betawi - Courseware

Bekasi and Tangerang map
ted more
in Bekasi
g, Java
One of Jakarta’s major ethnic groups
Their culture emerged from the melting pot
of races, ethnic groups and cultures of
Indonesia in the 19th century
Strong Islam and Javanese influences in
the Betawi culture of arts and music
Betawi has a wonderful culture of its own
Music : Gambang Kromong, Rebana
Dances: Cokek, Samra, Japin, Blenggo
Puppet play: Wayang Kulit Betawi, Ondel
Ondel ondel
Huge male or female puppet, about 2.5m
height, made from wooden bamboo
Their parades are usually accompanied by
gambang koromong music
Man's Costume :
A thight - length coat with normal trousers,
Slip - on shoes
Traditional Betawi headgear
A special belt, called lokcan
A dagger slipped in the belt
A watch chain with a tiger claw attached
Woman's dress :
A long Kebaya with buttened cuffs
A sarong with the lasem motif
Pointed sandals with low heels
A hair - piece of the cepol type
A veil matching the kebaya
A heavy gold or silver belt
A three - teir brooch to fasten the kebaya
Map of Yogyakarta
The earliest recorded history dates back to the
9th century which was dominated by Hindu and
buddhist kingdoms.
 Yogyakarta itself dates back to the 18th century
when the Muslim Mataram Kingdom was ruled
by Paku Buwono II. After his death, there was a
conflict between his son and his brother which
was encouraged by the dutch who were trying
to colonize the region on a ‘ divide and rule’
Temple of Borobudur
Population: 30,851,144
(2000 census), which
makes it the third mostpopulous province in
Main gateway to the
center of Java where it is
geographically located.
Consists of five regencies
and is one of the 26
provinces in Indonesia.
Yogya: Distinct, traditional Javanese character. From 1946 to 1949, it was the
capital of the Indonesian Replublic but for now it is the capital of the special
territory of Yogyakarta
Yogyakarta Royal Troops
Most of yogyakarta’s people
are muslims. The main
language of the city and the
territory is Javanese.
Agriculture produce in the
territory includes corn,
peanuts, rice and soybeans
and there are many
plantations of cacao, coconuts,
coffee, cotton, kapok, pepper,
rubber, tobacco and vanilla.
Harvesting crops farmers raise
buffaloes, cows, goats, hogs,
horses and poultry as their
main source of income.
Major Festivals
Greberb Syawal Ceremony (December/January)
expresses praise and gratefulness to God by Moslems
after having completed their fasting duty in the sacred
month of Ramadhan. The ceremony begins with the
parade of the Kraton guards in their colourful uniforms
comprising of the Wirobrojo, Daeng, Ketanggung,
Jogokaryo, Prawirotomo, Mantrijero troops lead by their
commander-in-chief. Marching from the Siti Hinggil,
through the Pagelaran to the Northern Square and then
the Gunungan procession soon follows.
• Tanggap Warsa Suro (Javanese New Year)
(Anytime from March to May) The Javanese calendar
was created by Sultan Agung, King of the Mataram
Dinasty, during the 16th century in Java. He mixed the
Caka calendar with the Arabic calendar, (while the Caka
calendar was a mixture between the original Javanese
calendar and the Hinduist calendar in the first century).
The Javanese New Year celebrations are started off with
wayang kulit performances on Parangtritis beach close to
Yogyakarta itself.
Major Festivals
Anniversary of Buntul Regency (July) The celebration of
Bantul's anniversary is done in the traditional way. Traditional
processions are held with its participants clad in traditional Javanese
dresses, accompanied by various folk dances. It is held at
Trirenggono square, Bantul starting early and ending with a
procession of heirlooms. This procession uses andong (four-wheeled
horse cars) escorted by guards in traditional dress.
