Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji: Life and Martydom of the Guru

Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji:
Life and Martydom of the Guru
Tegh Bahadur Simriey
Ghar Nau Nidh Awey Dhaaey
Sab Thhaain Hoey Sahaaey
Sri Guru Gobind Singh Sahib in Var Bhagauti
Contemplate and meditate on Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib
who is the merciful bestower of all the ‘Nine Treasures’
and is the Saviour all over, here and hereafter.
Family Tree
Father: Guru HarGobind Sahib Ji (6th Nanak)
Mother: Mata Nanki Ji
 Baba Gurditta Ji
 Baba Suraj Mal Ji
 Baba Ani Rai Ji
Guru Har Rai Ji
(7th Nanak)
Mata Krishan Kaur Ji
 Baba Atal Rai Ji
 Bibi Veero Ji
 Baba Ram Rai Ji
 Baba Tyag Mal Ji
 Guru Harkrishan Sahib Ji
(8th Nanak)
Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji
(9th Nanak)
Early Years
Born 1st April, 1621
5 Vaisakh, Bikrami Samvat 1678
Amritsar (Guru Ke Mahal)
Bhai Buddha Ji and Bhai Gurdas Ji
Deeply mystical temperament and long spells of seclusion and
Suraj Mal’s wedding (1629) – Bibi Bishan Kaur
14th September, 1632 – Mata Gujri Ji (Lal Chand)
Battle with Pande Khan – Tegh Bahadur (Kartarpur 1635)
Guru Har Rai Ji – appointed as the 7th Nanak
Moved to Baba Bakala with Mata Nanki Ji and Mata Gujri Ji
Stayed in the same house for 20 years
Guru Harkrishan Sahib Ji – ‘Baba Bakale’ (March 30, 1664)
Gurudwara Sahib
Guru Ke Mahal (Amritsar, Punjab)
Gurudwara Sahib
Baba Bakalae (Amritsar, Punjab)
Makhan Shah Lubana
 A rich trader and devout sikh from Tanda region (Now in
Ship caught in storm – 500 gold coins - 1665
22 different ‘Gurus’ – 2 gold coins
‘Guru Ladho Re… Guru Ladho Re’ March 20, 1665
Eldest son of Baba Gurditta Ji – Dhir Mal
Original Copy of Guru Granth Sahib Ji (Guru Arjan Dev Ji)
Masands – Sihan
 Attack on the Guru
 Lesson by Makhan Shah
 “I want my Sikhs to inscribe the instructions of the Granth
Sahib in their minds and souls and not permit them to
believe a particular copy of the Granth or any other symbol
or totem or sacred spot as conferring any special privilege to
its custodians.”
Jo Nar Dukh Meh Dukh Nahin Manai
Sukh Sneh Ar Bhai Nahin Jakai
Kanchan Mati Manai (pause)
Na Nindia Na Ustat Jakai
Lobh Moh Abhmana
Harkh Sog Tey Rahai Niaro
Nahe Maan Apmana
Asa Mansa Sagal Tyagey
Jag Tey Rahai Nirasa
Kaam Krodh Jeh Parsai Nahin
Teh Ghat Brahm Niwasa
Gur Kirpa Jeh Nar Ko Kini
Teh Eh Jugat Pachhani
Nanak Leen Bhayo Gobind Sion
Jion Pani Sang Pani
Sri Guru Granth Sahib (633)
“One who grieves not in misery
and delights not in pleasure,
who is free from fear and
and for whom gold and dust are
the same;
Who has renounced both praising
and blaming (flattery and
and is immune to greed, worldly
attachments and pride;
One who has discarded all
and lives a detached life,
lust and wrath touch him not
and in that heart the Lord dwells;
When the all Merciful Guru
blesses a disciple with His Grace,
only then does the disciple attain
this blessed spiritual state
and blends (merges) with the
Lord as water with water.
