Forestry ID

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Forestry ID
2nd 9 weeks
ID Test #8
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Chestnut Oak
Live Oak
Post Oak
Southern Red Oak
White Oak
Quercus prinus
Quercus virginiana
Quercus stellata
Quercus falcata
Quercus alba
Chestnut Oak- Quercus prinus
• shallowly lobed with 1015 rounded lobes on
each margin
Live Oak- Quercus virginiana
• Rolled leaf margin
• Very stiff leaf
• Evergreen
Post Oak- Quercus stellata
• Cruciform lobes
– Shaped like a cross
• They are leathery, and
tomentose (densely
short-hairy) beneath
Southern Red Oak- Quercus falcata
• The leaves generally have
rounded (U-shaped) bases,
irregularly-shaped lobes, and
long, thin, curving (falcate)
tips.
• Very drought tolerant
White Oak- Quercus alba
• They are variably
lobed
– 5-7 lobes per side
– Cuneate, or wedge
shaped base
– Red fall color
– sometimes the lobes
are shallow, other
times they are deeply
lobed
Word Bank for ID Test #8
1. Black Cherry- Prunus serotina
2. Black Tupelo- Nyssa sylvatica
3. Red Mulberry- Morus rubra
4. Sugarberry- Celtis laevigata
5. Yellow Poplar- Liriodendron tulipifera
6. Sassafras- Sassafras albidum
7. Mockernut Hickory- Carya tomentosa
8. Sweetbay- Magnolia virginiana
9. Persimmon- Diospyrus virginiana
10. Eastern Hophornbeam- Ostrya virginiana
11. Chestnut Oak-Quercus prinus
12. Live Oak- Quercus virginiana
13. Post Oak- Quercus stellata
14. Southern Red Oak-Quercus falcata
15. White Oak- Quercus alba
ID Test 9
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Water Oak- Quercus nigra
Laurel Oak- Quercus laurifolia
Blackjack Oak- Quercus marilandica
Sawtooth Oak - Quercus acutissima
Willow Oak-Quercus phellos
Water Oak- Quercus nigra
• Water Oak is
adapted to wet,
swampy areas
• shaped like a
spatula being broad
and rounded at the
top and narrow and
wedged at the base
Laurel Oak- Quercus laurifolia
• The leaves are broad
lanceolate
• broad and unlobed
Blackjack Oak- Quercus marilandica
• The leaves are broad,
and typically flare from
a tapered base to a
broad three-lobed bell
shape with only shallow
indentations.
• They are dark green and
glossy remain attached
to the twigs through the
winter after turning
brown in the fall
Sawtooth Oak- Quercus acutissima
• Heavily serrated
• Clustered buds (on tip)
Willow Oak-Quercus phellos
• Lanceolate leaf
• Thinner leaf
• All acute leaf
Word Bank for ID Test #9
1. Sassafras- Sassafras albidum
2. Mockernut Hickory- Carya tomentosa
3. Sweetbay- Magnolia virginiana
4. Persimmon- Diospyrus virginiana
5. Eastern Hophornbeam- Ostrya virginiana
6. Chestnut Oak-Quercus prinus
7. Live Oak- Quercus virginiana
8. Post Oak- Quercus stellata
9. Southern Red Oak-Quercus falcata
10. White Oak- Quercus alba
11. Water Oak- Quercus nigra
12. Laurel Oak- Quercus laurifolia
13. Blackjack Oak- Quercus marilandica
14. Sawtooth Oak- Quercus acutissima
15. Willow Oak- Quercus phellos
ID Test 10
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Red Maple- Acer rubrum
Silver Maple- Acer saccharinum
Sugar Maple- Acer saccharum
Flowering Dogwood-Cornus florida
Yaupon-Ilex vomitoria
Red Maple- Acer rubrum
• Known for its
brilliant deep scarlet
foliage in autumn.
• 3-5 lobes
• Rounded Buds
Silver Maple- Acer saccharinum
• 3-5 lobes
• Deep sinus between the
five lobes.
• Striking effect as the
silver undersides of the
leaves are exposed in
the wind.
• Brilliant yellow and even
orange and red
colorations in fall
Sugar Maple- Acer saccharum
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5 lobes
No milky sap
Pointy bud
Basal lobes are
relatively small, while
the upper lobes are
larger and deeply
notched
The fall color ranges from bright yellow
through orange to fluorescent red-orange
Flowering Dogwood-Cornus florida
• Entire leaf margin
• The leaves are
opposite, simple, oval
with acute tips
• Rich red-brown in fall
• Turbinate bud
Yaupon-Ilex vomitoria
• Tiny alternate leaves
• Also have a coarsely
serrated margin
• Substitute for a
boxwood
Word Bank for ID Test #10
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Chestnut Oak
Live Oak
Post Oak
Southern Red Oak
White Oak
Water Oak
Laurel Oak
Blackjack Oak
Sawtooth Oak
Willow Oak
Red Maple
Silver Maple
Sugar Maple
Flowering Dogwood
Yaupon
Quercus prinus
Quercus virginiana
Quercus stellata
Quercus falcata
Quercus alba
Quercus nigra
Quercus laurifolia
Quercus marilandica
Quercus acutissima
Quercus phellos
Acer rubrum
Acer saccharinum
Acer saccharum
Cornus florida
Ilex vomitoria
ID Test 11
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American Sycamore- Platanus occidentalis
Honeylocust- Gleditsia triacanthos
Black Locust- Robinia pseudoacacia
River Birch- Betula nigra
Paulownia- Paulownia tomentosa
American Sycamore- Platanus occidentalis
• Leaves are four to
nine inches long
• Three to five-lobed by
broad shallow sinuses
rounded in the
bottom;
Honeylocust- Gleditsia triacanthos
• The leaves are pinnately
compound
• The leaflets are 1.5–2.5
cm and bright green.
• They turn yellow in the
fall.
Black Locust- Robinia pseudoacacia
• Blue-green leaves
• Flowers in April
• Paired flat thorns
(compared to
honeylocust)
River Birch- Betula nigra
• The leaves are
alternate, ovate,
1.5-3 in long
• Serrated margin and
five to twelve pairs
of veins
Paulownia- Paulownia tomentosa
• large heart-shaped to
five-lobed leaves 1540 cm across
• Arranged in opposite
pairs on the stem.
• On young growth, the
leaves may be in
whorls of three
Word Bank for ID Test #11
1. Water Oak
2. Laurel Oak
3. Blackjack Oak
4. Sawtooth Oak
5. Willow Oak
6. Red Maple
7. Silver Maple
8. Sugar Maple
9. Flowering Dogwood
10. Yaupon
11. American Sycamore
12. Honeylocust
13. River Birch
14. Paulownia
15. Black Locust
Quercus nigra
Quercus laurifolia
Quercus marilandica
Quercus acutissima
Quercus phellos
Acer rubrum
Acer saccharinum
Acer saccharum
Cornus florida
Ilex vomitoria
Platanus occidentalis
Gleditsia triacanthos
Betula nigra
Paulownia tomentosa
Robinia pseudoacacia
Scarlet Oak- Quercus coccinea
• The leaves are glossy
green
• Seven lobes, and deep
sinuses between the
lobes.
• Each lobe has 3-7
bristle-tipped teeth.
• The leaf is hairless
Overcup Oak- Quercus lyrata
• 6 to 10 inches long
• roughly oblong in
shape with a highly
variable margin that
has 5 to 9 lobes
• The underside is
white and
pubescent.
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