United States and Canada Unit Four What assumption can be made about economic activity and climate in North America? Less forestry occurs in mid-latitude climates. Which geographic factor most likely had the greatest influence on the pattern of settlements in eastern Canada? Proximity to water sources for transportation. What is true concerning the vegetation zones of the United States and Canada? The United States has more varied vegetation zones than Canada. This area has a subarctic climate with daily temperatures ranging between 30° and 70 °. The area is covered by coniferous forest, and the primary economic activities are forestry, commercial farming, and hunting-gathering. Which region of Canada is being described? Central How does the distribution of languages reflect the history of Canada? Early French settlements were primarily in eastern Canada. Which of the following is a likely characteristic of a rural community? A. Use of high tech equipment B. Transportation center C. Agricultural traditions D. Industrialization Which of the following has been a benefit of globalization? A. B. C. D. Loss of local culture Widespread environmental impacts Pandemics Increased standard of living How have advances in agricultural technology been beneficial? A. B. C. D. More efficient production of crops Increased use of fossil fuels Elimination of animal habitats Decreased need of government aid Which of the following explains how an increase in elevation affects climate? A. Wind speed and temperature increase B. Air pressure and temperature decrease C. Air pressure and wind speeds decrease D. Precipitation and temperature increases According to the map, what geographic feature was essential for migration to the Americas? A. B. C. D. Isthmus of Panama Pacific Ocean Canadian Glaciers Beringia Land Bridge Which cultural group would most likely inhabit Northern Canada? A. English B. American Indian C. French D. Spanish Which of the following is the correct title for the map? A. B. C. D. Political Borders of North America Physical Features of North America Cultural Regions of North America Vegetation Zones of North America Beginning in the 1960s, citizens of the province of Quebec organized efforts to gain independence from the federal government of Canada. In 1995, a public vote to separate Quebec narrowly failed to pass. Efforts continue today to establish a more independent Quebec. Why do many citizens of Quebec want independence? A. Many farmers and businessmen in Quebec want free-trade treaties with European nations. B. Industry leaders in Quebec desire separation in order to avoid Canadian taxation. C. French-speaking citizens of Quebec want to protect their French heritage. D. Environmental activists are concerned with national pollution regulations. How have the United States and Canada modified the environment to provide inexpensive electricity and recreation in many rural areas? A. By creating vast irrigation systems B. By constructing dams and reservoirs C. By building small solar energy power plants D. By engaging in strip mining for coal Which of the following is the best example of how air conditioning technology has allow humans to adapt to the environment? A. It has increased the use of electricity in both urban and rural areas. B. It has allowed people to work later at night and increase productivity. C. It has allowed the growth of urban centers in areas of extreme heat. D. It has helped to decrease disease in humid areas of the south. This region is organized around a large city. The surrounding area is connected to and generally relies on the transportation, communication, and economic activity of the city. Which of the following types of regions is described above? A. B. C. D. Perceptual Functional Formal Cultural Which of the following is NOT a cause for the growth of urbanization in a region? A. Cultural changes were brought by people moving to the area. B. The region has more pull factors than other regions. C. Economic growth in the region increased with growing urbanization. D. Increased infrastructure developed in the region. Using the economic spectrum above, which letter indicates the economic system of Canada? A B C D The spread of democratic ideals from philosophers in Europe to the Founding Fathers in the United States is an example of which of the following? A. B. C. D. Cultural convergence Cultural contact Cultural disassociation Cultural divergence What trade agreement of the 1990s changed trade patterns between the United States and Canada? A. Pacific Rim Free Trade Agreement B. United States Tariff Policy Agreement C. Canadian-American Free Trade Agreement D. North American Free Trade Agreement All of the continental United States is located on the North American plate except for some of the west coast of California which is located on the Pacific plate. The ________ is located where these plates come together causing a potential for major ________. A. B. C. D. A rift valley, tornadic activity Continental Divide, volcanic eruptions San Andreas Fault, earthquakes Canadian Shield, erosion Which of the following is the most likely reason for the development of a megalopolis? A. Pull factors to the area are few and push factors many. B. Location near transportation routes and major economic development. C. Location near raw materials for industrial development. D. Early settlement and development of communities in the area. Which of the following is most likely the reason for the early exploration and settlement of the western United States? A. Access to water and food B. Easily available transportation C. Rapid urbanization D. Access to natural resources Which of the following would be considered a push factor in human migration? A. Lack of career opportunities B. Improved educational system C. More favorable climate D. Lower land costs Canada’s Population Grows in 2008 The fastest growing province in Canada during the first quarter of 2008 was Alberta. Its population grew by 0.41% due mainly to migration. Saskatchewan had been leading in growth in 2007. This is unusual because it had consistently lost population for years until 2006. Canada’s overall growth amounted to 0.24% for the first quarter of 2008. This was the most growth for Canada since 2002. Which of the following is TRUE concerning Canada’s population growth? A. Canada has been consistently losing population since 2002. B. Canada is experiencing its greatest growth as a result of rising birth rates. C. The greatest provincial growth rates have been west of Ontario. D. Immigration to Canada has been decreasing since 2006. Which group has the highest percentage of males? A. B. C. D. 10-19 30-39 50-59 70-79 Which of the following might be inferred from the pattern of the data? A. B. C. D. After age 30, the population for men is stable. More males than females have been born. Men in their teens seem to be less healthy. As men get older, they are more likely to die from accidents or disease. Which of the following likely has had the greatest influence on the power of the United States to trade internationally? A. B. C. D. Vast resources located within Canada Access to waterways and two oceans Location next to Canada and Mexico Ability to grow large quantities of food All of the following are differences in lifestyle between urban and rural populations in the United States EXCEPTA. Cultural values B. Access to public transportation C. Population density D. Access to political power The spread of new geographical information systems has had all of the following effects EXCEPT- A. Improved geographic mapping B. Navigational improvements C. Reduced fossil fuel use D. Easier access to technologies Which of the following process does the chart show? A. B. C. D. Type of wildlife conservation Improvement of air quality Development of public policy Preservation of native plants Which of the following has the greatest impact on the direction of prevailing winds? A. Thunderstorm flows B. Longitude C. Coriolis effect D. Light reflected off clouds Which generalization can be inferred from the evidence in the table? A. Literacy is a common concern among all nations. B. Countries with a 30% literacy rate will always have a per capita GDP of less than $2,000. C. Literacy is an important factor in a country’s level of prosperity. D. Per capita GDP is highest in the most literate country.