Age of Exploration CHAPTER 2 PLEASE WRITE & ANSWER THE FOLLOWING IN YOUR NB 1. What motivated explorers? 2. What obstacle's did they face? 3. What is the Columbian exchange? 4. What was the impact on Europe? WHAT MOTIVATED EXPLORERS? The 3 G’s are: Gold-economic factors God-religion Glory-competition WHAT OBSTACLES DID THEY FACE? Poor maps Disease Starvation Fear of the unknown Lack of adequate supplies WHAT IS THE COLOMBIAN EXCHANGE? The great exchange between the Western and the Eastern Hemisphere. It changed both economy and culture of worlds. It was the transfer of people, products, and ideas between the hemispheres after 1492. Many changes were positive-On Columbus’s second voyage in 1493 he brought to the new world- horses, dogs, pigs, cattle, chickens, sheep, and goats. When the explorers brought the new animals across the ocean it introduced a whole new means of transportation, a new labor form, and a new food source. Also introduced Oats, wheat, Negative effects were germs to which Native Americans had no immunity, smallpox, chickenpox, measles, influenza and malaria that killed Native Americans by the thousands COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE---- SUGARCANE Columbus introduced sugarcane in his second voyage to the Americas. The production flourished in the New World under the plantation system. It had difficulty growing in the Old World. Plantations developed in Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Jamaica. Eventually, the southeastern colonies of North America began planting sugarcane as well. Produced at a large scale. Used in coffee, tea, chocolate, and rum, people became addicted to sugar. making it one of the largest cash crops in history. IMPACT ON EUROPE FROM THE AMERICA’S Americans introduced the following to the Old world: Llamas, turkeys, squirrels, muskrats to the rest of the world. Corn, Potato, Sweet Potato, Tomato, Chilis, Peanuts Potatoes and maize (corn) gave poorer populations inexpensive, easy-to-grow crops, which contributed to massive population growth in places like Ireland, Africa, Eastern Europe, and Asia. Chocolate,Vanilla,Manioc,Pineapples,Strawberries, Avocados ** All of these foods turn up in African stews, Indian curries, Italian soups, and Thai sauces. TECHNOLOGY IN THE NEW WORLD Written alphabet-taught so Native Americans could read and write European language and to spread Christianity Farming-introduced the plow to the new world which changed the landscape of farming Architecture-the wheel was introduced European Architectural ingenuity helped to build new homes, ranches, farms, ports and ships in the new world weapons FROM EUROPE TO THE AMERICAS From Europe to the Americas Bananas Barley Cabbages Carnations Chickens Coffee Cows Crabgrass Daffodils Daisies Dandelions Horses Lemons Lettuce Lilacs Olives Oranges Peaches Pears Pigs Rice Sheep Sugarcane Tulips Turnips Wheat FROM AMERICA TO EUROPE From the Americas to Europe Avocados Beans (kidney, navy, lima) Bell peppers Black-eyed Susans Cacao (for chocolate) Chili peppers Corn Cotton Marigolds Papayas Peanuts Petunias Pineapples Poinsettias Potatoes Pumpkins Quinine Rubber Squashes Sunflowers Sweet potatoes Tobacco Tomatoes Turkeys Vanilla beans Zinnias CHAPTER 2 How did the search for a water route to Asia affect both Europe and the America’s? It bought Europeans to the America’s and led to the Colombian exchange.