Chapter 3 American Indian Cultural Regions

advertisement
How and why did American Indian cultural regions differ?
CHAPTER 3
AMERICAN INDIAN CULTURAL REGIONS
3.1 INTRODUCTION

Adapting to surroundings
 Variety
 Ways

of cultures
of living
American Indians
 Settled
 Nomadic

Cultural Regions
7
different regions
 Use
artifacts to determine regions
3.1 INTRODUCTION

Artifact
 Human-made
object that helps us understand how
the people who made them lived
 Hopi’s
use clay pots to store food
 Indians in the Northwest uses wooden boxes

why>?
3.2 AMERICAN INDIANS OF THE NORTHWEST
COAST

Lived on a narrow strip along Pacific Coast


South of Inuits
Geography

Dense fir, pine, cedar grew to the coastline
 Settled

Mild climate
 Heavy

on rocky beaches
rainfall
Wildlife

Fish, whales, deer, elk, mountain goats, bears, wolves
3.2 AMERICAN INDIANS OF THE NORTHWEST
COAST

Shelter
 Kwakiutls
 Totem

used would from forest
poles outside each home
Clothes
 Cedar
bark
 Protect
from rain
 Also used for rope

Fishing nets and traps
3.3 AMERICAN INDIANS OF THE CALIFORNIAINTERMOUNTAIN REGION

Inland from pacific coast
 Southern
California
 Sierra
Nevada
 Great Basin

Various Environments
 Great
Basin=dessert
 California=milder climate

Tribes/Nations/Families
 Shoshones,
Paiutes, Miwoks, Pomos
3.3 AMERICAN INDIANS OF THE CALIFORNIAINTERMOUNTAIN REGION

Homes
 Ice

cream
Using nature
 Shells
and beads
 Roots, branches, grasses, reeds, etc
3.4 AMERICAN INDIANS OF THE SOUTHWEST

Driest cultural region
 Southwestern
United States – Northern Mexico
 Mountains, mesas, canyons, and deserts
 Little rainfall & extreme temperatures

Tribes
 Apaches
 nomadics
 Hopis
 settled
3.4 AMERICAN INDIANS OF THE SOUTHWEST

Homes
Stone and adobe
 Cliff dwellings
 pueblos


Clothing
Wore cotton
 Weaving for blankets and cloth
 Dyes and decorations


Food

Clay pots
3.5 AMERICAN INDIANS OF THE PLATEAU

Between the Cascade and the Rocky
mountains
 Flatlands,
rolling hill, and gorges
 Include Canada and states
 Summers and winters
 Little rainfall
 Water

from rivers
Tribes
 Nez
Perces, Spokanes, and Yakimas
3.5 AMERICAN INDIANS OF THE PLATEAU

Natural environment

Plants and animals
 Deer
and bear
 Jackrabbits
 fish
Forests
 Thick grasses, berries and camas


Culture
Underground homes
 Grass clothing
 Digging stick

3.6 AMERICAN INDIANS OF THE GREAT PLAINS

East of the Plateau
 Rocky
Mountains to Mississippi Valley
 Canada to Texas
 Mostly treeless grassland
 Many animals
 buffalo

Tribes
 Cheyennes,
Pawnees, Comanches, and Sioux
3.6 AMERICAN INDIANS OF THE GREAT PLAINS

Buffalo considered sacred
 Extremely
valuable
 teepee

How were buffalos used?
3.7 AMERICAN INDIANS OF THE EASTERN
WOODLANDS

Mississippi River to the Atlantic Ocean
Four seasons
 Rain=streams and rivers
 Birch, oak and maple trees
 Turkey, deer and beaver


Tribes

Iroquois
 Mohawks,

Senecas
Algonquin
 Mohegans,
Delawares
3.7 AMERICAN INDIANS OF THE EASTERN
WOODLANDS

Homes
 Wigwams
 Winter

and summer
Clothing
 Deer
hide and other animal skins
 Capes from turkey feathers

Canoes
 Multiple
trees
 Light weight
3.8 AMERICAN INDIANS OF THE SOUTHEAST

Ohio Valley to Gulf of Mexico and Texas to Atlantic
Ocean
River valleys, mountains, coastal plans, and swamps
 Hot weather


Seminoles lived in the Florida Swamplands
Various plants
 Deer, alligators, fish and snakes


Creeks lived in Georgia and Alabama

Became Seminoles under Spanish rule
 Escaped
slaves also joined the tribe
3.8 AMERICAN INDIANS OF THE SOUTHEAST

Homes
 Chickees
 Wooden
platforms
 Slanted roof
 No walls

Clothes
 Leggings

Canoes
for protection
READING FURTHER

The Makahs
READING FURTHER

The Taos
READING FURTHER

The Iowas
READING FURTHER

The Senecas
Download
Related flashcards

Languages of Syria

21 cards

Languages of Morocco

19 cards

Languages of Mali

46 cards

Languages of Libya

14 cards

Languages of Ukraine

15 cards

Create Flashcards