Socioeconomic Factors for Kenya

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Socioeconomic Factors for
Kenya
By: Danielle Robertson
Population - 2009 Census
Central Province: 4,383,743
Nyeri District: 693,558
Male: 339,725
Female: 353,833
Othaya: 21,427
Urban population: 4,108
National GDP
 $65.95 billion as of 2010
 GDP per Capita - $1,600.00
 Growth Rate of 4% (2010), 2.6% (2009), 1.7% (2008)
 Kenya is a leader in the economy of Central and
East Africa
 Factors affecting GDP – 2005 drought, 2008 political
and world market shocks
Breakdown of Industries
 GDP Composition
 Agriculture – 22%
 Industry – 16%
 Services – 62%
 Labor Force
 Agriculture – 75%
 Industry and
Services – 25%
The largest earning sector of GDP has the
lowest percentage of the population working
in it
National Import/Export
 Exports
 tea, horticultural
products, coffee,
petroleum
products, fish and
cement
 $5.141 Billion
 Imports
 machinery and
transportation equipment,
petroleum products, motor
vehicles, iron and steel,
resins and plastics
 $10.4 Billion
There is a $5.259 Billion trade deficit
National Unemployment
 40% Unemployment Rating (2008)
 Wealth Gap (2005)
 Lowest 10% - earn 1.8% of household
income
 Highest 10% - earn 37.8% of household
income
HPI by Province
 Human Poverty
Index
 Nairobi –
29.9%
 Central –
32.3%
 North Eastern
– 50.5%
Employment by Province
Income Distribution by
Province
Poverty Statistics
 Lowest proportion of landless rural poor
households = 15.8% (2004)
 31% Poverty incidence (2005) – Central
 given the richest rating
 Nairobi followed with 44%
 19 of the top 23 districts in the richest category
(less than 35%) are in Central Province
Gender Ratios
At birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
Total population: 1.01 male(s)/female
Central Province – 49% males & 51% females
Nyeri – 48.78% males & 51.22% females
HDI and GDI
 National HDI - .470
(2010)
 National GDI - .540
(2005)
 Nairobi had the highest
HDI with .773 in 2005
 The Central Province
had the highest GDI
with .626 in 2005
 The Central province
followed with .637 in
2005
 The North Eastern
province had the least
HDI with .285
 Followed by Nairobi
with .620
 The North Eastern
Province had the lowest
GDI with .401
Attitude Towards Gender
Violence
Literacy in Kenya
Kenya
Western
Rift Valley
Nyanza
N. Eastern
Literacy for Males
Literacy for Female
Eastern
Coast
Central
Nairobi
0
20
40
60
80
100
Education
Primary school education become mandatory in 2003
Central Province - highest gross enrollment rate in primary and
secondary schools (2000)
Primary school enrollment rate: 106%
Secondary school enrollment rate: 38%
Driven by implementation of nation-wide policy of free
primary education
(Nation-wide education is already detailed in Monica’s paper from spring 2010)
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