Hardships of the Great Plains Settlers Lack of building materials Few trees Lumber shipped in: expensive How did they adjust? • Used Sod that busted up for houses • Used Barbed Wire for fencing in crops • When money was made from crops/ bought wood. How did people adjust? • Windmills helped to get water to areas • Steel Plow helped break through sod Natural Geography • Mountain range both sides • Hard to travel out • Water was not always available. • Land near rivers and streams taken quickly. Climate Conditions Winter- blizzards • Spring – tornadoes, hail, floods • Summer- extreme heat • Fall- dry grass/fires spark Isolation *Travel between settlements difficult • Communication not available. • Made them independent. Lack of revenue • Farming only way to make money • Far away from industry • If had bad year for crops/ disaster for farm. Rail Road How do you think the railroad helped the settlers overcome some of these hardships?