Objective - efdtraining.org

• General knowledge in proper operation of Ladder
• Ability to recognize safety hazards during ladder
• Demonstrate rescuing a conscious victim using the
aerial ladder.
• Ability to perform monthly Aerial Ladder
• Ability to perform the Aerial Ladder post use
Aerial Ladder Operations
• NFPA 1904 Standard For Aerial Ladder
and Elevated Platform Operations
• WAC 296-305-04511 Elevated Platforms
• IFSTA Essentials of Fire Fighting fourth
edition chapter 14
• Sutphen fire apparatus owners manual
Aerial Ladder Use Guidelines
• Aerial ladders shall not be positioned under
dangerous cornices or other loose overhanging
objects that may endanger fire fighters working
on, or climbing the ladder. The only exception to
this rule is where rescue operations are essential.
• Fire apparatus aerial ladders shall be positioned
for the the greatest stability according to the WAC
and manufacturer’s recommendation.
• When working on a slope the aerial ladder
apparatus shall be placed facing downhill.
Aerial Ladder Use Guidelines
• Ground jacks shall be deployed before the aerial
ladder is put into operation
• Ground plates shall be deployed under jacks at all
• Sand should be placed under the ground plates
when operating in ice or snow
• Wheel chocks shall be deployed at all times while
the aerial ladder is in use
Aerial Ladder Use Guidelines
• A maximum number of two fire fighters are
permitted on the ladder at one time
• Aerial ladders shall not be extended or retracted
while fire fighters are climbing the ladder
• When necessary to position fire fighters on the
aerial ladder, they shall be secured by a life belt
• Firefighters are not permitted to “lock in” to the
aerial ladder with their legs.
Aerial Ladder Use Guidelines
• The operator of an aerial ladder shall remain
at the turntable whenever firefighters are
working off of the aerial ladder
• *Exception* If the aerial ladder is left in
position as a ground ladder, no operator is
needed at the turntable
Energized Electrical Lines
• The minimum clearance for electrical lines
rated 50 kv and below shall be 10 feet
• For lines rated above 50 kv the minimum
clearance shall be 10 feet plus 0.4 inches for
each additional kv
• The hydraulic jacks on an aerial ladder shall not
be “short jacked” at any time during operation
Daily Aerial Inspection
• A daily inspection of the aerial ladder shall be
performed. The daily inspection shall include, but
is not limited to the following:
• All equipment that is normally attached to the
ladder is properly secured
• Spotlights are operational and secured
• All accessory items have been removed from the
• Aerial hours: Check and note the hours of use
documented in the “Aerial Use Logbook” located
in the watch room at headquarters
Post Use Inspection
• A visual inspection shall be made of the aerial
ladder following each use before it is retracted and
bedded if possible. The inspection shall include
but is not limited to the following.
• All equipment that was used on the aerial is
properly secured
• All equipment that is normally mounted on the
aerial apparatus is properly secured
• Check for obstacles that may interfere with the
aerial ladder during retraction
Post Use Inspection
• A visual inspection should be made of any
surface of the aerial ladder that came into
contact with a building or any obstruction
prior to retraction
• Anytime the aerial ladder is subjected to
direct flame contact, the affected area shall
be examined for discoloration, deformity
and blistering.
Monthly Aerial Ladder Inspection, Care
and Maintenance
• Power Take Off: Check for proper shifting and
• Automatic Transmission: Check for fluid leakage
• Hydraulic System: Check Fluid level, valves,
lines, fittings and cylinders for leakage.
• Slides/Rollers: Check for breakage and proper
Monthly Aerial Ladder Inspection, Care
and Maintenance
Emergency operation: Check for proper operation
Load Chart: Check Legibility
Intercom: Check operation and condition
Hydraulic Pressure Gauge: Check pressure at fast
idle/full elevation, record on aerial ladder monthly
inspection form.
• Jacks: Check operation, condition, locks and pins
• Cables: Check for even tension among pairs and
signs of damage or wear
Monthly Aerial Ladder Inspection, Care
and Maintenance
• Rungs: Check for bends, deformities and
condition of rung covers
• Beams/Rails: Check alignment and signs of heat
damage, physical damage.