Maee Mai Dhan Paiyo Har Nam,
Man Mero Dhawan Tay
Kar Baithho Bisram
Maya Mamta Tan Tay Bhagi
Upajiyo Nirmal Gian,
Lobh Moh Eh Paras Na Sakai
Gahi Bhagat Bhagwan
Janam Janam Ka Sansa Chooka
Ratan Nam Jab Paiya,
Trishna Sakal Binasi Man Tay
Nij Sukh Mah Samaiya
Ja Kau Hot Dayal Kirpa Nidh
So Gobind Gun Gavai.
Kaho Nanak Ih Bidh Ke Sanpai
Kou Gurmukh Pavai.
Sri Guru Granth Sahib (1186)
O mother, I have been blessed with the
wealth of God’s Name.
My Mind is free from wandering and
is established in peace.
Avarice and worldly love dare not
touch me
and pure divine knowledge fills me.
Greed and desire can not affect me.
I am totally immersed in Lord’s
Fear of transmigration deserts when
blessed with the jewel of Lord’s Name.
My mind is free of all desire and I am
totally absorbed in bliss.
He to whom God - the Ocean of Grace
- shows mercy
sings the praise of the Lord of the
Nanak says: Rare is such a person
who amasses this kind of divine
wealth with the grace of the Guru.”
Guru and his journeys
 Visit to Harimandir Sahib, Amritsar
 Harji (Grandson of Prithi Chand & Son of Sodhi Mehervan)
 Damdama Sahib
 Moved to Kiratpur Sahib
 Established new Manjis (Centers for teaching Sikhism)
 Raja of Bilaspur – Bought Village Makhowal (Rs. 500)
 Founded Chak Nanaki (later Anandpur Sahib) 1665
 Left for East India along with his close family and Sikhs like
Bhai Mati Das, Bhai Sati Das, Bhai Dayal Das, Baba Gurditta
Ji and others
The Rule of Aurangzeb
 1618-1707
 Shah Jahan
 Viceroy of Deccan (1636-44)
and (1653-58)
At odds with Shah Jahan and
Dara Shikoh
Declared himself the Alamgir in
1658 – Mughal Emperor
Scholarly and austere
Devoted to Islam (Sunni)
Persecuted Hindus & Shias
 Abolished mixed marriages
 Jirga
 Job discrimination
 Destruction of Temples
Kashmiri Pandit
Aurangzeb’s Orders
Governor Iftikhar Khan
Guru Ji at Anandpur Sahib
Pandit Kirpa Ram of Mattan
(near Pahalgam) and 500
Gobind Rai
Message from the Guru
Installed Gobind Rai as the
next Guru (10th Nanak)
Left with Bhai Mati Das, Bhai
Sati Das, Bhai Dayala,
Arrested and taken to Sirhind
After some months, taken to
Those who fear are cowards
And, those who frighten are fools
He alone is an enlightened soul, says Nanak
who frightens none, and fear none
Bhai Mati Das
 Mohyam Brahmin of Village Kariala in
Jehlum District
 Son of Hira Nand
 Entrusted Mati Das and Sati Das to
Guru Har Rai
 Portfolio of Finance
 Delhi Court
 Japji Sahib
 Double handed saw
 “Nothing is born and nothing perishes
That alone happens what He wishes”
Bhai Dayala Ji
 Son of Mai Das
 Younger brother of Bhai Mani
Singh Ji
Left with Guru Har Rai (1657)
Minister of Domestic Affairs
Left him with Mata Gujri Ji at
Patna (1665) – Gobind Rai
November 9, 1675
Cauldron of boiling water
Bhai Sati Das
 Brother of Bhai Mati Das
 Writer cum translater of very
high caliber
 Scholar of Persian
 Spoke against the torture of
Bhai Mati Das and Bhai
 Bound in chains and
wrapped in cotton and
doused in oil
Martydom of Guru Ji
November 11, 1675
Chandni Chowk of Delhi
Orders of Aurangzeb
Sayyid Adam Shah along with
Qazis and other courtiers
 Jalal-ul-din of Samana
 "Wajudash ra chand hisse
namudah atraf-e-shaharawezand"
 Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib
constructed by Bhagel Singh
Karorsinghia in 1790
Bhai Jaita Rangretta
 1649-1705
 Mother - Kanno; Father - Sada
