Skeletal System Review

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Skeletal System Review
Which bone is known as the kneecap?
Patella
Which condition is abnormal softening of bones
due to disease?
osteomalacia
The surgical removal of a bursa
Bursectomy
Surgical repair of the skull
Cranioplasty
The medical term for collarbone
clavicle
The medical term for breastbone
Sternum
The top part of the sternum
Manubrium
The bottom part of the sternum
Xiphoid process
What is the calcaneus bone?
the heel bone
That is the thigh bone?
Femur
What is the scapula?
Shoulder blade
What are the finger and toe bones called?
phalanges
What is the abnormal increase in the forward
curvature of the lumbar spine?
lordosis
What is the abnormal sideways spine curvature?
scoliosis
What is the abnormal increase in the outward
curvature of the thoracic spine as viewed from the
side?
kyphosis
What term describes a fracture where the bone is
splintered or crushed?
comminuted
What is the condition of excess uric acid crystals in
the joint?
gouty arthritis (gout)
A defect in which the spinal canal fails to close
around the spinal cord?
spina bifida
Surgical repair of the cartilage
chondroplasty
Inflammation of the vertebrae? (spondyl =
vertebrae)
spondylitis
Surgical repair of a damaged joint?
arthroplasty
Death of bone tissue?
osteonecrosis
Which bone tissue functions as a fat storage area?
yellow bone marrow
Inflammation of bone AND bone marrow?
osteo/myel/it is
What is the flexible tip of the nose made up of?
cartilage
Surgical incision into a joint?
arthr/otomy
Surgical incision into a bone
oste/otomy
Surgical removal of a spinal lamina
laminectomy
A marked loss of bone density and an increase in
bone porosity is called…..
osteoporosis
A surgical puncture of the joint space to remove
fluid for analysis
arthro/centesis
The lower portion of the sternum
xiphoid process
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