• Rivets: Check for loose rivets and apparent defects
• Pulleys: Check for cracks or pieces missing out of
• Function Test: Check for proper operation of
lights, controls, indicators, hydraulic operations
Aerial Testing
• The aerial ladder ladder as well as the support
section for the turntable, shall undergo a nondestructive test conducted by a certified testing
agency every five (5) years
• If at any time the aerial ladder incurs structural
damage it shall be placed out of service. The
damaged aerial shall not be placed back into
service until the damaged section has been
repaired and the ladder re-certified
• Rungs or rails that have been subject to unusual
impact shall be tested before usage
Do’s and Don’ts
• Always use hydraulic
jacks and wheel
• When operating on a
slope always place
apparatus facing down
Do’s and Don’ts
• Never “short jack”
Hydraulic jacks
Load Chart
• Load chart located left
of the pump panel
• Never exceed
Know the Proper use of
• Improper use of
equipment may result
in serious injury or
Remain Alert
• Hydraulic jacks can
cause serious crushing
Maximum Tip Load
• With all jacks in
position the maximum
tip load is 500 LB
Keep Clear Of Electrical Lines
• Be aware of electrical
lines before any
attempt is made to
place aerial ladder into
Location of Auxiliary motor and
High speed Idle Switch
• In the event the PTO fails
there is an auxiliary
motor. Be efficient in
moving the aerial ladder
and personnel out of
harms way.
• Never “power in” when
bedding , extending, or
retracting the aerial ladder
Intercom system
• Always use the
intercom system when
operating on the
Aerial Ladder Controls
• Located near the turn
• Three controls
• Extend and Retract
• Rotate Left and Right
• Raise and Lower
• Never operate two
controls at once
• Always wear PPE
• Minimum of
Helmet,Gloves and
Safety Belt
Ladder Placement
• Place ladder along side of
the roof so fire fighters
may step off of the ladder
directly on to the roof
• When possible extend
ladder six feet above the
roof access. This provides
better ladder visibility in
the event of rapid egress
for firefighters who are
conducting roof top
Rung Alignment
• When possible try to
align ladder rungs.
• Increases climbing
• Reduces firefighter
Ladder Rungs
• Check for bent rungs
• Look for damaged
• Make sure rung
coverings are in place
• Make sure anti-skid
surface is in good
Ladder Construction
• Has no welds
• Held together by rivets
• Heat causes thermal
expansion resulting in
rivet failure and
possible ladder failure
PTO and Pump Engagement
• Located in cab
• Step by step
instructions located on
the dashboard
• Engage PTO before
Aerial Ladder Operator
• Must always remain at the
turntable when firefighters
are on the ladder unless it
is being used as a ground
• Never rotate the Aerial
ladder when the water
pipe is in use. The nozzle
reaction can cause the
ladder to fail
Aerial Ladder Operator
• Should always be in a
position where a clear
line of sight can be
maintained with
firefighters working
on the ladder
• Should always have a
spotter when
positioning the aerial
Aerial Ladder Operator
• Never use the ladder
as battering ram (with
the exception of
window glass)
Always Drain the Waterway
• Completely drain the
waterway before
retracting the Aerial
• Failure to due this will
damage the seals of
the waterway
Hale Pump
• Rated at 1,500gpm at
Ladder Tip Nozzle Control
• Ability to change your
nozzle pattern
• Rotate your ladder left and
• Raise or lower your nozzle
• The remote nozzle control
on the turntable has been
Waterway Gauge
• To have 100psi at the
aerial ladder tip the
waterway pressure
gauge should read
Carrying Tools up the Ladder
• Always have three
points of contact on
the ladder while
ascending or
• Always test start
power tools to ensure
proper function before
ascending the aerial
Rescuing Victims from a Ladder
• A conscious victim
should be lowered feet
first facing the same
direction of the
Major Responsibilities of a Truck
Make entry
Conduct a search and rescue
Conduct salvage
Place ladders
Perform ventilation
Check for fire extension
Set up lighting equipment
Control utilities
Place elevated master streams
Conduct overhaul
Elevated Master Stream
• Primarily a defensive
• Can be used in a
transitional attack
• Should never be sprayed
into a structure while
interior fire suppression is
• Can be used for gross
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