Chapter_11

advertisement
Chapter 11 Review
Atmosphere
Which of the following is a
component of the atmosphere
which changes very little?
1.
2.
3.
4.
water vapor
nitrogen
carbon dioxide
ozone
0%
1
0%
0%
2
3
0%
4
What process is
being modeled in
the picture?
1.
2.
3.
4.
conduction
convection
radiation
emission
0%
1
0%
0%
2
3
0%
4
How does this
process appear in the
atmosphere?
1. The transferring of thermal energy
from Earth to the Sun.
2. The blocking of light energy by
Earth.
3. The transferring of thermal energy
from the Sun to Earth.
4. The absorption of thermal energy
by the ozone layer.
0%
1
0%
0%
2
3
0%
4
Celsius
Kelvin
10°C
283 K
___
0K
25°C
___
___
100 K
How can the Celsius
scale be converted to
the Kelvin scale?
1. By adding 273 to the Celsius
temperature.
2. By adding 273 to the Kelvin
temperature.
3. By subtracting 273 from the
Celsius temperature.
4. By adding 283 to the Celsius
temperature.
0%
1
0%
0%
2
3
0%
4
Celsius
10°C
___
25°C
___
1.
2.
3.
4.
Kelvin
283 K
0K
___
100 K
273°C and 173°C
-283°C and -183°C
273°C and 373°C
-273°C and -173°C
What are the
two missing
Celsius
values?
0%
1
0%
0%
2
3
0%
4
Celsius
10°C
___
25°C
___
Kelvin
283 K
0K
___
100 K
1.
2.
3.
4.
308 K
248 K
258 K
298 K
What is the
missing Kelvin
value?
0%
1
0%
0%
2
3
0%
4
What is the Celsius scale based on?
1. the zero point of the
Kelvin scale
2. thermal energy
3. the freezing and
boiling points of water
4. the absolute zero point
0%
1
0%
0%
2
3
0%
4
Where would you expect to find
the strongest wind?
1.
2.
3.
4.
forest
desert
city
mountains
0%
1
0%
0%
2
3
0%
4
How much
water vapor
3
does 1cm
contain at 0°C?
1.
2.
3.
4.
-20 g/m3
5 g/m3
10 g/m3
0 g/m3
0%
1
0%
0%
2
3
0%
4
If the temperature is
35°C and the relative
humidity is 25 percent,
how much water vapor
is in the air?
1.
2.
3.
4.
40 g/m3
10 g/m3
33 g/m3
8.25 g/m3
0%
1
0%
0%
2
3
0%
4
Cloud
Height
Description
A
1850 m
puffy, lumpy-looking
clouds
B
6200 m
wispy, thin clouds
C
2760 m
gray, thin sheets of clouds
D
1200 m
layered sheet like clouds
E
5822 m
large, round masses of
white clouds
1.
2.
3.
4.
A and C
B and E
C and E
A and D
Which clouds
would be
considered low
clouds?
0%
1
0%
0%
2
3
0%
4
Cloud
Height
Description
A
1850 m
puffy, lumpylooking clouds
B
6200 m
wispy, thin
clouds
C
2760 m
gray, thin sheets
of clouds
D
1200 m
layered sheet
like clouds
E
5822 m
large, round
masses of white
clouds
1.
2.
3.
4.
Altocumulus
Altostratus
Cirrocumulus
Cirrostratus
What could
cloud C be
classified as?
0%
1
0%
0%
2
3
0%
4
Cloud
Height
Description
A
1850 m
puffy,
lumpylooking
clouds
B
6200 m
wispy, thin
clouds
C
2760 m
gray, thin
sheets of
clouds
D
1200 m
layered
sheet like
clouds
E
5822 m
large, round
masses of
white clouds
Which cloud
forms when
fog lifts away
from Earth’s
surface?
1.
2.
3.
4.
B
C
D
E
0%
1
0%
0%
2
3
0%
4
What type of precipitation occurs as
rain droplets move up and down
through freezing and nonfreezing air?
1.
2.
3.
4.
snow
hail
sleet
rain
0%
1
0%
0%
2
3
0%
4
Earth’s atmosphere contains
more ____ than any other
substance.
1.
2.
3.
4.
hydrogen and nitrogen
helium and oxygen
nitrogen and oxygen
carbon and nitrogen
0%
1
0%
0%
2
3
0%
4
When the temperature in the
atmosphere reaches the ____,
condensation occurs.
1.
2.
3.
4.
flash point
dew point
evaporation point
inversion point
0%
1
0%
0%
2
3
0%
4
____ can act as a lid or trap, thus
worsening air-pollution problems.
1. Temperature
inversions
2. Relative humidity
3. Lifted condensation
levels
4. Convection currents
0%
1
0%
0%
2
3
0%
4
An air mass that has high ____
resists rising.
1.
2.
3.
4.
moisture
density
stability
heat
0%
1
0%
0%
2
3
0%
4
Condensation nuclei are particles
of atmospheric dust around
which ____.
1.
2.
3.
4.
ozone collects
cloud droplets form
evaporation occurs
winds form
0%
1
0%
0%
2
3
0%
4
In orographic lifting, clouds form
when moist winds ____.
1. flow over the sea
2. become drier
3. encounter
mountains
4. warm up the ground
0%
1
0%
0%
2
3
0%
4
Cloud droplets collide to form
larger droplets in a process called
____.
1.
2.
3.
4.
coalescence
convection
condensation
composition
0%
1
0%
0%
2
3
0%
4
also contains the ionosphere
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Mesosphere
Thermosphere
Exosphere
0%
1
0%
2
0%
0%
3
4
0%
5
contains the ozone layer
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Mesosphere
Thermosphere
Exosphere
0%
1
0%
2
0%
0%
3
4
0%
5
considered a transitional region
