By: Pablo Picasso Pablo Picasso • Born on October 25, 1881 in Malaga, Spain • Invented Cubanism • Became one of the most influential and greatest artists in the 20th century • He was 91 when he died in 1973 in France Background of Guernica • The painting is based on the bombing of the city of Guernica in Spain during the Spanish Civil War. • 1,685 people died • Picasso painted Guernica as a reaction to the bomb Guernica • Completed mid-June 1937 • 11.5 ft. tall and 25.6 ft. wide, a mural-size canvas painted in oil. • It is an example of Cubism and Surrealism. Interpretation The light bulb would symbolize the bomb. Flower in the hand of a dead man. Colors: Picasso only used black, grey, and white to portray the sorrowful atmosphere and convey suffering and disorder. The newspaper is how Picasso found out about the bombing. Interpretation Cont. • Guernica shows the cataclysms of war as well as the anguish and destruction it inflicts upon people, especially innocent civilians. • With Guernica, Picasso wanted to establish his identity and his strength as an artist when confronted with political authority and intolerable violence. Locations of Guernica • Guernica was initially exhibited in July 1937 at the Spanish Pavilion at the Paris International Exposition • Given to the MoMA (Museum of Modern Art) • Between 1939 and 1952, the painting traveled extensively in the United States; between 1953 and 1956 it was shown in Brazil • In 1992 it was given up to the Spanish and put in the Museo Reina Sofia Lasting Impact • This painting has attained an enormous reputation over the years, and has become an everlasting reminder of the devastation of war, in addition to becoming an anti-war icon.