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PRESENTED BY:
FF BRANYON WILLIAMS
OBJECTIVES:
• CAUSES OF CHIMNEY FIRES
• CHIMNEY CONSTRUCTION
• SCENE SAFETY
• EXTENSION
• EXTINGUISHMENT
CAUSES OF
CHIMNEY FIRES
• IGNITION OF CREOSOTE
• IGNITION OF COMBUSTIBLE
MATERIALS NEAR CHIMNEY OR
HEATING DEVICE
WHAT IS CREOSOTE?
• A FLAMMABLE, OILY LIQUID
MIXTURE OF TAR DERIVED FROM
WOOD
• INCOMPLETE COMBUSTION OF
IMPROPERLY SEASONED OR
INCORRECT WOOD
CHIMNEY
CONSTRUCTION
MASONRY
• BRICK/STONE
• LINED WITH FIRE
CLAY FLUE OR
BRICK
• USES CEMENT
MIXTURE TO JOIN
BRICK AND FLUE
LINING
METAL
• DOUBLE OR TRIPLE
WALL
• STAINLESS STEEL
OR GALVANIZED
METAL
• UL RATING
ORDINARY
CONSTRUCTION
• WOOD FRAMED
• MULTIPLE EXTERIOR
FINISHES
• STEEL LINER
VARIOUS CHIMNEY
CAPS
• LIMITS ACCESSIBILITY
• PERMANENTLY ATTACHED
• NO EXISTING CHIMNEY CAP
SCENE SAFETY
ALWAYS CONSIDER:
•
•
•
•
WEATHER
ROOF DESIGN
LADDERS
PPE & SCBA
WEATHER
• TEMPERATURE
• PRECIPITATION
ROOF DESIGN
• ROOF PITCH
• ROOF CONSTRUCTION
– METAL
– ASPHALT SHINGLES
– SLATE
– CEDAR SHAKE
LADDERS
• GROUND LADDERS
• ROOF LADDERS
• AERIAL DEVICE
PPE & SCBA
• SHOULD BE WORN ON ALL
CHIMNEY FIRE INCIDENTS***
***CREOSOTE IS VERY TOXIC & IS A CARCINOGEN.
• MONITOR AIR SAMPLES FOR CO
LEVELS
EXTENSION
CHECK:
•
•
•
•
EXTERIOR WALLS
INTERIOR WALLS
ATTIC AREAS
ALL AREAS IN CONTACT WITH THE
CHIMNEY ON ALL FLOORS
• UTILIZE THERMAL IMAGING
CAMERAS
EXTINGUISHMENT
• REMOVE COMBUSTIBLES
• CHIMNEY BOMBS
• PPV & DRY CHEMICAL
EXTINGUISHERS
• CHIMNEY NOZZLE
• SALVAGE
REMOVE COMBUSTIBLES
• METAL CONTAINER
• SHOVEL
• EXTINGUISH COMBUSTIBLES
OUTSIDE IN A SAFE AREA
CHIMNEY BOMBS
• PLASTIC BAGS FILLED WITH
CHEMICAL AGENT THAT ARE
DROPPED FROM ROOF TOP DOWN
THE CHIMNEY
• ALL ENGINE COMPANIES ARE
EQUIPPED WITH CHIMNEY KITS***
***CHIMNEY BOMBS, MIRROR AND A HAND LIGHT
PPV & DRY CHEMICAL
EXTINGUISHERS
• PPV FANS SET IN FRONT OF
STOVES/FIREPLACES TO CREATE A
DRAFTING EFFECT
• SHORT BURSTS FROM THE DRY
CHEMICAL EXTINGUISHER ARE
DIRECTED UP THE CHIMNEY
CHIMNEY NOZZLE
• WATER IS NOT PREFERRED IN
CHIMNEY FIRE EXTINGUISHMENT
• WAGON 5 IS THE ONLY PIECE OF
APPARTUS IN THE CITY THAT IS
EQUIPPED WITH A CHIMNEY NOZZLE
SALVAGE
• SALVAGE COVERS
• HALL RUNNERS
• CLOSE-UP KITS
FOLLOW PROPER
RED TAG
PROCEDURE
REMEMBER:
• CHIMNEY FIRES CAN RAPIDLY
EVOLVE INTO STRUCTURE
FIRES, ALWAYS BE PREPARED!
• WATER SUPPLY SHOULD
ALWAYS BE ESTABLISHED
• WFRD DOES NOT CLEAN
CHIMNEYS
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