Lake Champlain in northeastern New York. Served as a key point of access to both Canada and the Hudson River Valley during the French and Indian War. On May 10,1775, Benedict Arnold of Massachusetts joined Ethan Allen and the Green Mountains Boys of Vermont in a surprise attack against British. This was the first American Victory of the Revolutionary War, and would give them artillery for the Continental Army. Green Mountain Boys “In the Name of the Great Jehovah and the Continental Congress.” In July,1777 Fort Ticonderoga British general John Burgoyne managed to place a cannon on Mountain Defiance and forced Ticonderoga's army under the command of General Arthur St. Clair to evacuate. On November the redcoats abandoned the fort permanently following Burgoyne surrender at Saratoga. John Burgoyne The redcoats JOHN BURGOYNE Born in England, he is remembered for his defeat by superior American forces in the Saratoga (New York) campaign of 1777. His forces captured Fort Ticonderoga on July 1777. Born in Scotland and served in the British Army in North America during the French and Indian War. He had a promotion in 1777, he was sent to command at Ticonderoga.