Elizabeth Chumash

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THE CHUMASH
By: Elizabeth Sinay
THE CHUMASH REGION
 The Chumash was one of the great
Native American tribes in California. They
lived on the northern coast of the Santa
Barbara Channel. They had oak trees and an
ocean with fish and sea animals. The climate
was mild, with misty rain in the winter. A few
things make the Chumash unique such as the
homes they live in, the food they eat, the roles
they had, the clothes they wore, the
ceremonies they celebrated, and some other
things.
THE CHUMASH HOMES
 The Chumash built and lived in
interesting homes. Chumash homes were
shaped like a giant round oven, spacious and
comfortable. Each house was 50 feet across
and 4 to 5 families shared one house.
Chumash homes were made using frames and
poles. The roof was covered with bundles of
grass and tule reeds. The homes had a hole
in the middle of the roof for the sun to come
in and for cooking.
THE CHUMASH FOOD
 The Chumash got their food from
their surroundings. They hunted big
animals like deer, bear, and mountain
lions using bows and arrows. They also
trapped and ate rabbits, quails, ducks,
and blackbirds. The Chumash also
killed whales, seals, otters, and
porpoises using harpoons. They ate
abalone and cooked edible roots to eat.
THE CHUMASH JOBS
 The Chumash had different
jobs. The men hunted , made
tools, and made canoes out of
redwood. The women gathered
edible roots and cooked. They
carved beads, bowls, and charms
from stone. The elders took care
of the children.
THE CHUMASH CLOTHING
 The Chumash wore interesting
clothing. They made clothes out
of animal skins, bird feathers, and
plant fibers. In winter, they wore
capes made from woven rabbit
skins. Women made skirts and
dresses with patterns of rabbits
and birds. They decorated clothes
with shells.
CELEBRATIONS
 The Chumash celebrated different
ceremonies during the year. They held
mourning ceremonies when someone
died. The Hutash ceremony honored
the earth goddess. The Chumash
celebrated the winter solstice ceremony
to honor the sun. They also danced
honoring the condor, bear, beaver, fox,
coyote, and blackbird.
CHUMASH INTERESTING
FACTS
The Chumash had some other
interesting facts about their lives. The
Chumash people use to live in an area that
coverd 7000 square miles. A Chumash
person would eat up to 500 pounds of
acorns a year. They played a game of
gashed using walnut shell dice for fun.
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