The End
Presented by:
Pua Weicheng (u037438b)
Quek boon Guan Danny (u020094h)
Hii Meng Ni (u041909x)
Sarah Mei (ht040980l)
The Indonesian Island of Bali
Geographical Location
• One of the 14,000 islands that make up
• Located 8 to 9 degrees south of the
equator, east of Java and west of the
Lesser Sunda Islands namely Sumbawa,
Flores, Sumba and Timor
• Area of 5632 square km and measures up
to 140km from east to west and 90km
from north to south
Geographical Location
• Consists of a chain of 6 volcanoes,
between 1350m to 3014m, which
stretches from west to east, with Gunung
Agung being the tallest
• Has lush tropical forests, crater lakes,
rivers, rice terraces, fertile vegetable and
fruit gardens
• The most important form of agriculture on
the island is the rice crop
• Tropical weather with temperature ranging
from 20 to 33 degrees celsius all year
• Rainy season from September to February,
with the rest of the year being the dry
• Will need sweater in higher regions of the
island, for example, in the mountainous
regions of Kintamani
Population & Economy
• Over 3 million, with 93.18% being Hindus
• Most people live in the coastal areas in the
• Economy fuelled mainly by the Tourist
industry and supported by agricultural
production and trade revenues, namely,
from the textile industry and small scale
industries producing handicrafts and
Women in Traditional Costumes
during a ceremony in Bali
Balinese in Traditional Dresses in
Bali Arts Festival
The Bali Arts Festival is a full month of daily performances, handicraft exhibitions
and other related cultural and commercial activities during which literally the whole of
Bali comes to the city to present its offerings of dance, music and beauty.
On display are trances from remote mountain slopes, forgotten or recently revived
village dances, food and offering contests, classical palace dances, stars of Balinese
stage, odd musical performances, "kreasi baru" (new creations) from the dance
schools of Denpasar, as well as contemporary choreography and dance companies
from other islands and from abroad.
Long, narrow island near northeast
coast of Java
Pamekasan, the capital
area of approximately 4,250 km²,
66 outlying islands
Beautiful beaches, clear blue waters
Slopeng beach and Lombang beach
near Sumenep city
Slopeng Beach
Lombang Beach
Language: Madurese
population of about 2.3 million
Predominantly Muslim
farming, fishing, and cattle-raising
Local products: ikan, garam
annual bull racing (kerapan sapi)
Bull Racing
Bulls of Madurese stock
Do You Know?
Special fodder for bulls!
Leaves of corn, soybean and good grass
traditional spices like ginger, pepper, chilli, honey,
beer and tens even hundreds of eggs
believed to warm and strengthen the bulls
The mixture is forced into the mouths of the bulls
using a bamboo lath.
Bulls in Action
Rider on a bamboo sled pulled by a
pair of colorfully decorated bulls
Priscilla Fan Weiping
Lim Yong Hao
Terima Kasih
South Sulawesi
Baju Bodo
The traditional transparent
Bugis blouse, the baju bodo or '
short-sleeved blouse', is now
used especially for weddings
• accompanied by ornate gold
• it's colour indicate the
wearer's status
- unmarried girls wearing light
reds, while older women wore
darker colours
Map of Indonesia
South Sulawesi
previously known as
• an orchid shape island
• total land area 227.000
square kilometers
• population of 7 million
• very beautiful seashore
and highlands sceneries
• consist of 4 ethnic groups
- Bugis, Makassar, Mandar,
Famous attraction
• Sengkang -- Centre of Buginese
• Polewali-Mamasa – silk
sarongs and ratten furniture
• Ujung Pandang -- its fresh and
delicious seafoods, especially the
Bugis style ikan bakar or
barbequed fish
Bulukumba – sandy beaches and
traditional ship building
Ujung Pandang
• the capital city
of South
• formerly known
as Makassar
• the primary
port and airline
hub of the
• famous for its
trade and
• well known for its
specific culture
such as funeral
• animistic beliefs
• Toraja people grow rice
and raise buffalo
• traditional houses
(“tongkonan”) with roof
like a ship with a bow
and stern and colourful
• echo the horns of a
Done by:
Tang Hui Zhi
Fang Yixuan Lydia
Khoon Chai Wee
Tan Manhui Serene
Padang, West Sumatra
Entering Padang
About Padang
• Capital of West
• 500,000 people
• Largest port
• Minangkabau ethnic
About Minangkabau
Air Manis – “Sweet Waters”
Padang Houses
Provincial Museum