From Europe to the Americas

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Age of Exploration
CHAPTER 2
PLEASE WRITE & ANSWER THE FOLLOWING IN
YOUR NB
1. What motivated explorers?
 2. What obstacle's did they face?
 3. What is the Columbian exchange?
 4. What was the impact on Europe?

WHAT MOTIVATED EXPLORERS?
The 3 G’s are:
 Gold-economic factors
 God-religion
 Glory-competition

WHAT OBSTACLES DID THEY FACE?
Poor maps
 Disease
 Starvation
 Fear of the unknown
 Lack of adequate supplies

WHAT IS THE COLOMBIAN EXCHANGE?


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The great exchange between the Western and the Eastern
Hemisphere. It changed both economy and culture of worlds.
It was the transfer of people, products, and ideas between the
hemispheres after 1492.
Many changes were positive-On Columbus’s second voyage in
1493 he brought to the new world- horses, dogs, pigs, cattle,
chickens, sheep, and goats. When the explorers brought the
new animals across the ocean it introduced a whole new
means of transportation, a new labor form, and a new food
source.
Also introduced Oats, wheat,
Negative effects were germs to which Native Americans had no
immunity, smallpox, chickenpox, measles, influenza and
malaria that killed Native Americans by the thousands
COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE---- SUGARCANE
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Columbus introduced sugarcane in his second voyage to the
Americas.
The production flourished in the New World under the
plantation system. It had difficulty growing in the Old World.
Plantations developed in Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Jamaica.
Eventually, the southeastern colonies of North America began
planting sugarcane as well.
Produced at a large scale. Used in coffee, tea, chocolate, and
rum, people became addicted to sugar.
making it one of the largest cash crops in history.
IMPACT ON EUROPE FROM THE AMERICA’S
Americans introduced the following to the Old world:
 Llamas, turkeys, squirrels, muskrats to the rest of the
world.
 Corn, Potato, Sweet Potato, Tomato, Chilis, Peanuts
 Potatoes and maize (corn) gave poorer populations
inexpensive, easy-to-grow crops, which contributed to
massive population growth in places like Ireland, Africa,
Eastern Europe, and Asia.
 Chocolate,Vanilla,Manioc,Pineapples,Strawberries,
Avocados
** All of these foods turn up in African stews, Indian curries,
Italian soups, and Thai sauces.

TECHNOLOGY IN THE NEW WORLD
Written alphabet-taught so Native Americans could
read and write European language and to spread
Christianity
 Farming-introduced the plow to the new world
which changed the landscape of farming
 Architecture-the wheel was introduced
 European Architectural ingenuity helped to build
new homes, ranches, farms, ports and ships in the
new world
 weapons

FROM EUROPE TO THE AMERICAS
From Europe to the Americas
Bananas
Barley
Cabbages
Carnations
Chickens
Coffee
Cows
Crabgrass
Daffodils
Daisies
Dandelions
Horses
Lemons
Lettuce
Lilacs
Olives
Oranges
Peaches
Pears
Pigs
Rice
Sheep
Sugarcane
Tulips
Turnips
Wheat
FROM AMERICA TO EUROPE
From the Americas to Europe
Avocados
Beans (kidney,
navy, lima)
Bell peppers
Black-eyed
Susans
Cacao (for
chocolate)
Chili peppers
Corn
Cotton
Marigolds
Papayas
Peanuts
Petunias
Pineapples
Poinsettias
Potatoes
Pumpkins
Quinine
Rubber
Squashes
Sunflowers
Sweet potatoes
Tobacco
Tomatoes
Turkeys
Vanilla beans
Zinnias
CHAPTER 2

How did the search for a water route to Asia
affect both Europe and the America’s?

It bought Europeans to the America’s and led to
the Colombian exchange.
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