 Jaita, Nanu and Uda
 Furious Storm
 Reached Kiratpur on
November 15, 1675
 Taken to Anandpur Sahib and
cremated (Gurudwara Sis Ganj
 “Rangretta Guru Ka Betta”
 Bhai Jiwan Singh
 First Nagarchi (Ranjit Nagara)
 Battle of Chamkaur
Bhai Lakhi Shah Lubana
 Contractor
 Dumped the carts full of lime
 Help from sons – Naghiaya, Hema, Hari
and friend – Dhuma
 Pyre inside their own house
 Gurudwara Rakab Ganj Sahib
Tilak Janju Rakha Prabh Taka
Keeno bado kalu meh Saaka
Sadhan Het etee jin Karee
Sees Diya Par Si Na Uchri
Dharam Het Saaka Jin Keeya
Sees Deeya Par Sirar Na Deeya
Natak Chetak Keeya Kukaja
Prabh Lokan Keh Aavat Laaja
Theekar Phor Delees Sir
Prabh Pur Keeya Payaan
Tegh Bahadur See Keeya
Karhee Na Kinhu Aan
Tegh Bahadur Kae Chalat
Bhayo Jagat Ko Sog
Hai Hai Hai Sabh Jag Bhayo
Jai Jai Jai Sur Lok
Guru Tegh Bahadur was the
protector of the Tilak
And Janeu of the Hindus
He performed a unique act
in the age of Kali;
He made a supreme sacrifice for the
sake of the men of other faith.
He gave up his head without a groan;
He did this deed to defend Dharma.
He gave up his head but not his resolve.
Casting off his bodily vesture on the
head of Suzerain of Delhi;
He departed to the Realm of God.
None who came into this world
performed glorious deeds as he.
Tegh Bahadur is gone !
This world cried, “Alas, Alas!”
The Heaven rings with Hallelujahs !
Jai Jai Victory to Dharma,
Welcoming his return Home !
The angels sing:
The Victor comes home !
The Victor comes home !
Guru Gobind Singh, Bachitar Natak
Nine Treasures bestowed by the Guru
 ijih pRwnI haumY qjI krqw rwm pCwin]
khu nwnk vhu mukiq nru ieh mn swcI mwnu]
Only that person is truly liberated who gives up egotism
and realizes God as the doer.
 hrKu sogu jw kY nhI bYrI mIq smwin]
khu nwnk sun ry mnw mukq qwih qY jwin]
Consider only those as liberated who are beyond pleasure
and pain and treat foes and friends alike.
 BY kwhU kau dyq nih nih BY mwnq Awin]
khu nwnk suin ry mnw igAwnI qwih bKwn]
A spiritually awakened person neither frightens nor fears
any one.
Nine Treasures bestowed by the Guru
 ausqiq inMidAw nwih ijih kMcn loh smwin]
khu nwnk suin ry mnw mukq qwih qY jwin]
Consider only that person as liberated who is free from praise
and slander and for whom both gold and iron are alike.
 qrnwpo ieau hI gieE lIE jrw qnu jIiq]
khu nwnk Bju hir mnw AauD jwq hY bIiq]
Youth has passed away futilely and then old age has taken
control of the body;
Meditate on God, O my mind, your life is slipping away.
 jqn bhuq suK ky kIey duK ko kIE n koie]
khu nwnk suin ry mnw hir BwvY so hoie]
Lot of effort is made for pleasure, none for pain. But only that
happens which pleases God.
Nine Treasures bestowed by the Guru
 suKu mY bhu sMgI Bey duK mY sMig n koie]
khu nwnk hir Bju mnw AMiq shweI hoie]
Many become companions during good times but all desert in
Meditate on God who will be the only support in the end.
 qnu Dnu sMpY suK dIE Aru ijh nIky Dwm]
khu nwnk sunu ry mnw ismrq kwhy n rwmu]
O my mind, why don't you remember God who has given you a
body, wealth, pleasures of property and beautiful dwellings.
 rwmu gieE rwvnu gieE jw kau bhu prvwru]
khu nwnk iQr kCu nhI supny ijau sMswru]
Both Ram Chander and Ravan perished despite having support of
large families. Nothing is everlasting in this dream-like world.
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