembly gathers together the families of the
village to make community based decisions.
 Political power = Social hierarchy.

Skilled trades people were deemed more important and
powerful within a group, than mere peasants. They may
have received more food from the surplus.
My mother continued her shopping at the same stores,
she used to visit, having to travel great distances for
food. Is that not the same as having to go and hunt for
food? If we were sedentary, why didn’t she simply go
to the local stores like the Neolithic individuals tending
to their gardens?
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