China Notes and Visuals

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Imperialism on the EOG (7.H.2.1)
• Colonization, conquest, and imperialism may alter a
people’s way of life in positive and negative ways.
• Conflict may begin as ideological struggle and end in
physical violence.
• There are multiple perspectives to understand and
analyze in order to determine the effects of any type of
conflict.
• The effects of conflict are multifaceted.
• Economic conflict may alter the quality of life for
citizens in various nations and regions.
• Political conflict may lead to the formation of alliances.
• Political and social conflict may require military
intervention.
Imperialism
• When a stronger nation takes over a weaker
nation for economic or political gains
– Colony
• Total Gov’t control by Foreign power
– Protectorate
• Local Gov’t, but it is controlled by the
Foreign power
– Sphere of Influence
• Foreign power has trading privileges
– Economic Imperialism
• Foreign Business runs the nation
Day 1
China
• China does not want to trade w/West
– They have everything they need
– West finds something they want…Opium
• Destroys the society, Qing Gov’t MAD!
• Opium Wars
– China is outmatched (technology)
– Lose, embarrassed (used to look down upon the west)
» Forced to Trade
Effects of Imperialism
• Taiping Rebellion
– Peasants are struggling, they rebel
– Take over most SE China
• Rebellion ends (20 million dies)
– Internal fighting
– Fighting the Qing Dynasty
– Fighting the imperialist armies
• China attempts to modernize
– Qing leaders stop it – afraid they will lose
power
It always gets worse
• “Open Door Policy”
– USA’s plan
• No one can colonize China
• We will all trade with China
– Sphere of Influence
» Chinese are not happy –Western get special
privileges
• Boxer Rebellion
– Chinese peasants resent Westerners and Chinese
Christians
• Seize parts of Beijing (SEZ)
– Multinational force squashes the rebellion
» China must change
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