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Mesosphere
Thermosphere
Exosphere
0%
1
0%
2
0%
0%
3
4
0%
5
where weather occurs
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Mesosphere
Thermosphere
Exosphere
0%
1
0%
2
0%
0%
3
4
0%
5
temperatures decrease due to very little
solar radiation absorption
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Mesosphere
Thermosphere
Exosphere
0%
1
0%
2
0%
0%
3
4
0%
5
The layer between the stratosphere and
thermosphere
1. exosphere
2. ionosphere
3. mesosphere
4. stratosphere
5. thermosphere
6. troposphere
0%
1
0%
0%
0%
2
3
4
0%
0%
5
6
The layer in which most pollution
occurs
1. exosphere
2. ionosphere
3. mesosphere
4. stratosphere
5. thermosphere
6. troposphere
0%
1
0%
0%
0%
2
3
4
0%
0%
5
6
The atmosphere’s outermost layer
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
exosphere
ionosphere
mesosphere
stratosphere
thermosphere
troposphere
0%
1
0%
0%
0%
2
3
4
0%
0%
5
6
Layer within the thermosphere filled with
electrically charged particles
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
exosphere
ionosphere
mesosphere
stratosphere
thermosphere
troposphere
0%
1
0%
0%
0%
2
3
4
0%
0%
5
6
The part of the atmosphere containing
the ozone layer
1. exosphere
2. ionosphere
3. mesosphere
4. stratosphere
5. thermosphere
6. troposphere
0%
1
0%
0%
0%
2
3
4
0%
0%
5
6
Air temperatures in
this layer can reach
higher than 1000° C
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
exosphere
ionosphere
mesosphere
stratosphere
thermosphere
troposphere
0%
1
0%
2
0%
0%
3
4
0%
0%
5
6
Step 1
1. evaporation
2. condensation,
cloud
formation
3. precipitation
0%
1
0%
2
0%
3
Step 2
1. evaporation
2. condensation,
cloud
formation
3. precipitation
0%
1
0%
2
0%
3
Step 3
1. evaporation
2. condensation,
cloud
formation
3. precipitation
0%
1
0%
2
0%
3
The temperature to which air must be
cooled at constant pressure to reach
saturation
1. latent heat
2. stability
3. ozone
4. radiation
5. dew point
6. precipitation
0%
1
0%
0%
0%
2
3
4
0%
0%
5
6
The gas formed by adding a third
oxygen atom to an oxygen molecule
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
latent heat
stability
ozone
radiation
dew point
precipitation
0%
1
0%
0%
0%
2
3
4
0%
0%
5
6
Heat that is stored in a substance
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
latent heat
stability
ozone
radiation
dew point
precipitation
0%
1
0%
0%
0%
2
3
4
0%
0%
5
6
An air mass’s ability to resist rising
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
latent heat
stability
ozone
radiation
dew point
precipitation
0%
1
0%
0%
0%
2
3
4
0%
0%
5
6
All forms of water that fall from clouds
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
latent heat
stability
ozone
radiation
dew point
precipitation
0%
1
0%
0%
0%
2
3
4
0%
0%
5
6
The transfer of energy through space by
electromagnetic waves
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
latent heat
stability
ozone
radiation
dew point
precipitation
0%
1
0%
0%
0%
2
3
4
0%
0%
5
6
A combination of many liquids
makes up Earth’s atmosphere.
1. True
2. False
0%
1
0%
2
The source of rain, clouds, and
snow is ozone.
1. True
2. False
0%
1
0%
2
The sun shines on and warms
Earth’s surface directly in a
method of energy transfer known
as radiation.
1. True
2. False
0%
1
0%
2
The density of air increases as
altitude decreases.
1. True
2. False
0%
1
0%
2
If the amount of moisture in the air
remains the same and the
temperature rises, the relative
humidity will decrease.
1. True
2. False
0%
1
0%
2
The atmosphere is composed
mostly of helium and oxygen,
with traces of other gases such as
carbon dioxide and water vapor.
1. True
2. False
0%
1
0%
2
The stratosphere is important
because it contains nitrogen,
which blocks harmful ultraviolet
radiation from the Sun.
1. True
2. False
0%
1
0%
2
Both temperature and pressure
generally decrease with height in
the troposphere.
1. True
2. False
0%
1
0%
2
The amount of water vapor in a
given volume of air is its relative
humidity.
1. True
2. False
0%
1
0%
2
The height in the atmosphere at
which condensation occurs is the
lifted condensation level.
1. True
2. False
0%
1
0%
2
A temperature inversion is a
decrease in temperature with
height in the atmosphere.
1. True
2. False
0%
1
0%
2
Download
Related flashcards

Heat transfer

25 cards

Refractory materials

29 cards

Heat transfer

25 cards

Create Flashcards