Kamilia - Introduction to renewable energy resources

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Module: GIS tools for renewable
energy sources.
Lec.1: Introduction to renewable
energy sources
Kamilia Mukhanova
Department Heat, Gas Supply and
Ventilation, KSUCTA
Lecture plan
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Explain renewable and non-renewable energy
sources
Types of renewable energy
Use of each energy sources
GIS for renewable energy
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Energy resources
Non-renewable Energy
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Oil
Coal
Natural Gas
Nuclear Energy
Renewable Energy
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Solar Energy
Wind Power
Wave and Tidal Power
(Ocean energy)
Geothermal
Biomass
Hydropower
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Solar Energy
The Sun gives off radiating waves of heat and
light energy
How it works?
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Solar heating
Solar hot water
Solar electricity
Solar power plant
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Wind Energy
Horizontal movement of the air is called wind.
Wind is the result of the sun's uneven heating of
the atmosphere
• How it works?
– Wind turbines directly generate electricity
– Quite efficient (not a heat engine)
5
Biomass Energy
How it works?
– Traditional: combustion of wood
as fuel
– Production of a liquid or gaseous
biofuels
•Biogas from digestion of biomass in
the absence of oxygen
•Bioethanol from fermentation, often
from corn, sugar cane.
•Biodiesel from rapeseed and other
sources
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Geothermal Energy
• Uses heat from the earth's internal geologic
processes in order to produce electricity or
provide heating.
• How it works
– Geothermal power plants
• Use earth’s heat to power steam turbines
– Geothermal direct use
• Use hot springs (etc) as heat source
– Geothermal heat pumps
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GIS tools
for RES
GIS for Renewable energy
• Helps characterize the energy density of
renewable energy sources that vary with
TIME and LOCATION
• GIS tools support strategic planning of new
facilities and developing scenarios with
different technological possibilities in the
field of renewable energy
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GIS for Renewable energy
• GIS tools help
– save time and money when determining where and how
renewable energy sources (RES) should be used
– identify areas with high potential for developing RES,
– identify areas with restrictions on RES exploitation
(environmentally, economical or social)
– site renewable energy facilities
– assess the potential of RES
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GIS software
• GIS software for RES mapping
– ArcGIS
– GRASS
– SAGA
– ???
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ArcGIS
• Advanced Analysis and Geoprocessing
– Increase understanding and improve decision-making using
powerful modeling and analysis tools.
• Powerful Editing Tools
– Simplify data design, input, and cleanup with advanced editing
capabilities.
• Full Cartographic Production Process
– Automate many aspects of cartography, making intelligent map
production a less time-consuming task.
• Unlimited Sharing of Data and Maps
– Easily create and share information with individuals, groups, or
organizations.
(from www.esri.com)
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SAGA
SAGA a desktop GIS core features
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Scientific modules
Import/Export to different file formats
Reprojection/Resampling of data
Manipulation of point clouds from lidar data
Image analysis
Digital Terrain Analysis
Geostatistics: modules for variogram fitting and kriging
Managing and visualising data, 3D visualisation
SAGA can be accessed from the R statistical language
through the RSAGA module
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Solar radiation mapping
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Solar rrradiation mapping
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Wind Resource Map
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Geothermal wells
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Questions???
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