Medieval Chinese Literature (Volume B) Background Period of Disunion (220–589) • Han Empire crumbles • “Way of Great Peace,” 184 • Three Kingdoms Period • Shu, Wu, and Wei • invasion by nonChinese in 316 Buddhism • • • • Four Noble Truths Eightfold Path conversion in China relationship to Confucian beliefs • Silk Road transmission Daoism • Master Texts of Laoizi and Zhuangzi • Daoist practices • relation to Buddhism • recluse culture • “Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove” • Tao Gian Sui and Tang Dynasties (589–907) • Chang’an, the old northern capital • canal between the Yangzi and Yellow rivers • grid pattern for urban design • tea and printing • Buddhism • Buddhist Diamond Sutra, 868 Tang Decline (755) • civil service exam • changes in poetic style • Wang Wei, Li Bo, Du Fu • Yuan Zhen, “The Story of Yingying” • Emperor Xuanzong and Yang Guifei, 755 • Bo Juyi, “Song of Lasting Regret” Song Dynasty (960–1279) • loss of aristocratic power • Hangzhou court • Mongol invasion • printing technology • reexamination of the Confucian classics • Li Qingzhao, “song lyrics” Tang China Test Your Knowledge Which of the following contributed to the weakening of the Han Empire (206 B.C.E— 220 C.E.)? a. natural disasters b. a poorly organized army c. inflation d. emigration Test Your Knowledge What religion spread widely, and quickly, throughout China, prior to the Tang and Song dynasties? a. Christianity b. Buddhism c. Islam d. Zoroastrianism Test Your Knowledge The Sui Dynasty united, at least in part, an otherwise disjointed Chinese nation by building what? a. the Great Wall of China b. a bridge linking the east and west c. a canal between two major rivers d. trade routes to the north and south Test Your Knowledge Which of the following was invented under the Tang Dynasty? a. printing b. fireworks c. the auto loom d. dynamite Test Your Knowledge Printed in 868, which of the following is considered to be the oldest printed book? a. the Kama Sutra b. the Tao c. the Vulgate Bible d. the Buddhist Diamond Sutra This concludes the Lecture PowerPoint presentation for The Norton Anthology of World Literature Visit the StudySpace at: http://wwnorton.com/studyspace For more learning resources, please visit the StudySpace site for The Norton Anthology Of World Literature.