The Red Pony By Will John Steinbeck • Born on February 27th, 1902 in Salinas, California. • Never graduated from Stanford. • Awarded with the Nobel Prize in 1962. • Wrote Of Mice and Men, The Grapes of Wrath, East of Eden, In Dubious Battle, Travels with Charley, The Red Pony, and more. • Died December 20th, 1968 in New York City. John Steinbeck • Served as a World War II war correspondent in 1943. • His Of Mice and Men was turned into a movie in 1939. • The movie The Grapes of Wrath won the Pulitzer Prize in 1940. • Most of his books were based on his childhood, especially The Red Pony. History of Salinas • Was created when California became a territory of the United States in the 1860’s. • Smaller tribes of Indians were first to live in the Salinas Valley. • California received many people in the 1930’s because of the “Dust Bowl.” History of Salinas • Salinas means “salt marsh.” • Has the most people of any city in Monterey County, California. • The Salinas River goes through Salinas. • The Salinas post office opened in 1854. • The National Steinbeck Center, the Steinbeck House and the John Steinbeck Library are all in Salinas. Ranching • A landscape that may have various structures, given primarily for the practice of ranching. • In the 1930’s, many Californians were ranchers. • Animals that are on ranches are the same kind that would be on farms. Ranching • In the 1700s, José de Escandón established several large ranches along the Rio Grande. • “Rancher,” “Cattleman,” “Stockgrower,” or “Stockman” are usual names for ranch owners. • Ranching and the cowboy tradition originated in Spain. The 1930’s • Money was scarce because of The Great Depression. • Movies, parlor games, and board games were popular. • Many people gathered around radios to listen to the Yankees because they felt closer together in the hard times.. The 1930’s • The 1930’s were also known as the “Dirty 30’s” or the “Dust Bowl.” • The 1930’s for Salinas were far less disruptive than other parts of America’s farming economy. • Many amounts of people were unemployed in the 1930’s because of The Great Depression. The Care of Horses • Give your horse a lot of water every day. • Healthy horses will drink 25 to 30 gallons of water a day. • Make sure to groom your horse every time before you ride it. • Keep good care of the horse’s hooves. The Care of Horses • 3 acres for running room. • Needs approximately 1.5% to 2.5% of its body weight in food per day. • A sturdy and well-made wooden post and rail will work for horses great.